Bee Keeping and Coffee Production as Potential Alternative Livelihoods for Coffee Farmers in Sheema District

Authors

  • Nicodemus Bamuhangaine Bishop Stuart University, P.O.BOX 09 Mbarara, Uganda, Faculty of Agriculture, Environmental Sciences and Technology, Bishop Stuart University, Mbarara, Uganda
  • Edward Ssemakulab Faculty of Agriculture, Environmental Sciences and Technology, Bishop Stuart University, Mbarara, Uganda
  • Davidlivingstone B Bahame Faculty of Agriculture, Environmental Sciences and Technology, Bishop Stuart University, Mbarara, Uganda
  • Ferdinand Aine Faculty of Agriculture, Environmental Sciences and Technology, Bishop Stuart University, Mbarara, Uganda

Keywords:

Bee keeping, livelihoods, integration

Abstract

To ensure sustainable living standards for coffee farmers, integrating coffee plantations with bee keeping would be a potential alternative livelihood option since beekeeping contributes additional incomes from the sale of honey and other bee products without compromising coffee production. Therefore, the study aimed at assessing the contribution of integrating coffee and bee keeping to coffee farmers’ incomes, attitude and perception of farmers on integrating coffee with bee keeping, technologies coffee farmers use while  integrating coffee with bee keeping and the challenges  farmers face while integrating bee keeping. The study utilized a cross section research design and a sample of 210 respondents was chosen using simple random sampling and questionnaire, interviews and observation were used to collect primary data from the respondents.  It was established that adoption of bee keeping integration resulted in an improvement in income from 6.7% in 2020 to 7.1% in 2021 and this was statistically significant (P<0.05). Farmers had a positive perception of integrating bee keeping with coffee and majority perceived it as source of additional income, require few resources to commence, the necessary skills can be quickly transferred, hives are made from local resources and not labour intensive 210 (100%). The study findings also established that most farmers were not using innovative technologies and the major technologies farmers were using included; possession of top bar or Langstroth p=0.022, provision of supplemental feeds p=0.04 and engaging in bee pollination services and pollen collection p=0.046 as compared with the time spent while integrating bee keeping in coffee plantations.

The study further established the challenges farmers face while integrating coffee with bee keeping as; poor management skills, shortage of honey forage, diseases pests and predators, lack of awareness about valuable contribution of bees, lack of trainers and training opportunities, lack of new research information, inadequate bee keeping equipment, price fluctuations and lack of grading system, bee hive theft, weak producer organizations and lack of clear policies to protect the producers from pesticide poisoning. The study recommended provision of constant trainings, formulation of participatory policy that would encourage conservation of pollinators and farmers to be equipped with knowledge and tools to enable them to make informed decisions.

References

. Mujuni, A., Natukunda, K., & Kugonza, D. R. (2012). Factors affecting the adoption of beekeeping and associated technologies in Bushenyi District, Western Uganda. Development, 24(08), 1-19.

. Albers, H. J., & Robinson, E. J. (2011). The trees and the bees: using enforcement and income projects to protect forests and rural livelihoods through spatial joint production. Agricultural and resource economics review, 40(3), 424-438.

. Debisa, L. (2006). The roles of apiculture in vegetation characterization and household livelihoods in Walmara District, central Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, M. Sc. Thesis. Wondo Genet College of Forestry, Hawasa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia).

. Bradbear, N. (2009). Bees and their role in forest livelihoods: a guide to the services provided by bees and the sustainable harvesting, processing and marketing of their products. Non-wood Forest Products, (19).

. Lietaer, C. (2009). Impact of beekeeping on forest conservation, preservation of forest ecosystems and poverty reduction. In XIII World Forestry Congress (pp. 18-23).

. Christy, E. M. L., & Anna, M. C. (2011). An overview of honey: Therapeutic properties and contribution in nutrition and human health. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 5(8), 844-852.

. Gemeda, T. K. (2014). Integrating improved beekeeping as economic incentive to community watershed management: the case of Sasiga and Sagure Districts in Oromiya Region, Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 3(1), 52-57.

. Chaplin-Kramer, R., Dombeck, E., Gerber, J., Knuth, K. A., Mueller, N. D., Mueller, M., ... & Klein, A. M. (2014). Global malnutrition overlaps with pollinator-dependent micronutrient production. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1794), 20141799.

. Klatt, B. K., Holzschuh, A., Westphal, C., Clough, Y., Smit, I., Pawelzik, E., & Tscharntke, T. (2014). Bee pollination improves crop quality, shelf life and commercial value. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1775), 20132440.

. MAAIF, (2013). National Coffee Policy. Kampala: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry & Fisheries.

. Technoserve, (2013). Uganda: A business case for sustainable coffee production. An industry article.

. ICO, (2015). International Coffee Organisation. Sustainability of the coffee sector in Africa. ICC 114-5 Rev. 1.

. Ankole Coffee Producers Cooperative union report (2018). Sustaining farmer’s livelihoods through producing organic and quality coffee in Uganda with ready markets.

. Globefeed.com, 2014. Map Showing Mbarara And Kibingo With Distance Marker.

. Anderson, D.R., 2008. Model based inference in the life sciences: a primer on evidence (Vol. 31). New York: Springer.

. Galvan, J. L. (2013). Writing literature reviews: A guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak

. Sihombing, D. T. H. (2005). Ilmu Ternak Lebah Madu, Yogyakarta.

. Chishala, M. (2010). Conservation of woodlands Through Beekeeping Technologies. Times of Zambia. COLOSS: Prevention of honeybee colony losses. COST Action FAO 803. European Cooperation in Science and Technology, Brussels.

. Kimaro, J., Liseki, S., Mareale, W., & Mrisha, C. (2013). Enhancing rural food security through improved beekeeping in Northern Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 25(12), 1-13.

. Gebretsadik, T., & Negash, D. (2016). Honeybee production system, challenges and opportunities in selected districts of Gedeo zone, Southern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State, Ethiopia. International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, 4(4), 49-63.

. Namwata, B. M. L., Mdundo, K. J., & Malila, M. N. (2013). Potentials and challenges of beekeeping industry in Balang’dalalu Ward, Hanang’District in Manyara, Tanzania. Kivukoni Journal, 1(2), 75-93.

. Singh, B., & Sekhon, M. K. (2014). Economics of honey production in Punjab. Journal of Agricultural Development and Policy, 24(1), 85-94.

. Ejigu, K., Gebey, T., & Preston, T. R. (2009). Constraints and prospects for apiculture research and development in Amhara region, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 21(10), 172.

Downloads

Published

2023-01-22

How to Cite

Nicodemus Bamuhangaine, Edward Ssemakulab, Davidlivingstone B Bahame, & Ferdinand Aine. (2023). Bee Keeping and Coffee Production as Potential Alternative Livelihoods for Coffee Farmers in Sheema District. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 67(1), 100–118. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/15095

Issue

Section

Articles