Etiological Frequency of MDR Bacteremia and Antibiotic Resistance: Experience of the Avicenna Hospital in Marrakech

  • M. Jaimi Laboratory of microbiology and virology of Avicenna military hospital, Marrakech Faculty of medicine and pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
  • M. Miloudi Laboratory of microbiology and virology of Avicenna military hospital, Marrakech Faculty of medicine and pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
  • Y. El Kamouni Laboratory of microbiology and virology of Avicenna military hospital, Marrakech Faculty of medicine and pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
  • S. Zouhair Laboratory of microbiology and virology of Avicenna military hospital, Marrakech Faculty of medicine and pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
  • L. Arsalane Laboratory of microbiology and virology of Avicenna military hospital, Marrakech Faculty of medicine and pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Keywords: Multi drug resistant, bacteremia, Antibiogram

Abstract

This work aims to study the bacteriological profile of Multi drug resistant bacteremia, as well as the current state of their resistance to antibiotics. It is a retrospective, descriptive study, which was spread over 8 years (January 2014-December 2021), relating to hospitalized patients having a positive blood culture, confirmed at microbiological laboratory of the Avicenna Military Hospital of Marrakesh. A total of 1923 blood cultures were performed, 17% of which came back positive. 68 MDRs bacterias were isolated, which is 20% of all isolates. Enterobacteriaceae resistant to third generation cephalosporins and imipenem resistant Acinetobacter baumanii are the most frequently found MDRs bacterias with rates of 47% and 30% respectively. Hospital units are mainly represented by resuscitation-intensive care, followed by medical services. MDR bacteria represent a worrying problem underlining the need for the application of hygiene measures and the rational prescription of antibiotics.

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Published
2022-06-14
How to Cite
M. Jaimi, M. Miloudi, Y. El Kamouni, S. Zouhair, & L. Arsalane. (2022). Etiological Frequency of MDR Bacteremia and Antibiotic Resistance: Experience of the Avicenna Hospital in Marrakech. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 62(2), 435-440. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/14061
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Articles