Contrastive Analysis of Macedonian Discourse Marker Znaeš and the English You know in Spoken Interaction


  • Edona Vinca Mother Teresa University, Mirce Acev, 4, 1000, Skopje, North Macedonia


discourse marker, you know, znaeš, politeness, Speech Act, conversation analysis, pragmatics, discourse analysis


This paper provides a comparative analysis of discourse markers you know in English and znaeš in Macedonian. Although it belongs to the inventory of discourse markers that have received due attention in English scholarship and thus represents one of the most analyzed discourse markers, its Macedonian equivalent has remained largely understudied in the context of spoken interaction. Therefore, the existing research on you know may serve as a basic framework for contrastive analyses of interpersonal functions of its functional counterparts in other languages. The main hypothesis underlying our investigation is that in both languages the markers have a common basic function: appealing to common knowledge and thus marking interpersonal relationships. To prove the hypothesis we conduct an analysis using data collected from authentic telephone conversations in Macedonian whereby determining the interpersonal functions of znaeš and comparing them to the functions of you know. The results confirm the main hypothesis and support the distinction of several functions of znaeš in everyday conversation.


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How to Cite

Vinca, E. (2021). Contrastive Analysis of Macedonian Discourse Marker Znaeš and the English You know in Spoken Interaction. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 60(4), 293–303. Retrieved from