Sorption of Phosphate onto Surfactant-Modified Zeolite Particles

  • Syaifuddin Doctoral Program of Agricultural Science, Postgraduate Program, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jalan Jend. A. Yani KM 36 Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia,Department of Soil, Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jalan Jend. A. Yani KM 36 Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
  • Raihani Wahdah Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jalan Jend. A. Yani KM 36 Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
  • Abdullah Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Math and Natural Science, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jalan Jend. A. Yani KM 36 Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
  • Akhmad R. Saidy Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University, Jalan Jend. A. Yani KM 36 Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
Keywords: desorption, Langmuir isotherm, surface charges, substitute isomorphic, ionic bonding


Slow-release phosphorous (P) fertilizer is basically considered as an approach to increase the efficiency of P fertilization on agricultural lands. This study aimed to examine the effect of pH solutions (3.5, 7, 9 and 11), contact times (10, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 minutes), and solid-solution ratios (1:500 , 1:1000, and 1:1500) on the capability of zeolite as a material for the development of slow-release fertilizers for absorbing phosphate ions. The surface of natural zeolite was chemically modified through surfactant addition (hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide - C9H42BrN or HDTMABr), and the capability of surfactant-modified zeolite (SMZ) to adsorb phosphate ions was studied through batch experiments. Results of the study showed that pH solution affected the sorption of phosphate ions onto SMZ, in which pH solution of 5.0 showed high P adsorption and was below the pHpzc of SMZ. The amount of adsorbed P onto SMZ does not vary based on changes in contact time. Result of the study also revealed that the maximum sorption capacity (Qmax) of phosphate ions onto SMZ increases with increasing solid-solution ratios. Results of this study show that SMZ may potentially be used as an material for the development of slow-release P fertilizers, in which the pH solution and solid-solution ratio control the amount of sorbed P onto SMZ.


M. Arif et al., "Biochar improves phosphorus use efficiency of organic-inorganic fertilizers, maize-wheat productivity and soil quality in a low fertility alkaline soil," Field Crops Research, vol. 214, pp. 25-37, 2017, doi:

J. Xu et al., "Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi influence decomposition and the associated soil microbial community under different soil phosphorus availability," Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 120, pp. 181-190, 2018, doi:

H. Etesami, "Enhanced Phosphorus Fertilizer Use Efficiency with Microorganisms," in Nutrient Dynamics for Sustainable Crop Production, R. Meena Ed. Singapore: Springer, 2020.

Z. Jia, S. Hao, and X. Lu, "Exfoliated Mg–Al–Fe layered double hydroxides/polyether sulfone mixed matrix membranes for adsorption of phosphate and fluoride from aqueous solutions," Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 70, pp. 63-73, 2018, doi:

A. Mahato et al., "Role of calcium phosphate and bioactive glass coating on in vivo bone healing of new Mg–Zn–Ca implant," Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 32, no. 5, p. 55, 2021, doi:

M. R. Awual, "Efficient phosphate removal from water for controlling eutrophication using novel composite adsorbent," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 228, pp. 1311-1319, 2019, doi:

L. Fang, W. Zeng, L. Xu, and L.-Z. Huang, "Green rusts as a new solution to sequester and stabilize phosphate in sediments under anoxic conditions and their implication for eutrophication control," Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 388, p. 124198, 2020, doi:

C. Weihrauch and C. J. Weber, "Phosphorus enrichment in floodplain subsoils as a potential source of freshwater eutrophication," Science of The Total Environment, vol. 747, p. 141213, 2020, doi:

J. J. Weeks Jr and G. M. Hettiarachchi, "A review of the latest in phosphorus fertilizer technology: Possibilities and pragmatism," Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1300-1313, 2019, doi:

F. Wahid et al., "Sustainable management with mycorrhizae and phosphate solubilizing bacteria for enhanced phosphorus uptake in calcareous soils," Agriculture, vol. 10, no. 8, 2020, doi:

S. Przybyłko, W. Kowalczyk, and D. Wrona, "The effect of mycorrhizal fungi and PGPR on tree nutritional status and growth in organic apple production," Agronomy, vol. 11, no. 7, 2021, doi:

S. Varinderpal et al., "Optical sensing and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for improving fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiencies in maize," Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 2087-2098, 2020, doi:

X. Li et al., "Enhanced phosphate removal from aqueous solution using resourceable nano-CaO2/BC composite: Behaviors and mechanisms," Science of The Total Environment, vol. 709, p. 136123, 2020, doi:

