International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2024-03-22T12:24:06+00:00 Prof. Mohamad L. A. Anabtawi Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">The International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) is <strong>multidisciplinary peer reviewed Journal </strong><strong>intended to publish original research papers, and review articles in the following fields (but not limited to):</strong> anthropology, archaeology, communication, criminology, education, government, linguistics, international relations, political science, sociology, Earth science, Ecology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Life science, Human biology, Decision theory, Logic, Mathematics, Statistics, Systems theory, Theoretical computer science, Applied physics, Computer science, all Fields of engineering, Accounting, , Education, Economics, Medical Technology, Biology, Medicine, Management, History, Mineralogy, Civil Engineering, Marine Technology, Commerce, Chemical Engineering, Animal Sciences, Petroleum &amp; Gas, Energy Resources, Agriculture, Medical Sciences, Machine Learning, Machinery, computer Science, Chemistry, Neural Networks, Physics, Social Science, Geology, Transportation, Waste Management, Control Engineering, Applied Mathematics, Oceanography, Biomedical Materials, Construction, Metallurgy, Neural Computing, Industrial Arts, IT, Astronology, Fire &amp; Fire Prevention, Robotics Marine Sciences, Solid State Technology, Business Administration, Food &amp;Food Industry, Atmospheric Sciences, Artificial Intelligence, Textile Industry &amp; Fabrics, Education science, Physiology, Nano Science, Microbiology, Psychology, Statistics, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Genetics, Botany, Veterinary Sciences, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Zoology, Oncology, Accounting, Entomology, Parasitology, Evolution, human behavior, Biophysics, Fisheries, Pharmacology, Geography, Cell Biology, Genomics, Plant Biology, Law, Religious Studies, Endocrinology, Dentistry, Infectious Diseases, Toxicology, Immunology, Teacher education, and Neuroscience. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This International journal usually will provide the Editor's decision based on the peer review results <strong>within 4 weeks (28 days)</strong> from the paper submission date.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double peer review process. For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="">About the Journal</a> page. </p> <p> </p> EFL Students’ Metaphorical Perception of their Learning Experience 2024-03-22T12:24:06+00:00 Ahlam Alharbi Amneh Nazmi Al-Saleh Fouzia Zaki Ullah Khan Asmaa Sameera Rashid <p>The present study explored EFL students' perceptions and attitudes towards their learning experience through metaphors. Conceptual metaphor analysis (CMA), as a method of discourse analysis that was promoted by Lakoff and Johnson (1980), was employed. The selected students were provided with a survey to share their learning experience metaphorically with the prompt “Learning English is like.........” CMA was utilized to uncover the metaphorical aspect of the learning experience hidden in the simile provided by the students. The data collected was analyzed qualitatively by categorizing thematically the metaphors used. The analysis revealed the aspects of the students’ learning experience. Their experience is lengthy, challenging, difficult, painful, uncertain, fearful, and negative. Such negative images may indicate some problems and challenges that these students have never dealt with. Negative attitudes towards their learning experience do not allow students to improve their English learning. For this reason, it is recommended to investigate and address students' issues and learning problems from the perspective of enhancing their perceptions of their educational and learning experiences. It was also concluded that students do not distinguish between their educational experience and learning experience.</p> 2024-04-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Improving Performance of Small Wind Turbine by Diffuser Augmented 2024-03-08T00:42:32+00:00 Cok Gede Indra Partha I Wayan Sukerayasa <p>The idea of using clean energy from unnatural wind resources is presented in this paper. Exhaust fan wind energy can be utilized to generate electrical energy through a small wind turbine. The potential is substantial as exhaust fans are widely used in the industry. The diffuse wind characteristics and medium to low speed of the exhaust fan require optimization to achieve maximum wind energy conversion. One optimization method involves adding a diffuser to enhance the wind turbine's performance by concentrating the wind around the rotor. The performance of the wind turbine and its influence on exhaust fan power consumption are investigated. The diffuser design follows the method developed by Yuji Ohya and Takashi Karasudani, involving a modification to the inlet angle. Simulation results demonstrate that the optimal inlet angle is 15 degrees. The optimal location on the wind turbine is 20 cm from the exhaust fan which produces the highest energy harvest. The addition of diffuser can increase turbine power bay 63.06%.