Local Colleges and Universities Faculty Needs Assessment: A Study Toward Proposed Faculty Program

  • Franco A. Quodala Research and Extension Office, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa, University Road, Poblacion, Muntinlupa City 1776, Philippines
  • Rowena G. Dela Cruz Research and Extension Office, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa, University Road, Poblacion, Muntinlupa City 1776, Philippines
  • Elena E. Presnedi Office of the University President, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa, University Road, Poblacion, Muntinlupa City 1776, Philippines
  • Emily V. Acero Office of the University President, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa, University Road, Poblacion, Muntinlupa City 1776, Philippines
Keywords: Colleges, Universities, Faculty, Students, Needs Assessment, Pandemic


To devise with a proposed faculty program, this study assessed the faculty needs of local colleges and universities in the Philippines. With a total of 47 ALCU (Association of Local Colleges and Universities) members, who participated in this study, a descriptive research utilizing the IPO (Input-Process-Output) framework was conceptualized. It was found out that LCUs (Local Colleges and Universities) are in-need of further evaluation especially when it comes to budget, trainings and development. The demand for assessment is to ensure capability of faculty and staff in analyzing their efficiency and effectiveness in the synchronous and asynchronous classes. The current pandemic affected the stability and growth of the institution. Therefore, it is highly recommended that key points in the development and enhancement should be taken into consideration, such as faculty and staff trainings, technological and physical infrastructure, and with equal importance also to the status of the moral and mental health of teachers and students.


FutureLearn (2021). Lockdown Extension in the Philippines: How is Education Being Affected? (retrieved from: https://www.futurelearn.com/info last June 5, 2021).

CNN (2020). Metro Manila to be Placed on ‘Lockdown due to COVID-19. (retrieved from: https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/3/12/ last June 5, 2021)

The Head Foundation, (2020). The Philippines – COVID-19 and Its Impact on Higher Education in the Philippines. (retrieved from: http://headfoundation.org/2020/06/04/covid-19 last June 4, 2021).

C. Modesto (2020). Over 3,000 Contractual Staff to be Displaced, around 50,000 Might Not Enroll in State Universities and Colleges due to Pandemic. CNN Philippines (retrieved from: https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/9/10/contractual) last June 4, 2021).

https://unifast.gov.ph/pdf/hei.pdf (retrieved last July 5, 2021)

F. Cervantes (2021). House Approves P401-B Bayanihan 3 (retrieved from: https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1142204 last July 22, 2021)

QuestionPro. (2021). Convenience Sampling: Definition, Applications, Advantages, Method, and Examples. (retrieved from: https://www.questionpro.com/blog/convenience-sampling last June 4, 2021)

P. Lavrakas (2008). Convenience Sampling. Research Methods. Sage DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412963947.n105

https://www.dti.gov.ph/regions/ncr/profile (retrieved last July 12, 2021)

https://www.alcucoa.org.ph/members (retrieved last July 12, 2021)

M.A. Llego (2021). 5 Reasons Why Teachers Should Pursue a Master’s Degree in Education. Teacherph. (retrieved from https://www.teacherph.com/ last November 08, 2021).

L. McKenna (2013). Why Aren’t More Ph.D.s Teaching in Public Schools? The Atlantic. The Atlantic Monthly Group.

J. Cullinan, D. Flannery, J. Harold, et al. The disconnected: COVID-19 and disparities in access to quality broadband for higher education students. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 18, 26 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-021-00262-1.

M. Chatterjee, S. Saha, and M. Jha (2020). Transitioning Classes into Electronic Gadgets: Life of Student in Lockdown. DownToEarth.

R. De, N. Pandey, and A. Pal (2020). Impact of Digital Surge during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Viewpoint on Research and Practice. National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2020.102171

D. Gierdowski (2021). Student Experiences with Connectivity and Technology in the Pandemic. Research report. Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE.

R. C. Dela Cruz (2021). Improved Connectivity, Free Internet Under Duterte Admin. Republic of the Philippines. Philippine News Agency. (retrieved from https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1148087 last October 27, 2021)

J. Giray (2021). Information and Communications Technology. Philippines-Country Commercial Guide. International Trade Administration. USA.

A. Azcarraga and P. Peña (2019). Technology and Automation as Sources of 21st-Century Firm Productivity: The Economics of Slow Internet Connectivity in the Philippines. DLSU Research Congress 2019. De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines.

N. Baaga (2020). Prices of Gadgets Soar as Internet Services Witness Snags. The Tribune. (retrieved from: https://www.tribuneindia.com last November 9, 2021)

J.M. Asio, et. al. (2021). Internet Connection and Learning Device Availability of College Students: Basis for Institutionalizing Flexible Learning in the New Normal. Studies in Humanities and Education. Vol. 2, Issue 1:56-69. https://she.sabapub.com. DOI: 10.481585/she.v2i1.224.

https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1150802 retrieved last November 9, 2021.

D. Porcalla (2020). Philippines Internet ‘Second Slowest in ASEAN, ranks 110th Worldwide. The Philippine Star. (retrieved from https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2020/12/28/2066612 last November 16, 2021).

R. Salac, Y. Kim (2016). A Study on the Internet Connectivity in the Philippines. Asia Pacific Journal of Business Review. Vol. 1, Issue 1, Pages 67-88. https://doi.org/10.20522/APJBR.2016.1.1.67

A. Santos (2020). In the Philippines, distance learning reveals the digital divide. Heinrich Boll Stiftung. Brussels. European Union.

F. Dayagbil, D. Palompon, L. Garcia, and M. Olvido. (2021). Teaching and Learning Continuity Amid and Beyond the Pandemic. Frontiers in Education. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2021.678692

J. Barrot, I. Llenares, and L. del Rosario. (2021). Students’ Online Learning Challenges During the Pandemic and How They Cope with Them: The Case of the Philippines. SpringerLink. Education and Information Technologies. 26, 7321-7338.

and [29] B. Magsambol. (2021). CHED: There’s No Going Back, ‘Flexible Learning Will Be New Norm’ (retrieved from https://www.rappler.com/nation/ched-says-flexible-learning-new-norm last November 19, 2021)

J. Tria (2020). The COVID-19 Pandemic through the Lens of Education in the Philippines: The New Normal. International Journal of Pedagogical Development and Lifelong Learning, 1(1), ep2001. https://doi.org/10.30935/ijpdll/8311

N. Guadalquiver (2020). The New Normal in the Philippine Education System. ResearchGate. (retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344595606 last July 12, 2021) as cited in (Barreiro, V., 2017)

M. Zalat, M. Hamed, S. Bolbol. (2021) The experiences, challenges, and acceptance of e-learning as a tool for teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic among university medical staff. PLoS ONE 16(3): e0248758. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0248758.

P. Chakraborty, P. Mittal, M. Gupta, S. Yadav, A. Arora. (2020). Opinion of Students on Online Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies. Wiley Online Library. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbe2.240.