International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Multidisciplinary reputable journal: Peer reviewed, widely Indexed with Impact Factor, fast paper publication, and no deadline for paper submission. International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) en-US International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2307-4531 <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> Exploration of Synthesis and Electrical Properties of Ni0.1Mn0.4Cu0.2Cd0.3Fe2O4 Produced by Sol-Gel Auto Combustion Procedure <p>Ni<sub>0.1</sub>Mn<sub>0.4</sub>Cu<sub>0.2</sub>Cd<sub>0.3</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> has been planned to prepare by the sol-gel auto combustion procedure. From the frequency 20 Hz to the frequency 15 MHz, dielectric properties, electric modulus, impedance spectroscopy, and ac conductivity has been documented with the help of an impedance analyzer. From the graph of the real dielectric part, it has been viewed that the dielectric constant value reduces with the boost of frequency that can be elucidated through Maxwell and Wagner's two-layer theory. A lucid peak has been found in the graph of the imaginary electric modulus part that is the clear distinction between two conduction regions in the frequency area. In the impedance spectroscopy, high impedance has been monitored in the low-frequency section. Enhance of ac conductivity in the high-frequency section reveals the activity of grains over grain boundary.</p> M. Moazzam Hossen Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-04-10 2020-04-10 51 1 76 83 Islamic Religious Education Learning Strategy and Budi Pekerti in Character Planting Students in SMK Negeri 2 Depok Sleman Yogyakarta <p>Character education as a national culture in building student character. However, not all learning strategies can build student character. The purpose of this study is (1) to explain the learning strategies of Islamic religious education and manners in the cultivation of student character in SMK Negeri 2 Depok Sleman Yogyakarta, (2) describe the implementation of Islamic religious education and manners, learning strategies in the cultivation of student character in SMK Negeri 2 Depok Sleman Yogyakarta, (3) explains the results of the application of Islamic education and character education . This research is a qualitative research. This type of research is descriptive field research. The research method consists of observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis using data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing.</p> <p>The results showed that (1) the strategies used were directed learning strategies, indirect learning strategies, interactive learning strategies, experiential learning strategies, and independent learning strategies, (2) the implementation of learning strategies of Islamic religious education and manners in instilling student character is done by selecting a number of strategies that have been adapted to the material to be delivered, then supported by using several learning methods in delivering learning material, (3) students try to run and apply in daily life through habituation and try to do the best.</p> Wahyu Stiawan Husnul Fatarib Suci Hayati Fitri April Yanti Hendri Noperi Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-04-10 2020-04-10 51 1 68 75 Heat Release and Emission Analysis as an Indicator of Decreasing Cyclic Variation in Spark Ignition Engine Fueled by Gasoline Ethanol with Oxygenated Additive <p>As one component&nbsp;that may&nbsp;affect performance and emissions&nbsp;is that the&nbsp;cyclic variation if the cyclic variation&nbsp;is simply too&nbsp;large, the&nbsp;result's&nbsp;very influential on torque fluctuations&nbsp;which may&nbsp;reduce the engine driveability. This study examines the effect of gasoline bioethanol blends on a single-cylinder spark-ignition engine which is&nbsp;distributed&nbsp;by variations of fuels (E0, E5, E10, and E15) by adding 0.5 % vol/vol oxygenated cyclohexanol. The test results can improve COV<sub>IMEP</sub> in the cycle to cycle variations&nbsp;so&nbsp;torque fluctuations&nbsp;are often&nbsp;minimized&nbsp;which ends&nbsp;in improved engine performance (heat release), besides that emissions become better.</p> Setia Abikusna Bambang Sugiarto Iqbal Yamin Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-04-10 2020-04-10 51 1 55 67 Flash Flood Risk and Resilience Analysis of Tanguar Haor Adjacent Areas <p>Bangladesh faces various types of natural hazards from its birth due to geographical location and physiographic sitting. Flood is the most common event among them. North-eastern part of Bangladesh faces flash flood almost every year with large scale of damage. Tanguar Haor, a famous ramsar site of Bangladesh located in Sunamganj district. This wetland adjacent areas are the most vulnerable zone in terms of flash flood hazard. About more than 80% people are the direct victim of this hazard. This study tries to assess the risk and resilience status of flash flood using risk and resilience assessment matrix. To accomplish this research both primary and secondary data have used. Through this work the comparative view between risk and resilience status has tried to represent. That shows the actual penetration of the depth of risk reduction policy making to improve the condition and minimize the losses of flash flood in the study area.</p> Khan Towfiqul Islam Islam Md. Risadul Islam Mehrun Chy. Mansura Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-04-10 2020-04-10 51 1 84 97 An Evaluation of the Shelter Used to Accommodate Refugees at Buduburam Camp <p>Since the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), the number of refugees continues to increase worldwide due to political crisis, civil wars, and human rights violations. Reports by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) indicate that the number of displaced people keeps escalating and that since 2015 the number surpasses 1% of the world’s population. This study conducted at the Buduburam Refugee Camp near Accra – Ghana, examined emergency shelters and the security situation at the camp in order to create prototype emergency shelters aimed at making secure and comfortable accommodation available to refugees in camps. Though the total number of refugees was 42,000, a sample of 300 respondents participated in the study. Structured questionnaire survey and observations were the tools employed for the study.&nbsp; The results of the study indicated that by architectural and international humanitarian standards, shelter, sanitary, and emergency conditions in the camp were very poor and required some level of improvement to make life comfortable, healthy and secure in the camp. However, per the views of majority of the respondents, life in the camp was generally secure, and that a good relationship existed between the refugees and the Ghanaian community. Notwithstanding, there was the need for improvement in the shelter, sanitary, and emergency facilities of the camp.</p> Maryse Fortunee Madzouka Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 51 1 39 54