Distribution of Haemoglobin S and C in Ghana – The Role of Ethnic Barriers to Intermarriages

  • Bernice Ameyaw Ghana Ports and Harbours’ Authority (GPHA) Hospital, Takoradi-Ghana
  • Emmanuel Ameyaw Graduate School of Economics and Management, Tohoku University
  • Prince Kenneth Homiah Ghana Ports and Harbours’ Authority (GPHA) Hospital, Takoradi-Ghana
  • Akwasi Asamoah University of Energy and Natural Resources
Keywords: haemoglobin distribution, haemoglobin s, haemoglobin c, intermarriages


Using repeated cross-sectional data from the Ghana Ports and Harbours’ Authority (GPHA) hospital and cross-sectional household data from the Ghana Living Standards Survey 7, this paper exploits intermarriages between the northern part and southern part of Ghana as a potential underlying factor partly explaining the distribution of haemoglobin S (Hb S) and haemoglobin C (Hb C) in the country. Similar to other studies, we find evidence for a higher prevalence of Hb S and a lower prevalence of Hb C in the southern part of Ghana. We also find that the rate of intermarriage between northern ethnic groups and southern ethnic groups is just about 2.6 per cent, largely leading to the confinement of Hb S to the southern part of Ghana and Hb C to the northern part of Ghana.

Author Biographies

Prince Kenneth Homiah, Ghana Ports and Harbours’ Authority (GPHA) Hospital, Takoradi-Ghana
Msc Quality Management
Akwasi Asamoah, University of Energy and Natural Resources
BSc Medical Laboratory Science


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How to Cite
Ameyaw, B., Ameyaw, E., Homiah, P. K., & Asamoah, A. (2021). Distribution of Haemoglobin S and C in Ghana – The Role of Ethnic Barriers to Intermarriages. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 60(3), 146-155. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/13270