C. Wan et al., "Simultaneous recovery of nitrogen and phosphorus from sludge fermentation liquid by zeolite adsorption: Mechanism and application," Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 180, pp. 1-12, 2017, doi:

S. Li et al., "Strategies to control zeolite particle morphology," Chemical Society Reviews, 10.1039/C8CS00774H vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 885-907, 2019, doi: DOI

P. Rożek, M. Król, and W. Mozgawa, "Geopolymer-zeolite composites: A review," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 230, pp. 557-579, 2019, doi:

H. Wang, J. Xu, and L. Sheng, "Purification mechanism of sewage from constructed wetlands with zeolite substrates: A review," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 258, p. 120760, 2020, doi:

N. S. Samanta, S. Banerjee, P. Mondal, Anweshan, U. Bora, and M. K. Purkait, "Preparation and characterization of zeolite from waste Linz-Donawitz (LD) process slag of steel industry for removal of Fe3+ from drinking water," Advanced Powder Technology, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 3372-3387, 2021, doi:

H. Aloulou, A. Ghorbel, W. Aloulou, R. Ben Amar, and S. Khemakhem, "Removal of fluoride ions (F−) from aqueous solutions using modified Turkish zeolite with quaternary ammonium," Environmental Technology, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 1353-1365, 2021, doi:

H. N. Tran, P. V. Viet, and H.-P. Chao, "Surfactant modified zeolite as amphiphilic and dual-electronic adsorbent for removal of cationic and oxyanionic metal ions and organic compounds," Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 147, pp. 55-63, 2018, doi:

Y. Zhan, H. Zhang, J. Lin, Z. Zhang, and J. Gao, "Role of zeolite's exchangeable cations in phosphate adsorption onto zirconium-modified zeolite," Journal of Molecular Liquids, vol. 243, pp. 624-637, 2017, doi:

A. N. Ejhieh and N. Masoudipour, "Application of a new potentiometric method for determination of phosphate based on a surfactant-modified zeolite carbon-paste electrode (SMZ-CPE)," Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 658, no. 1, pp. 68-74, 2010, doi:

J. Schick, P. Caullet, J.-L. Paillaud, J. Patarin, S. Freitag, and C. Mangold-Callarec, "Phosphate uptake from water on a Surfactant-Modified Zeolite and Ca-zeolites," Journal of Porous Materials, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 405-414, 2012, doi:

J. Gao et al., "Preparation of a new low-cost substrate prepared from drinking water treatment sludge (DWTS)/bentonite/zeolite/fly ash for rapid phosphorus removal in constructed wetlands," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 261, p. 121110, 2020, doi:

Y. He, H. Lin, Y. Dong, and L. Wang, "Preferable adsorption of phosphate using lanthanum-incorporated porous zeolite: Characteristics and mechanism," Applied Surface Science, vol. 426, pp. 995-1004, 2017, doi:

D. Guaya, C. Valderrama, A. Farran, C. Armijos, and J. L. Cortina, "Simultaneous phosphate and ammonium removal from aqueous solution by a hydrated aluminum oxide modified natural zeolite," Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 271, pp. 204-213, 2015, doi:

N. S. Dionisiou, T. Matsi, and Ν. D. Misopolinos, "Phosphorus Adsorption–Desorption on a Surfactant-Modified Natural Zeolite: A Laboratory Study," Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol. 224, no. 1, p. 1362, 2012, doi:

H. R. Zebardast, M. Pawlik, S. Rogak, and E. Asselin, "Potentiometric titration of hematite and magnetite at elevated temperatures using a ZrO2-based pH probe," Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 444, pp. 144-152, 2014, doi:

G. L. Dimas Rivera et al., "Removal of chromate anions and immobilization using surfactant-modified zeolites," Journal of Water Process Engineering, vol. 39, p. 101717, 2021, doi:

M. S. Onyango, J. Kittinya, N. Hadebe, V. O. Ojijo, and A. Ochieng, "Sorption of melanoidin onto surfactant modified zeolite," Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 385-395, 2011.

