International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Multidisciplinary reputable journal: Peer reviewed, widely Indexed with Impact Factor, fast paper publication, and no deadline for paper submission. en-US <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. 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C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> (Dr. Mohamad Nasar) (Inquiries:) Mon, 24 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Determinants of Health Protocol Implementation During Covid-19 Pandemic in Kupang Regency Using the Health Belief Model Approach <p>The spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) known as Covid-19 has persisted throughout Indonesia, as well as in Kupang Regency, since it was first reported in 2020. To prevent the spread of Covid-19 in the community, efforts must be made to apply health protocols in a disciplined manner. The purpose of this study is to find out what factors are associated with the implementation of health protocols in Kupang Regency using the Health Belief model approach. This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative design. A survey using Google Forms was used to obtain data from 322 respondents in Kupang Regency. Data was collected during March to April of 2021. To determine the relationship of factors associated to the implementation of health protocols, data were examined using the Chi-Square: Fisher Test. According to the findings, the factors related to the health protocol were perceived susceptibility variables (p value 0.00) and perceived benefit variables (p value 0.00). During the Covid-19 epidemic in Kupang Regency, the perceived barrier variable was shown to have no relationship with the implementation of health protocols. As a result, it is advised that the government continue to conduct widespread socialization by incorporating community members such as cadres, religious leaders, and community leaders. The general public must likewise follow health protocols.</p> Maria G. P. Suluh, Serlie K. A. Littik, Muntasir, Mariana D. C. Lerik, Tetty Setiawaty Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Fri, 18 Jun 2021 18:00:19 +0000 Chromium Adsorptive Removal From Industrial Wastewater Using Various Reactive Media- A Mini Review <p>Effluents from industries frequently contain a variety of chromium ions such as hexavalent chromium and trivalent chromium which can adversely pose threats to terrestrial and aquatic life. Hexavalent chromium is more toxic than trivalent chromium thus needs to be removed from effluents.&nbsp; Adsorption is a water and wastewater treatment technology which plays a significant role in the removal of heavy metals including chromium from effluents. In this review paper, the performance of distinct inexpensive reactive bio adsorbents and other adsorbents used by different researchers was reviewed. The findings from different studies indicated that most of the adsorbents for the removal of chromium are technically uncomplicated and mostly had outstanding performance. Factors frequently and seldom used for selection of best media for adsorption were also reviewed. Although many researchers have proven that most of the media have outstanding performance, there is still paucity of information on the effects of practical issues such as mechanical strength of media, its toxicity and leachability, abrasion on adsorption capacity. Findings also shown that sodium hydroxide is the best regeneration eluent. The findings of different studies in this review have demonstrated that different low-cost bio adsorbents can be employed in industrial wastewater treatment processes to remove chromium.</p> Gobusaone Mokokwe, Emmanuel Karabo Mpodi, Topoyame Isaac Makoi Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Thu, 17 Jun 2021 14:33:07 +0000 Exploitation of Frogs in the Ouémé Valley in Benin Republic (West-Africa) <p>Frog meat is a dish that is becoming increasingly popular in African gastronomy. It is an excellent source of dietary protein whose exquisite taste does not leave consumers indifferent. The frogs served at the table in Benin come from capture in the wild and the method of exploitation and the pressure it exerts on the batrachofauna are still unknown. The objective of this study is to provide data on the exploitation of edible frogs in the Ouémé Valley for the raniculture of frog species threatened by capture activities. The methodology adopted consisted of subjecting individual frog catcher from the communes of Bonou, Adjohoun, Dangbo and Aguégués to a 20-minute semi-structured interview and then analysing the data collected. The frog capture activity in the Ouémé Valley is carried out by farmers, hunters and fishermen using capture equipment that varies according to the species caught. Four species of frogs are edible in the Ouémé Valley: <em>Hoplobatrachus occipitalis, Aubria subsigillata, Xenopus tropicalis </em>and <em>Xenopus. fishbergi. </em>These frogs are sold to fish marketers at a price ranging from 25 XOF to 200 XOF depending on the species and size. <em>H. occipitalis </em>is the most caught species and <em>A. subsigillata </em>is the least available. The exploitation of edible frogs in the Ouémé Valley is uncontrolled and unregulated, making its sustainability and perpetuation uncertain. An environmentally raniculture would be adequate to safeguard frogs in the Ouémé Valley and satisfy human food needs.</p> Houénafa Aimé Chrysostome Gansa, Hyppolite Agadjihouèdé, Mahugnon Benjamin Hounkanrin Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sat, 12 Jun 2021 14:18:25 +0000 Profitability Analysis Using Ratios in Selected Conventional Banks of Bangladesh: A Comparative Study <p>Globalization, financial crisis, security and other major reasons why banking activities are growing every day. Bangladesh's banking sector is a vital component of the country's financial system.&nbsp; The analysis was conducted to assess profitability of selected conventional banks in Bangladesh by financial ratios.&nbsp; The ratio review was carried out to ascertain whether these banks are moving further and how these banks are responsible for managing development of other participants in the field. While reviewing the financial statements of the selected four banking institutions from 2015 to 2019, it was discovered that the reviewed financial statements contained secondary information. Secondary data sources provide some profitability metrics for banks, including (ROA), (ROE), (ROD), (EPS), (PER) and (NPM). For extra conclusion, mean value, standard deviation and Average Annual Growth rate (AAGR) are also used to compare profitability performance among selected banks. The study’s findings conclude that Dhaka Bank Ltd is best performing bank among the selected conventional banks. However, the study shows that AB Bank Ltd is performing worse than expected. The study's findings will help to increase the confidence and the understanding in the Bangladeshi banks regarding the financial transactions. Finally, it included a list of suggestions for improving bank profitability and efficiency.</p> Sultana Akter Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sat, 12 Jun 2021 14:09:31 +0000 An Overview of Integrated Health-Nutrition Service and Characteristics of Volunteer Health Workers: A Study in West Java, Indonesia <p><strong>Background: </strong>The stunting problem is still a concern and priority for WHO and countries in the world, including Indonesia. The Integrated Health-Nutrition Service in Indonesia (called Posyandu) is the closest unit to reach the community through nutrition education and health services. This study aims to analyze volunteer health workers’ characteristics and obtain an overview of Posyandu services during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study was conducted in Cirebon Regency, West Java, Indonesia. The study design used was cross-sectional. The respondents were selected purposively. The collected data includes the age, education level, working period, incentive received, participation in nutrition training, the procedure of Posyandu during the pandemic, nutritional knowledge and attitude, food habits, and household food security. The study results showed that most of the volunteer health workers aged 26-35 years with educational level from primary to high school graduates. The mean of working period was four years and receiving incentive US$2/month. In addition, most of the Posyandu were not in operation due to the Covid-19 pandemic conditions. Nutritional knowledge and attitudes of volunteer health workers were mostly high. More than half of the volunteer health workers’ households were food insecure. Conclusion: the educational levels and nutritional knowledge of Posyandu’s volunteer health workers were high, but their food security were still low. During the Covid-19 pandemic, Posyandu was not in operation. Alternative solutions to support household food security could be through utilizing the home garden for plant crops.</p> Ali Khomsan, Mira Dewi , Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sat, 12 Jun 2021 13:56:15 +0000