Growth and Yield of Open Pollinated Young Corn (Zea mayz Linn.) as Influenced by Different Levels of Mykovam® Bio-fertilizer

  • Orlan Amba College of Agriculture,Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Mindanao State University Marawi City 9700 Philippines
  • Juliet C. Bangi College of Agriculture,Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Mindanao State University Marawi City 9700 Philippines
  • Emma M. Sabado College of Agriculture,Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Mindanao State University Marawi City 9700 Philippines
  • Adley L. Masnar College of Agriculture,Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Mindanao State University Marawi City 9700 Philippines
  • Gerlie S. Jambaro College of Agriculture,Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Mindanao State University Marawi City 9700 Philippines
  • Mobarak D. Hadji Amin College of Agriculture,Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Mindanao State University Marawi City 9700 Philippines
Keywords: OPV young Corn, Mykovam®, Bio-Fertilizer, Yield Performance, Mycorrhizae

Abstract

Mykovam® bio-fertilizer was tested to evaluate the effects and performance on the growth and yield of open-pollinated variety (OPV) young corn. The result of the study showed that OPV corn fertilized with mixed Mykovam®, and inorganic fertilizer at one-half recommended rate, (T5) has the highest plant height of 282.40 cm, and the number of leaves at 50 days after planting (DAP) but did not differ significantly with T4 fertilized plants. The number of days to tasseling and silking was shorter in T4 and T5 OPV corn plants at 57 days and got the highest number of corn ears per plant of 1.37 and 1.57, respectively. The average weight of corn cobs, ten samples per treatment was recorded at T5 (1/2 RR Mykovam® + ½ RR Inorganic) with a mean value of 1.23 kg followed by Treatment 4 applied with the recommended rate of chemical fertilizer with 1.07 kg of weight. The shortest plants, the lowest number of corn leaves, the highest number of days to tasseling and silking, and the least corn ears/plant were from the unfertilized plot (T0) which did not differ statistically with plants fertilized with Mykovam® bio-fertilizer.  Mykovam bio-fertilizer application can help in reducing the amount of inorganic fertilizer but the lone application of Mykovam® bio-fertilizer on OPV corn has less effect due to the shorter period of study and considering the soil has low phosphorous based on the result of soil analysis. Economic analysis showed the highest yield of young cobs was recorded in T5 (1/2 RR Mykovam® + ½ RR Inorganic), while the lowest net income was obtained in T2 applied with 500 kg/ha of Mykovam® bio-fertilizer.

Author Biography

Gerlie S. Jambaro, College of Agriculture,Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Mindanao State University Marawi City 9700 Philippines
DSA, Associate Professor V at Mindanao State University-Marawi City- Philippines

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Published
2022-06-16
How to Cite
Orlan Amba, Juliet C. Bangi, Emma M. Sabado, Adley L. Masnar, Gerlie S. Jambaro, & Mobarak D. Hadji Amin. (2022). Growth and Yield of Open Pollinated Young Corn (Zea mayz Linn.) as Influenced by Different Levels of Mykovam® Bio-fertilizer. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 62(2), 448-459. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/13544
Section
Articles