Herbarium – Biodiversity of UAE


  • Madhulika Manoharan Gems Our Own English High School, Dubai


biodiversity, plant species, indigenous species, herbarium, plant conservation


Plant biodiversity is a key component of a stable ecosystem that helps support life. The changing environmental conditions may have a huge effect on the plant ecosystem. Periodic studies of plant species and their adaptations may help conserve the biodiversity of UAE. Herbarium is a form of documentation of plant species living in a specific geographical area at a particular point in time. This study has attempted to document the flora of Dubai and its surroundings during the height of the pandemic in 2020 and obtain a record of its indigenous species surviving the harsh desert environment. The plants collected were recorded, classified and their statistics obtained. A total of 72 indigenous specious were documented and analyzed among which there were 7 species of trees, 28 species of shrubs, 27 species of herbs and 10 species of grasses. The indigenous species collected were studied individually in further detail and their utilization by the community was recorded. This herbarium is an exhaustive work featuring all possible indigenous species in UAE. It documents the ecology of UAE for future reference and to study and possibly prevent the damaging effects of global warming and rapid urbanization.


. UAE National Authorities. “Country report – The State of The United Arab Emirates Biodiversity For Food And Agriculture.” Internet: www.fao.org/3/CA3453EN/ca3453en.pdf 2020[Oct 25, 2021]

. Boer, B. & Chaudhary, S.A. “ New records for the flora of the United Arab Emirates.” Willdenowia 29: 159-65, 1999.

. Shahid. M and Nanduri, K.R. “The New Records for the Flora of the United Arab Emirates.” in Description and Conservation of Arabian Biodiversity, 2016 (Conference Poster)

. SCBD. “Convention on Biological Diversity”. Internet: www.cbd.int/countries/profile/?country=ae 2020[Oct 27,2021]

. Ali El- Keblawy and Tamer Khafaga. “Impacts of Surviving and Dead Shrubs and Grasses on Floral Diversity and Community Structure of Sandy Dunes of UAE” Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve Research Article, 2011

. Christopher Tourenq, Frederic Launay. “Challenges facing biodiversity in the United Arab Emirates”. Management of Environmental Quality – An International Journal 19(3): 283-304, April 2008

. Emirates Nature/ WWF. “Preventing Biodiversity loss [Why we need your support to protect UAE’s fragile ecosystems].” Internet: www.emiratesnaturewwf.ae/en/stories/preventing-biodiversity-loss-why-we-need-your-support-to-protect-uaes-fragile-ecosystems, Nov. 28, 2018[Oct 27, 2021]

. Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve. “Flora & Fauna – Explore plants.” Internet: www.ddcr.org/FloraFauna/Level0.aspx?Class=Plants&Id=1, 2022[Feb 7, 2022]

. Jacob Thomas, Herbarium, Dept. of Botany & Microbiology, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA. “Flora of Saudi Arabia” Internet: https://plantdiversityofsaudiarabia.info/Biodiversity-Saudi-Arabia/Flora/Flora.htm , Nov 23, 2020[Feb 7, 2022]

. Abdel Bary, “Flora of Qatar”. Internet: http://www.floraofqatar.com/, 2013[Feb 7, 2022]

. Mary E. Barkworth and Zack E. Murrell, July 20, 2012. “The US virtual herbarium: working with individual herbaria to build a national resource.[Online] (209) Pg. 55-73. Available: https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles [Feb 7, 2022]

. Melissa Petruzzelo “Herbarium botanical collection” Internet: https://britannica.com/science/herbarium-botany May 16, 2017 [Feb 7, 2022]




How to Cite

Madhulika Manoharan. (2023). Herbarium – Biodiversity of UAE. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 67(2), 153–159. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/13684