Drug Rehabilitation Program From the Lens of Surrenderees
Keywords:rehabilitation, surrenderees, illegal drugs, center-based program, defense mechanism
The study was conducted to determine the factors influencing the use of illegal drugs among surrenderees to provide recommendations on what program(s) to implement for rehabilitation. Using a questionnaire, 101 surrenderees of Barangay Cabinuangan, New Bataan, Davao de Oro were surveyed and interviewed. Focus Group Discussion and Key Informant Interview were also employed. The method used was descriptive-exploratory. Frequencies and percentages were used to describe the socio-demographic profile of the respondents. Moreover, the mean was used to measure the level of perceptions of the surrenderees regarding the factors that influence them to use illegal drugs, such as family-related factors, psychological factors, and environmental factor. Thematic analysis was used for the FGD and KII. Results showed that most surrenderees were between the ages 19 to 25 years old, male, single, college level, and unemployed. Those employed surrenderees had an average monthly income of less than Php8,000. The majority started using illegal drugs between 19 to 25 years old and used it for more than a year. Methamphetamine hydrochloride or shabu were commonly used. The surrenderees’ relationship with their parents and peers, curiosity, and defense mechanism to escape from their negative feelings like personal problems contributed to why they used illegal drugs. The “Pakikibahagi ng Pamilya (Family Involvement) Program” and “Kilos Pagbabago para sa Surrenderees (Bringing Change for the Surrenderers)” were the proposed program interventions for the surrenderees. A center-based programs that will be facilitated by experienced Social Workers, Nurses, and Pastors from the Municipal Spiritual Development and Values Restoration (MSDVR).
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