Students' Mathematical Problem Solving Abilities Through Realistic Mathematics Educational Approach in Elementary Schools

  • Rahmat Syiah Kuala University, Jl. Teungku Chik Pante Kulu No. 5 Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Cut Morina Zubainur Syiah Kuala University, Jl. Teungku Chik Pante Kulu No. 5 Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Marwan Syiah Kuala University, Jl. Teungku Chik Pante Kulu No. 5 Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
Keywords: problem solving ability, realistic mathematics approach


The aim of this research is to analyze students’ ability in solving mathematics problems through Realistic Mathematics Educational Approach (RMEA). The subjects of this research are six Grade-5 students at State Elementary School 6 of Kutablang which were chosen through communicative indicators. The instruments used in this study are test of math problem solving and guided interview. The data obtained were then analyzed qualitatively and elaborated descriptively. The result of the study shows that four out of six students are competent in meeting the indicators in implementing and apply the correct strategies in solving the math problems. Moreover, three students were able to solve the math problems in different contexts by creating the new mathematics insights, monitoring, and reflecting the process of math problems solving. The result of this study also shows that the students used RMEA in solving math problems by comprehending the problem, deciding the right strategies to solve the problems, having background knowledge suitable to use for the current math problems they face, and at the end they were capable in concluding the ideas they have to use as a solution.


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