Small Scale Irrigation and its Effect on Poverty Reduction: the Case of Shabelle River Basin Gode Woreda, Somali Region, Ethiopia

  • Dr. R. Uttama Reddy Associate professor, Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia
  • Mohamed Husein Esmael Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI), Ethiopia
Keywords: Small scale, irrigation, poverty, Gode

Abstract

This study was conducted at Gode district of Somali Region, Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to identify Small-scale irrigation use and its effect on poverty reduction. The data was collected from a total of 180 farmers by using semi-structured questionnaire. To collect the required data several methods like interview schedule, focus group discussions and key informant interviews were used. Various documents were reviewed to collect the secondary data. Descriptive statistics, inferential statistics (chi-square and t-test), frequency, percentage and econometric model analysis were used to analyze quantitative data. As the binary logistic regression model result indicates, eight variables were found to be significant namely Farming experience and membership to cooperative had significant effect on the use of irrigation water use at less than 1% probability level. Age, family size, water availability, and off-farm income had significant effect on the use of irrigation water at 5% significant level. Livestock holding size and access to credit had significant effect on the use of irrigation water use at less than 10% probability level. Water availability from rivers had a significant effect on the use of irrigation water and the main sources of irrigation water in the study area are rivers. Small scale irrigation reduces poverty by enhancing production, household consumption, annual expenditure, and by increasing employment. It is recommended that the concerned bodies such as government, NGO and other stakeholders should emphasis on construction of new canals and maintenance of existing canals so as to improve the performance of small scale irrigation.

References

Woldemariyam and Gecho, 2017). Determinants of Small-Scale Irrigation Use: The Case of Boloso Sore District, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 5(3), 49-59.

Fróna, D., Szenderák, J., & Harangi-Rákos, M. (2019). The challenge of feeding the world. Sustainability, 11(20), 5816.

MoA. Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources Management Directorates. (2011). Situation Analysis and Capacity Needs Assessment of Small-Scale Irrigation, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

(Ayalew, 2018) Theoretical and empirical review of Ethiopian water resource potentials, challenges and future development opportunities. International Journal of Waste Resources, 8(4).

Agide, Z., Haileslassie, A., Sally, H., Erkossa, T., Schmitter, P. S., Langan, S. J., & Hoekstra, D. (2016). Analysis of water delivery performance of smallholder irrigation schemes in Ethiopia: Diversity and lessons across schemes, typologies and reaches.

Fikirie, K., Tesfaye, Y., & Tesema, E. (2016). Gender Dynamics in Small Scale Irrigation Agriculture among Smallholder Farmers in Lume District in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Journal of Culture, Society and Development, 24.

Yihdego, A. G., Gebru, A. A., & Gelaye, M. T. (2015). The impact of small-scale irrigation on income of rural farm households: Evidence from Ahferom Woreda in Tigray, Ethiopia. International Journal of Business and Economics Research, 4(4), 217-228.

Awulachew, S. B., Erkossa, T., & Namara, R. E. (2010). Irrigation potential in Ethiopia. Constraints and Opportunities for Enhancing the System; International Water Management Institute: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

ESRSIA (Ethiopian Somali Regional State Investment Agency). (2013). Investment Opportunities Guideline. Jigjiga Ethiopia: Hodan Journal.

Tulu, H. (2014). The Effects of Small Scale Irrigation on Rural Households’ Income: The Case of Adami Tulu Jido Kombolcha District, Oromia National Regional State. A M. Sc (Doctoral dissertation, thesis Submitted to Department of Agricultural Economics School of Graduate Studies Haramaya University (HU)).

Caliendo, M., & Kopeinig, S. (2008). Some practical guidance for the implementation of

propensity score matching. Journal of economic surveys, 22(1), 31-72.

Hadush, H. (2014). Adoption and impact of micro irrigation on household income: The case of Eastern Tigray (Doctoral dissertation, Mekelle University).

Adugna, E., & Sileshi, M. (2013). Determinants of poverty in (agro-) pastoral societies of Southern Ethiopia. Livest. Res. Rural Dev, 25, 20.

Bacha, D., Namara, R., Bogale, A., & Tesfaye, A. (2011). Impact of small‐scale irrigation on household poverty: empirical evidence from the Ambo district in Ethiopia. Irrigation and Drainage, 60(1), 1-10.

Ravallion, M. (2009). Evaluation in the Practice of Development. The World Bank

Research Observer, 24(1), 29-53.

Khandker, S. R., Bakht, Z., & Koolwal, G. B. (2009). The poverty impact of rural roads: Evidence from Bangladesh. Economic development and cultural change, 57(4), 685-722.

Dehejia, R. H., & Wahba, S. (2002). Propensity score-matching methods for nonexperimental causal studies. Review of Economics and statistics, 84(1), 151-161.

Ichino, A., Mealli, F., & Nannicini, T. (2008). From temporary help jobs to permanent employment: what can we learn from matching estimators and their sensitivity?. Journal of applied econometrics, 23(3), 305-327.

Nannicini, T. (2007). Simulation-based sensitivity analysis for matching estimators. The stata journal, 7(3), 334-350.

Haji, J., Aman, M., & Hailu, T. (2013). Impact analysis of Mede Telila small scale irrigation scheme on house poverty alleviation: case of Gorogutu District in eastern Haratghe Oromia National Regional State Ethiopia. International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, 1(1), 15-30.

MoFED (2013). Development and Poverty in Ethiopia 1995/96-2010/11. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Published
2022-06-23
How to Cite
Dr. R. Uttama Reddy, & Mohamed Husein Esmael. (2022). Small Scale Irrigation and its Effect on Poverty Reduction: the Case of Shabelle River Basin Gode Woreda, Somali Region, Ethiopia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 62(2), 479-495. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/14022
Section
Articles