Threats Affecting Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) Population in Salt Range, Punjab, Pakistan


  • Sangam Khalil Department of Wildlife Management, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan
  • Maqsood Anwar
  • Iftikhar Hussain


Grey francolin, Habitat, Human Activities, Population, Salt Range, Threats.


Grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) is a medium size game bird, also serving as biological control agent. Population of grey francolin has declined over the time mainly due to excessive hunting and habitat destruction. Research studies have not been carried out on Grey francolin in the Salt Range and data on their biological and ecological aspects is lacking. The current study was conducted in two protected areas i.e. Chumbi Surla Wildlife Sanctuary (CSWS) and Diljabba Domeli Game Resrve (DDGR) to generate information about major threats affecting Grey francolin population in the Salt Range. Data was collected through questionnaire survey (n=100) from hunters, local people and wildlife staffs. Major threat reported in CSWS included; 38% by illegal hunting , 18 % by agriculture activities, 18% by land clearing, 06% by trade, 06% by habitat destruction, 04% by

Author Biography

Sangam Khalil, Department of Wildlife Management, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan

Ph.D scholar at Department of Wildlife Management, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi


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How to Cite

Khalil, S., Anwar, M., & Hussain, I. (2015). Threats Affecting Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) Population in Salt Range, Punjab, Pakistan. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 24(1), 386–401. Retrieved from