International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied <p style="text-align: justify;">The International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) is <strong>multidisciplinary peer reviewed Journal </strong><strong>intended to publish original research papers, and review articles in the following fields (but not limited to):</strong> anthropology, archaeology, communication, criminology, education, government, linguistics, international relations, political science, sociology, Earth science, Ecology, Oceanography, Meteorology, Life science, Human biology, Decision theory, Logic, Mathematics, Statistics, Systems theory, Theoretical computer science, Applied physics, Computer science, all Fields of engineering, Accounting, , Education, Economics, Medical Technology, Biology, Medicine, Management, History, Mineralogy, Civil Engineering, Marine Technology, Commerce, Chemical Engineering, Animal Sciences, Petroleum &amp; Gas, Energy Resources, Agriculture, Medical Sciences, Machine Learning, Machinery, computer Science, Chemistry, Neural Networks, Physics, Social Science, Geology, Transportation, Waste Management, Control Engineering, Applied Mathematics, Oceanography, Biomedical Materials, Construction, Metallurgy, Neural Computing, Industrial Arts, IT, Astronology, Fire &amp; Fire Prevention, Robotics Marine Sciences, Solid State Technology, Business Administration, Food &amp;Food Industry, Atmospheric Sciences, Artificial Intelligence, Textile Industry &amp; Fabrics, Education science, Physiology, Nano Science, Microbiology, Psychology, Statistics, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Genetics, Botany, Veterinary Sciences, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Zoology, Oncology, Accounting, Entomology, Parasitology, Evolution, human behavior, Biophysics, Fisheries, Pharmacology, Geography, Cell Biology, Genomics, Plant Biology, Law, Religious Studies, Endocrinology, Dentistry, Infectious Diseases, Toxicology, Immunology, Teacher education, and Neuroscience. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This International journal usually will provide the Editor's decision based on the peer review results <strong>within 4 weeks (28 days)</strong> from the paper submission date.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double peer review process. For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/about">About the Journal</a> page. </p> <p> </p> Mohammad Nassar for Researches (MNFR) en-US International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2307-4531 <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the <a title="Copyright Notice" href="https://www.gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/Copyright_Notice" target="_blank" rel="noopener">following terms</a>.&nbsp;</p> Rural Households’ Disposition towards Vaccination against COVID-19 Pandemic in Oyo State, Nigeria https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/16898 <p>Rural households are very important and are actually the bedrock in the drive to fight poverty, hunger, the attainment of improved gross national product (GDP) and sustainable food security. The advent of COVID-19 in 2019 really hampered peoples’ health and livelihood activities. Therefore, this study assessed the rural households’ disposition towards vaccination against COVID-19 pandemic in Oyo State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: describe socioeconomic characteristics of the rural households in the study area, identify the underpinning factors associated with the effects on livelihood activities of the rural households during COVID-19 pandemic, determine rural households’ dispositions towards COVID-19 vaccination, and identify the constraints against COVID-19 vaccination in rural areas. The hypothesis was that there is no significant relationship between constraints and rural farming households’ disposition towards vaccination against COVID-19 vaccination. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 364 core rural households. It was revealed that the mean age was 45 years. Nationality/tribe revealed that 77.7% were indigenes while 22.3% were non-indigenes. All (100%) the respondents affirmed that they got their information on COVID-19 from radio.All (100%) the respondents asserted that imposition of restrictions on movements was the actual major factor that really affected all activities in their areas. Also, all (100%) the respondents affirmed that nobody was hospitalized and there was no any case of death due to COVID-19 infection in their areas. Furthermore, all (100%) the respondents held the belief that rural people cannot contract COVID-19 at first instance, hence vaccination was not needed. Regression analysis established that constraints of trekking long distance and phobia for vaccine were significantly related to rural households’ disposition towards vaccination against covid-19 pandemic in Oyo State. Therefore, government and all health stakeholders should device strong means of persuasion to convince the rural people about the health implications and importance of vaccines and other equally crucial health improvement programmes. Rural people should also be encouraged to embrace orthodox medical practices alongside their traditional medicine.