International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2021-06-18T18:00:20+00:00 Dr. Mohamad Nasar Open Journal Systems Multidisciplinary reputable journal: Peer reviewed, widely Indexed with Impact Factor, fast paper publication, and no deadline for paper submission. Determinants of Health Protocol Implementation During Covid-19 Pandemic in Kupang Regency Using the Health Belief Model Approach 2021-06-18T18:00:20+00:00 Maria G. P. Suluh Serlie K. A. Littik Muntasir Mariana D. C. Lerik Tetty Setiawaty <p>The spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) known as Covid-19 has persisted throughout Indonesia, as well as in Kupang Regency, since it was first reported in 2020. To prevent the spread of Covid-19 in the community, efforts must be made to apply health protocols in a disciplined manner. The purpose of this study is to find out what factors are associated with the implementation of health protocols in Kupang Regency using the Health Belief model approach. This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative design. A survey using Google Forms was used to obtain data from 322 respondents in Kupang Regency. Data was collected during March to April of 2021. To determine the relationship of factors associated to the implementation of health protocols, data were examined using the Chi-Square: Fisher Test. According to the findings, the factors related to the health protocol were perceived susceptibility variables (p value 0.00) and perceived benefit variables (p value 0.00). During the Covid-19 epidemic in Kupang Regency, the perceived barrier variable was shown to have no relationship with the implementation of health protocols. As a result, it is advised that the government continue to conduct widespread socialization by incorporating community members such as cadres, religious leaders, and community leaders. The general public must likewise follow health protocols.</p> 2021-06-18T18:00:19+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Chromium Adsorptive Removal From Industrial Wastewater Using Various Reactive Media- A Mini Review 2021-06-17T14:33:07+00:00 Gobusaone Mokokwe Emmanuel Karabo Mpodi Topoyame Isaac Makoi <p>Effluents from industries frequently contain a variety of chromium ions such as hexavalent chromium and trivalent chromium which can adversely pose threats to terrestrial and aquatic life. Hexavalent chromium is more toxic than trivalent chromium thus needs to be removed from effluents.&nbsp; Adsorption is a water and wastewater treatment technology which plays a significant role in the removal of heavy metals including chromium from effluents. In this review paper, the performance of distinct inexpensive reactive bio adsorbents and other adsorbents used by different researchers was reviewed. The findings from different studies indicated that most of the adsorbents for the removal of chromium are technically uncomplicated and mostly had outstanding performance. Factors frequently and seldom used for selection of best media for adsorption were also reviewed. Although many researchers have proven that most of the media have outstanding performance, there is still paucity of information on the effects of practical issues such as mechanical strength of media, its toxicity and leachability, abrasion on adsorption capacity. Findings also shown that sodium hydroxide is the best regeneration eluent. The findings of different studies in this review have demonstrated that different low-cost bio adsorbents can be employed in industrial wastewater treatment processes to remove chromium.</p> 2021-06-17T14:33:07+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Exploitation of Frogs in the Ouémé Valley in Benin Republic (West-Africa) 2021-06-12T14:18:25+00:00 Houénafa Aimé Chrysostome Gansa Hyppolite Agadjihouèdé Mahugnon Benjamin Hounkanrin <p>Frog meat is a dish that is becoming increasingly popular in African gastronomy. It is an excellent source of dietary protein whose exquisite taste does not leave consumers indifferent. The frogs served at the table in Benin come from capture in the wild and the method of exploitation and the pressure it exerts on the batrachofauna are still unknown. The objective of this study is to provide data on the exploitation of edible frogs in the Ouémé Valley for the raniculture of frog species threatened by capture activities. The methodology adopted consisted of subjecting individual frog catcher from the communes of Bonou, Adjohoun, Dangbo and Aguégués to a 20-minute semi-structured interview and then analysing the data collected. The frog capture activity in the Ouémé Valley is carried out by farmers, hunters and fishermen using capture equipment that varies according to the species caught. Four species of frogs are edible in the Ouémé Valley: <em>Hoplobatrachus occipitalis, Aubria subsigillata, Xenopus tropicalis </em>and <em>Xenopus. fishbergi. </em>These frogs are sold to fish marketers at a price ranging from 25 XOF to 200 XOF depending on the species and size. <em>H. occipitalis </em>is the most caught species and <em>A. subsigillata </em>is the least available. The exploitation of edible frogs in the Ouémé Valley is uncontrolled and unregulated, making its sustainability and perpetuation uncertain. An environmentally raniculture would be adequate to safeguard frogs in the Ouémé Valley and satisfy human food needs.</p> 2021-06-12T14:18:25+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Profitability Analysis Using Ratios in Selected Conventional Banks of Bangladesh: A Comparative Study 2021-06-12T14:09:32+00:00 Sultana Akter <p>Globalization, financial crisis, security and other major reasons why banking activities are growing every day. Bangladesh's banking sector is a vital component of the country's financial system.&nbsp; The analysis was conducted to assess profitability of selected conventional banks in Bangladesh by financial ratios.&nbsp; The ratio review was carried out to ascertain whether these banks are moving further and how these banks are responsible for managing development of other participants in the field. While reviewing the financial statements of the selected four banking institutions from 2015 to 2019, it was discovered that the reviewed financial statements contained secondary information. Secondary data sources provide some profitability metrics for banks, including (ROA), (ROE), (ROD), (EPS), (PER) and (NPM). For extra conclusion, mean value, standard deviation and Average Annual Growth rate (AAGR) are also used to compare profitability performance among selected banks. The study’s findings conclude that Dhaka Bank Ltd is best performing bank among the selected conventional banks. However, the study shows that AB Bank Ltd is performing worse than expected. The study's findings will help to increase the confidence and the understanding in the Bangladeshi banks regarding the financial transactions. Finally, it included a list of suggestions for improving bank profitability and efficiency.</p> 2021-06-12T14:09:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) An Overview of Integrated Health-Nutrition Service and Characteristics of Volunteer Health Workers: A Study in West Java, Indonesia 2021-06-12T13:56:15+00:00 Ali Khomsan Mira Dewi Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani <p><strong>Background: </strong>The stunting problem is still a concern and priority for WHO and countries in the world, including Indonesia. The Integrated Health-Nutrition Service in Indonesia (called Posyandu) is the closest unit to reach the community through nutrition education and health services. This study aims to analyze volunteer health workers’ characteristics and obtain an overview of Posyandu services during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study was conducted in Cirebon Regency, West Java, Indonesia. The study design used was cross-sectional. The respondents were selected purposively. The collected data includes the age, education level, working period, incentive received, participation in nutrition training, the procedure of Posyandu during the pandemic, nutritional knowledge and attitude, food habits, and household food security. The study results showed that most of the volunteer health workers aged 26-35 years with educational level from primary to high school graduates. The mean of working period was four years and receiving incentive US$2/month. In addition, most of the Posyandu were not in operation due to the Covid-19 pandemic conditions. Nutritional knowledge and attitudes of volunteer health workers were mostly high. More than half of the volunteer health workers’ households were food insecure. Conclusion: the educational levels and nutritional knowledge of Posyandu’s volunteer health workers were high, but their food security were still low. During the Covid-19 pandemic, Posyandu was not in operation. Alternative solutions to support household food security could be through utilizing the home garden for plant crops.</p> 2021-06-12T13:56:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR)