Psychological Analysis of Moral Interpretations in the Field of Religiosity (Emphasis on Eric Berne's Theory of Reciprocal Behavior Analysis)

  • Mohammad Sadegh Beheshti PhD Allameh Tabataba'i University, School of Political Sciences, Dehkade-ye Olampik 1489684511, Tehran, Iran
  • Arya Khomami Master of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Kensington 2018, Sydney, Australia
Keywords: Morality, Religion, Reading, Parental religiosity, Child-centered religiosity, Adult religiosity

Abstract

The present article focuses on the psychological theory of Eric Berne's analysis of the interaction of behavior and the triad of "child", parent, and adult’s ego in analyzing how moral interpretations emerge in the field of religiosity. In this regard, by identifying three types of parental religiosity (blame and support), child-centered (adaptive, natural, and intuitive), and "adult" has analyzed these readings. In reprehensible parental religiosity, morality finds imitative and irrational aspects, and in the moral interpretation of the religious text, "fear of the religious parent" plays a significant role, but in parental (supportive) religiosity, moral readings focus on calming and soothing the individual "child". In child-centered (adaptive) religiosity, the primary motivation for a person to make moral statements is primarily due to his desire to receive the promised rewards (such as heavenly blessings) in the holly book. In child-centered (natural) religiosity, we encounter a reductionist moral reading of religion that takes place in the direction of openly acknowledging and explicitly acknowledging one's "now" Like the other two types of child-centered religiosity, moral reading in child-centered religiosity is central to "feeling", with the difference that the mentioned reading is justified by scientific language. The final form of religiosity is "adult" religiosity, in which the power of reason and the interpreter's intellect form the focus of moral readings. "Wisdom" is the common denominator of "adult" religiosity and the ethical dimension of religion. Hence, it is only in this kind of religiosity that its believers, in their true sense, have a moral character and conduct.

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Published
2022-05-22
How to Cite
Mohammad Sadegh Beheshti PhD, & Khomami, A. (2022). Psychological Analysis of Moral Interpretations in the Field of Religiosity (Emphasis on Eric Berne’s Theory of Reciprocal Behavior Analysis). International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 62(2), 162-176. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/14001
Section
Articles