Effectiveness of Teamwork In the Workplace


  • Ashley M. Khawam Department of Psychology, Carlos Albizu University, 2173 NW 99th Avenue, Miami 33172, United States
  • Toni DiDona Department of Psychology
  • Brenda S. Hern Department of Psychology


cultural diversity, effectiveness, ethnicity, self-awareness, teamwork.


Teamwork has been a key factor in the progress, evolution, and survival of humanity. Research suggests that teamwork provides better results for organizations than individual work. Teamwork is considered one of the most effective work forms [1]. Working in teams also benefit the individual on a personal level as it fulfils needs such as social interaction and affiliation. Regardless of the profuse research validating the effectiveness teamwork brings to organizations, many management personnel still do little to build teams. The researchers explored the differences in teamwork preference across ethnicities, and the differences in self-awareness across genders. A 33-question survey was administered, thru SurveyMonkey to 225 participants across the country (n = 119 females, n = 106 males). The participants were recruited on a convenient basis utilizing snow ball sampling, and social media (Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, emails, etc.). Participants were between the ages of 18 and 80, with a total of 44% between the ages of 25-34. Most of the sample were Hispanic/Latino (56%), followed by White/Non-Hispanic (40%); while 4% represent other races. Results showed a significant difference between ethnicity and teamwork preference, while surprisingly no significant difference was found between gender and perceived self-awareness. Based on the findings, it is suggested that organizations that are open and supportive of cultural diversity in the workplace are more likely to have effective work teams.


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How to Cite

M. Khawam, A., DiDona, T., & S. Hern, B. (2017). Effectiveness of Teamwork In the Workplace. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 32(3), 267–286. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/7134