P. Ghomashi, A. Charkhi, M. Kazemeini, and T. Yousefi, "Removal of fluoride from wastewater by natural and modified nano clinoptilolite zeolite," Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 270-282, 2020, doi:

G. C. Velazquez-Peña, M. Solache-Ríos, and V. Martínez-Miranda, "Competing effects of chloride, nitrate, and sulfate ions on the removal of fluoride by a modified zeolitic tuff," Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol. 226, no. 1, p. 2236, 2014, doi:

Q. Cai, B. D. Turner, D. Sheng, and S. Sloan, "The kinetics of fluoride sorption by zeolite: Effects of cadmium, barium and manganese," Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, vol. 177-178, pp. 136-147, 2015, doi:

S. L. Tisdale, W. L. Nelson, and J. D. Beaton, Soil Fertility and Fertilizer, 4th Edition ed. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1990.

P. M. Nekhunguni, N. T. Tavengwa, and H. Tutu, "Sorption of uranium(VI) onto hydrous ferric oxide-modified zeolite: Assessment of the effect of pH, contact time, temperature, selected cations and anions on sorbent interactions," Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 204, pp. 571-582, 2017, doi:

S. L. Hailu, B. U. Nair, M. Redi-Abshiro, I. Diaz, and M. Tessema, "Preparation and characterization of cationic surfactant modified zeolite adsorbent material for adsorption of organic and inorganic industrial pollutants," Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 3319-3329, 2017, doi:

J. Hrenovic, M. Rozic, L. Sekovanic, and A. Anic-Vucinic, "Interaction of surfactant-modified zeolites and phosphate accumulating bacteria," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 156, no. 1, pp. 576-582, 2008, doi:

X. Li, Y. Kuang, J. Chen, and D. Wu, "Competitive adsorption of phosphate and dissolved organic carbon on lanthanum modified zeolite," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 574, pp. 197-206, 2020, doi:

L. Gao, C. Zhang, Y. Sun, and C. Ma, "Effect and mechanism of modification treatment on ammonium and phosphate removal by ferric-modified zeolite," Environmental Technology, vol. 40, no. 15, pp. 1959-1968, 2019, doi:

J. Feng, L. Jiang, B. Yuan, L. Zhang, and A. Zhang, "Enhanced removal of aqueous phosphorus by Zr–Fe-, Mn–Fe-, and Mn–Zr–Fe-modified natural zeolites: comparison studies and adsorption mechanism," Environmental Engineering Science, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 572-584, 2020, doi:

J. Xie, C. Li, L. Chi, and D. Wu, "Chitosan modified zeolite as a versatile adsorbent for the removal of different pollutants from water," Fuel, vol. 103, pp. 480-485, 2013, doi:

J. Goscianska, M. Ptaszkowska-Koniarz, M. Frankowski, M. Franus, R. Panek, and W. Franus, "Removal of phosphate from water by lanthanum-modified zeolites obtained from fly ash," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 513, pp. 72-81, 2018, doi:

J. M. Phillippi, V. A. Loganathan, M. J. McIndoe, M. O. Barnett, T. P. Clement, and E. E. Roden, "Theoretical solid/solution ratio effects on adsorption and transport: uranium(VI) and carbonate," Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 329-335, 2007, doi:

T. Cheng, M. O. Barnett, E. E. Roden, and J. Zhuang, "Effects of solid-to-solution ratio on uranium(VI) adsorption and its implications," Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 3243-3247, 2006, doi:

R. Nagar, D. Sarkar, K. C. Makris, and R. Datta, "Effect of solution chemistry on arsenic sorption by Fe- and Al-based drinking-water treatment residuals," Chemosphere, vol. 78, no. 8, pp. 1028-1035, 2010, doi:

L. H. Vaas, R. N. J. Comans, H. A. Das, J. M. M. Reith, and C. H. van der Weijden, "Isotopically exchangeable phosphate in freshwater sediments: Effects of u.v.-irradiation, formaldehyde, solid/solution ratio, and pH on its experimental determination," Water Research, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1135-1142, 1987, doi:

W. Zheng, M. Guo, T. Chow, D. N. Bennett, and N. Rajagopalan, "Sorption properties of greenwaste biochar for two triazine pesticides," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 181, no. 1, pp. 121-126, 2010, doi:

J. Zhou, S. Chen, J. Liu, and R. L. Frost, "Adsorption kinetic and species variation of arsenic for As(V) removal by biologically mackinawite (FeS)," Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 354, pp. 237-244, 2018, doi:

How to Cite
Syaifuddin, Raihani Wahdah, Abdullah, & Akhmad R. Saidy. (2022). Sorption of Phosphate onto Surfactant-Modified Zeolite Particles . International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 61(1), 87-99. Retrieved from