</p> Gbolahan Olukayode Oyelere Musiala Muyiwa Sadiq Oladapo Adekunle Ojoc Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 73 1 296 310 Revealing the Dominant Risk Factor for Hepatitis B in Pregnant Women at the Waena Health Center, Jayapura City https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/16875 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Hepatitis B is an infection of the Hepatitis B virus through fluids and blood. The incidence of Hepatitis B in pregnant women is influenced by the age of first marriage, ethnicity, education, occupation, parity, history of blood transfusions, history of Hepatitis B immunization, hepatitis B status of sexual partners, and family history of living in the same house. <strong>Objective</strong>: To reveal the dominant risk factor for Hepatitis B in pregnant women at the Waena Health Center, Jayapura City.<strong>Method</strong>: Type of <em>case-control study </em>with a population of 48 pregnant women. Data were obtained using questionnaires, medical records, chi-square analysis, Odds Ratio, and logistical binary regression. <strong>Results</strong>: A significant factor affecting the incidence of hepatitis B in pregnant women was the hepatitis B status of sexual partners (<em>p-value</em> 0.007; OR = 12,143; CI 95% (1,947 – 75,736). An insignificant factor with the incidence of hepatitis B in pregnant women was tribe (<em>p-value</em> 1,000; OR = 0.880), education (<em>p-value</em> 1,000; OR = 1.546), family history of living in the same house infected with hepatitis B (<em>p-value</em> 0.441; OR = 3,182), hepatitis B immunization (<em>p-value</em>1,000; OR = 1,375). The dominant factor for the incidence of hepatitis B in pregnant women is the status of Hepatitis B in sexual partners. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: The status of Hepatitis B in couples is dangerous to pregnant women and fetuses, so the prevention of Hepatitis B needs to be increased through screening for infectious diseases.</p> Hervina Kole Hasmi Novita Medyati Sarce Makaba Semuel Piter Irab Arius Togodly Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-07-09 2024-07-09 73 1 311 326 Design of a Bandpass Filter with an Absorptive Stopband for Multifeed Antenna Systems https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/16861 <p>This paper presents a filtering solution for enhanced multiband and multisource antenna systems used for space applications. Covering a large surface of the Earth necessitates numerous apertures closely spaced over a reflector antenna. Since these multi-feed systems generally employ multiple bands and multiple polarizations, these architectures induce significant coupling and consequently influence the effectiveness of the solution. The approach of signal retransmission with a controlled phase is proven to be efficient despite a delay concern. On the other hand, as shown in this paper, dissipating the reflected signal can also provide an adequate solution. For this second approach, we have synthesized a two-band filter, one passing the signal, the other absorbing it. This behaviour fits the desired antenna performance and improves the isolation between the two channels. We have designed such a filter and a comparison was made between the two approaches to investigate and derive the efficiency and benefit of each solution. A resized version of the microwave filter with dual behaviour has been manufactured and characterized for experimental verification.</p> Joe Zeidan Stephane Bila Abdallah Nasser Aurelien Perigaud Olivier Tantot Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-06-23 2024-06-23 73 1 172 180 Enhancing Arab College Students' Cross-Cultural Communication Competence https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/16831 <p>This paper examines the importance and challenges of cross-cultural communication among Arab college students. It also presents recommendations on how to improve these skills with the aim of equipping Arab tertiary students with the means to thrive in business, diplomacy, and in diverse cultural environments in an increasingly globalized world.</p> Philip Harttrup Panthayil Babu Rajan Algirdas Makarevicius Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-07-01 2024-07-01 73 1 275 285 The Analysis of Risk Causes of Building Failure Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) Method of Building Condition Index Figures In Educational Buildings https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/16814 <p>This research aims to analyze the building condition index numbers. These risk factors cause building failure using the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) method, dominant factors of risk that cause building failure, and the strategies used to minimize the risk of building failure in state asset buildings in Jember Regency. The object of research was state buildings in 3 city sub-districts in Jember Regency. This research used risk variables and building condition assessments. Data analysis used Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The research results showed that the assessment of the building's condition contained serious deterioration or damage, but the function of the building was still sufficient. The results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis include force advancement, material and labor risks, management risks and maintenance risks.</p> AI Harumain A. Ratnaningsih JW Soetjipto Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-07-01 2024-07-01 73 1 286 295