A Literature Review of the Early Childhood Education: Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP) & Strategies

  • Zhang Huan Malaysia University of Science and Technology (MUST) Block B, Encorp Strand Garden Office, No. 12, Jalan PJU 5/5, Kota Damansara, 47810 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Jerry Chow Tong Wooi Malaysia University of Science and Technology (MUST) Block B, Encorp Strand Garden Office, No. 12, Jalan PJU 5/5, Kota Damansara, 47810 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
Keywords: Early Childhood Education (ECE), Assessment Process, Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP) & Strategies, Comparative Analysis

Abstract

Early childhood education is a broad, dynamic, and ongoing system that necessitates extensive educational planning and policy support. In terms of management, teacher training, teaching stage, curriculum articulation, and teacher employment, early childhood articulation has developed a complete system and planning system in the United States. However, kindergartens in China ignore children's development laws and characteristics, blindly adopting reading, writing, and calculation as early childhood articulation curriculum goals. The purpose of this review was to synthesize previously published research on evaluation in early childhood education (ECE) in China. To improve our understanding of evaluation in ECE in China and to make comparisons with findings from US studies, the studies covered in this review can be classified as follows: (1) studies concentrating on assessment concepts and aspects in ECE in China & US; (2) studies focusing on developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) & strategies. This paper also reviews the curriculum reform process and demonstrates the reform's strong reliance on Western early childhood education theories and practices. Based on the findings, we proposed directions for future study and practice by stating that evaluation concepts and components need to be defined and characterized more explicitly.

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Published
2022-06-04
How to Cite
Zhang Huan, & Jerry Chow Tong Wooi. (2022). A Literature Review of the Early Childhood Education: Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP) & Strategies. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 62(2), 249-264. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/14127
Section
Articles