Factors Associated with the Incidence of Anemia in Female Students at SMA Negeri I Jayapura in 2018
Keywords:Risk factors, anemia, female students, high school
Background: Anemia is a condition in which the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the body is lower than usual. Adolescent girls are more likely to develop anemia as a result of their dietary habits, nutritional status, nutrient consumption, viral infections, and menstrual patterns. In 2007, the frequency of anemia among adolescent girls in Jayapura city was 16.7%. Objectives: The goal of this study was to learn about the factors that contributed to anemia among female students at SMA Negeri I Jayapura in 2018. Methods: Analytic descriptive research with a cross sectional method is the sort of investigation. There were 83 students in grades XI and XII that participated in the study. Data were analyzed using the Pearson Correlation test. Result: The results of the analysis showed that there was a relationship between iron intake (p = 0.001), energy intake (p = 0.000), and protein intake (p = 0.002) with the incidence of anemia. Whereas there was no significant correlation between vitamin C intake (p = 0.702), nutritional status (p = 0.711), and pocket money (p = 0.340) with the incidence of anemia among female students in SMA Negeri I Jayapura in 2018.
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