</p> 2024-03-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Factor Affecting the Completeness of Chlinical Pathway Filling by Doctors at Hospital Abepura Papua Province 2024-03-04T03:26:32+00:00 Monalisa A. Manufandu Hasmi Sarce Makaba Novita Medyati Agus Zainuri <p>Clinical pathway as hospital law becomes a reference or standard for medical services from the time the patient arrives until the patient leaves the hospital so that doctors are obliged to carry out complete documentation as hospital law and the amount of costs for patients in managing hospital management. Initial observations at the Abepura Regional Hospital found that several clinical pathway documentation had not been completed completely by the doctor responsible for the service. The aim of the research is to determine the factors that influence the completeness of clinical pathway filling by doctors at the Abepura Regional Hospital Papuan Province. This type of quantitative research uses a cross sectional study approach. The research population was 41 doctors and the sample studied was 32 Doctors Responsible for Services which was carried out at the Abepura Regional Hospital in January 2024. Data was obtained using questionnaires and clinical pathway documentation data. Data were analyzed using chi square and binary logistic regression.</p> <p>The research results showed that factors that had a significant influence on the completeness of clinical pathway filling by doctors at Abepura Hospital were training (p value 0.018; RP = 3.080 CI 95% (1.289-7.358) and motivation (p value 0.049; RP = 2.556 CI 95% (1.116-5.853). Factors that did not have a significant effect were age (p value 0,433; RP = 0,667 CI95% (0,273-1,631), gender (p value 0.581 or p &gt; ? (0.05); RP = 0.643 CI95% ( 0.242-1.706), employee status (p value 0.338; RP = 1.800 CI 95% (0.737-4.395), length of work (p value 0.165; RP = 2.167 CI95% (0.0.966-4.860), workload (p value 0.073 ; RP = 2.551 CI 95% (1.165-5.587) and knowledge (p value 0.522; RP = 1.587 CI 95% (0.636-3.957). Training is the dominant factor completing the clinical pathway (p value 0.016; OR = 7.933 95% CI (1.478-42.581).Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that the hospital hold training related to filling out <em>chlinical pathway documents every year</em>. In addition, there needs to be <em>rewards &amp; punishments</em> related to filling out medical record documents and the need for regular evaluation and monitoring by the medical record unit of incomplete filling of <em>chlinical pathway documents</em>.</p> 2024-04-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Making Supervision Effective: Collaboration of the Ghana Education Service and the Cape Coast Metropolitan Basic Schools Heads Association 2024-02-24T04:06:17+00:00 Dr. Judith Bampo <p>The study investigated Making Supervision Effective: Collaboration of the Ghana Education and Cape Coast Metropolitan Basic Schools Heads Association. The questions addressed issues on supervisory practices of headteachers, perceptions of respondents about the instructional leadership role of the headteacher and factors hindering effective supervision in public basic schools. The descriptive survey design was employed combining qualitative and quantitative data sources. The sample for the study was made up of 60 respondents including teachers, headteachers and SISOs. Questionnaire and interview schedule were utilized in the data collection. The data were analysed in frequency counts and percentage. Data were presented in tables and verbatim quotation of respondents. The conclusions drawn from the findings indicated that instructional supervision experienced problems such as low motivation of school heads by the government, negative attitude of teachers towards supervision as well as poor communication between teachers and the school heads. These challenges mentioned above, had an adverse impact on the supervision of instructions in schools. This study has identified that instructional supervision in basic schools is not conducted properly. In this study, teachers indicated that instructional supervision was a fault- finding mission and punitive in nature. This resulted in teachers having negative attitudes towards instructional supervision. However, a greater proportion of respondents acknowledged that instructional supervision is a good initiative that could improve performance by schools if conducted properly.</p> 2024-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Transforming Higher Education: A Systematic Review of Transformational Leadership among University Lecturers in Xi'an, China 2024-02-20T12:58:19+00:00 Li Si Yi Chin Nyuk Sang <p>This systematic review explores the dynamics of transformational leadership among university lecturers in public universities in Xi'an, China. Drawing on a range of validated research instruments and employing a rigorous methodology, this study investigates the interplay between spiritual intelligence, mindfulness, organizational justice, structure alignment, social responsibility, job satisfaction, and their impact on transformational leadership. Through a comprehensive analysis of self-administered questionnaires, this review sheds light on the critical factors influencing leadership behaviors in higher education settings, offering valuable insights for academics, policymakers, and institutional leaders aiming to foster transformative educational environments.</p> 2024-03-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR)