International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Multidisciplinary reputable journal: Peer reviewed, widely Indexed with Impact Factor, fast paper publication, and no deadline for paper submission. en-US <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. 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Would it be logical to say the absence of love has contributed to the problem? Moreover, could the world’s shortage of pilots be directly related to the dissolution of families worldwide? If so, then could the answer to this shortage be found in morally conservative traditional families? Furthermore, has the birth control pill contributed to the dissolution of families worldwide?&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <u>Methods:</u> This qualitative metanalysis has sampled the works of 18 renowned scholars published in the social sciences with respect to families and family developmental networks. Articles of original contributions published by each scholar were examined. The purpose of this analysis is to provide a more comprehensive description of the family and an assessment of the importance of love within family developmental units. <u>Results:</u> This qualitative metanalysis finds that living in a stable family environment, offering a network of close personal relationships, promotes a sense of rootedness and community necessary for success in today’s high-tech vocational environment. This qualitative metanalysis finds that the daily family speech event ended when television invaded the home, causing catastrophic damage to family communication networks. It was these family networks that instilled the sense of rootedness and community within our young adults. Indeed, loss of family communication networks to electronic devices, has limited the family from sharing emotions of anger, joy, sorrow, fear and, yes, passion. Moreover, this qualitative metanalysis finds that the pill brought society sexual freedom no longer requiring the sanction of marriage within the family unit.<u>Conclusion:</u> This study asserts we need a new generation of parents ready to administer tough love. Moreover, “Without a return to human love … there can be no hope for the survival of the species, homo sapiens.</p> Captain Alvin Yount Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sun, 20 Sep 2020 18:27:02 +0000 Modeling and Forecasting Volatility in Pakistan Stock Exchange <p>Analysis of time series is used to develop simple models which can forecast, interpret, and analyze the result concerning its field of application. The main purpose of this study was to check and model the volatility in Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) for the near future. The stock exchange data are highly volatile and there are many factors which affect the daily market returns. A developing country like Pakistan is interfered by the conditions of International Monetary Fund (IMF), dollar fluctuations and thus, it becomes very difficult to forecast these returns due to continuous effect of above and many other factors (which are unknowns). Generally, in the presence of these factors, the naive or simple models do not perform efficiently because of their ability to model averages and thus volatility models are used which model variation in the data. We used dataset from 2<sup>nd</sup> June 2006 to 23<sup>rd</sup> August 2020 using rolling window technique and find GARCH (3,2) as best model to forecast PSX returns.</p> Muhammad Shahzeb Ali, Atiya Javed Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sun, 20 Sep 2020 18:06:44 +0000 The Role of Dynamic Capabilities Concept in SME’s Business Performance <p>The idea of dynamic capabilities with its management correlation primarily came to prominence within the paper by” (Teece, et al. 1997) as a theory to gauge organizational ability to form and attain sustainable competitive advantage. It further explained on how organizational potency is sought-after by taking a resource based view perspective with a “focus on methods for exploiting existing firm-specific assets as projected within the resource based view of the firm (RBV) Since the first broad definition of dynamic capability concept and its role in SME,s industry, sequent authors have posed different definitions because the idea of dynamic capability has evolved upon attracting substantial educational interest and thought. This research aimed at Management and Dynamic Capability Concept, Management Aptitudes and Business Performance. 200 questionnaires were disseminated to Aba city Abia State Nigeria. Responses analyzed with smart-PLS due to complexity of the survey, determining dynamic capability role, Management Aptitudes correlation and how it can foster business performance. Model description was used extensively; findings were reached with a significant result constructed.</p> Onyekachi Nehemiah Omah Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sun, 20 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Outcome of Obstetric Referrals to a Tertiary Referral Hospital in Northern Uganda <p><strong>Abstract: Objectives: </strong>To review the obstetric referrals, source of referrals, and document the maternal and perinatal outcomes. <strong>Method:</strong> A Prospective Observational study reviewed 780 eligible obstetric referrals, ≥28 week’s gestation, referred to the hospital for a period of 12 months were analyzed with SPSS version 23. The inclusion criteria were referred cases in the study period. <strong>Results:</strong> Obstetric referrals accounted for 16.3% (780/4799) of the total admissions, 43.8% were from CEMNOC sites and 32.3% from HC IVs while 57% from without Lira District, showing lacunae in the emergency obstetric care given at the HC IV levels and the districts hospital in the region. The majority or 93.5% (729) were intrapartum admissions and 98.1% (715) of these had labour outcome recorded, showing the nature of referrals. Most common diagnosis at referral was labour or complications of labour and only 4.6% had other diagnoses. The diagnoses at the time of admission were normal labour (31.0%); obstructed labour (25.1%); prolonged labour (7.1%). About 29.9% presented with more than one medical/obstetric complications, and the most common one was obstructed labour, preeclampsia, IUFD and previous caesarean section scars. The outcome of the referred cases included: 45.1% (327) vaginal delivery (either spontaneous or augmented), 54.4% (396) caesarean section, 0.5% (4) Caesarean hysterectomy, 3.1% (24) were transferred out undelivered, 1.2% (09) missing outcome while the 3.6% (28) had medical conditions were managed and discharged. There were Ten (10) maternal deaths among the referrals, during the study period and 3 were due to Obstetric hemorrhage; and behind these there were many near misses which would provide valuable information on the quality of care at the periphery facilities. Neonatal outcomes were 80.4% (627) live babies, 10.5% (82) were FSB/MSB and 10% had APGAR score ≤5 at 5 minutes of birth while 13.2% of the recorded weights were low birth. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> A wide spectrum of complicated and uncomplicated obstetric cases were referred to this hospital and majority were unjustifiable. Unavailability of comprehensive emergency obstetric care (CEMONC) was the most common reason for referrals. Most common diagnosis at the time of referral was prolonged/obstructed labour. Even today, obstetric hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality while prolonged/obstructed labour contributed to the high neonatal mortality. Majority of the referred conditions could be managed at the CEMONC sites; could this be a lacunae in the human resource and supplies to handle these cases as most referrals were unjustified.</p> Nionzima Elizabeth, Charles Otim Tom Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Mon, 14 Sep 2020 06:44:52 +0000 Examining an Employee Awards Information System: A Qualitative Study <p>The U.S. military is an organization that uses an automated system to process its members’ awards for approval, similar to other organization. Awarding members for performance has been identified as a great way to escalate job motivation and increase the feeling of inclusion and loyalty to organization and even lead to job retention. In the midst of the current environment and COVID-19 working conditions, it is even more important to show appreciation and gratitude. The U.S. military uses what is known as Global Electronic Approval Routing System (GEARS) to process these awards.&nbsp; Notwithstanding the perceived advantages of utilizing the type of framework, people have communicated uncertainties about its ability to process the administrative documentation effectively and sufficiently, and in turn leading to the opposite effect, decreased motivation and job satisfaction.&nbsp; The study examines the effect that the GEARS has on processing awards on time while applying three theories that set the conceptual framework: Herzberg's Two Factory theory, Technology Acceptance Model, and Task Technology Fit Theory.&nbsp; The study used the qualitative descriptive method in its overall approach to answer research questions regarding how GEARS is affecting the submission and approval of service members’ awards for commendable performance and behavior and how GEARS is perceived to fit the requirement to complete tasks and activities associated with processing awards. The researchers used three instruments to gather data. &nbsp;Data were collected from 15 participants using a questionnaire and interviews.&nbsp; Relevant information was also gathered from archived data and five themes emerged from the analysis of the data, which support the theories and help to provide recommendations for future success.</p> Vernell Hall, Angie Cox , Christopher Linski , Indria Guzman Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Mon, 14 Sep 2020 06:39:29 +0000