International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Multidisciplinary reputable journal: Peer reviewed, widely Indexed with Impact Factor, fast paper publication, and no deadline for paper submission. International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) en-US International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2307-4531 <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> Numerical Study of the Casson Non-Newtonian Fluid Flow over a Nonlinear Stretching Sheet <p>In this paper, numerical study of <u>Casson</u> non-Newtonian fluid over a nonlinear stretching sheet using shooting method will be presented. The governing nonlinear partial differential equation is converted to an ordinary differential equation&nbsp; by using similarity transformations. This ordinary differential equation is handled numerically with the use of well-known shooting technique aided by <u>Runge</u>-<u>Kutta</u> method. For comparison of the results, MATLAB in-built solver BVP4C is used. The discussion of the results is provided in the forms of tables as well as graphically.</p> Gilder Cieza Altamirano Muhammad Umar Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 48 6 193 199 The Influence of Organizational Commitment on Budgetary Slack with Career Uncertainty as Moderating Variables (In the Context of Participative Budgets Preparation) <p>This study aims to obtain an empirical evidence about the ability of career uncertainty in moderating the effect of organizational commitment on budgetary slack. This research was conducted at the Regional Government Organizations in the Gianyar Regency where the research sample was echelon III and echelon IV officials. The sampling technique uses non probability sampling with a purposive sampling method. This study uses 163 research samples. The data analysis technique used is Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). The test results provide empirical evidence that career uncertainty weakens the effect of organizational commitment on budgetary slack. This shows that the lower the organizational commitment of echelon III and echelon IV officials in the Gianyar Regency Government, the budgetary slack will be higher, especially in conditions of high career uncertainty. Based on this, the Gianyar Regency Government is expected to reduce the level of career uncertainty, so that officials involved in participatory budgeting can increase organizational commitment so that budgetary slack can be reduced.</p> Ida Ayu Sri Gayatri A. A. G. P Widanaputra I. D. G. Dharma Suputra Ni Ketut Rasmini Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 48 6 184 192 Multivariate Random Forest to Identify the Importance Variable of 8 National Education Standards toward National Examination of Student High School in Indonesia <p>Quality of human resources is one of the important aspect in terms of national development. One way that can be used to improve the quality of human resources in Indonesia is by improving the quality of the education. Therefore, the quality of education in Indonesia needs to be considered. The quality of education is the level of conformity between education implementers with the National Education Standards (SNP) in schools. One of the factors that is used to measure the level of success of SNP can be evaluated from National Examination (UN). Therefore it is necessary to do an analysis to find out the important factors of 8 SNP indicators which have a high influence on the UN results. The response variable is the average of national exam scores of the three main subjects tested. The response variables are numerical and multivariate and also have a high correlation between the scores of the three subjects. Based on these considerations, the Multivariate Random Forest (MRF) analysis method was applied. The results of the analysis that can be taken in this study are that the MRF method is able to identify the model stable even though it only uses training data with a cut off of 5%. The results of the analysis of importance variable from&nbsp; 8 variables of the national education standard toward variables of national examination scores, obtained 3 standards with the highest level of importance that are the competency standard of graduates (SKL), content standards (SI) and management standards (SPL).</p> Ardiana Alifatus Sa’adah Indahwati Indahwati Budi Susetyo Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2019-12-09 2019-12-09 48 6 174 183 Numerical Assessment of the Thermomechanical Properties of the NiTi Shape Memory Alloy <p>The paper presents a numerical assessment and characterization of Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) thermomechanical behavior using an internal variable approach-based constitutive law. A simulation study is conducted to reveal the influence of the key intrinsic properties such as shape memory effect, pseudoelastic effect, hysteresis loop, and non-constant material functions on the loading capacity and thermal actuation of SMAs. The effects of initial conditions, residual strains, and high temperatures on the behavior of SMAs are studied through several thermomechanical loading-unloading scenarios. The results give useful indications on the capability of SMA materials to fully recover large strains under thermal activation, to change their properties reversibly through phase transformation, and to serve as actuator systems for engineering control applications.</p> Belkacem Kada Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2019-12-06 2019-12-06 48 6 160 173 Students’ Perspective of Common European Framework of Reference in Kosovo <p>Communication is the main goal people learn languages and for this reason many researchers and scholars have conducted research on teaching and learning second/foreign languages. Research has shown that the learning route is the same but it depends on the difficulty of the language and the type of learner as well as learners’ abilities for languages. The opportunities people have to visit different places came up the need of having a standard of knowledge toward specific language, in our case English language. Between years 1993-1996, the European Council came up with the idea of CEFR to make it easier and more useful way of utilizing the languages across Europe. The CEFR stands for Common European Framework Reference, which is a framework that is being used recently, around the world in order to have specific evidence of learners’ proficiency of a language. It precisely shows to what level of language learners belong. It is basically divided into six levels of foreign language proficiency; A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2. Each level has its own references of language abilities. &nbsp;The way of making CEFR successful is by being aware of its usefulness, not only by teachers but by students too. Students and teachers should know their goal, and to achieve that they have to know their language level. Therefore, we want to focus on students’ information about CEFR in Britannica LC around Kosovo. The study is conducted in a private school of languages “Britannica LC” in Gjilan. They were 12 groups of students, including different ages and background. The study covered two groups for each level of languages set by CEFR; 2-A1, 2-A2, 2-B1, 2-B2, 2-C1, 2-C2. The research results showed that students were informed about levels of English depending of the book they were using and on their age. We could also figure it out that teachers were familiar with CEFR.</p> Eglantina Bilalli Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2019-12-06 2019-12-06 48 6 150 159