Covid-19 Vaccines, Countries around the World, and the Vaccines they are Currently Administering: A Practical Insight and Narrative Review

  • Abdul-Azeez Muhammed Federal Medical Center, Murtala Muhammad Way, Jibiya bypass, Katsina, 80010, Nigeria.
  • Priscilla Humado 37 Military Hospital, Neghelli Barracks, Plot No. 37, Liberation Road, 37, Accra,1686, Ghana.
  • Stanley Ozogbo East Tennessee State University, 1276 Gilbreath Dr, Johnson City, 37614, USA.
  • Taiwo Solarin Cledron Health, 24 Ayo Adeleye Drive, Lekki, Lagos, 100001, Nigeria.
  • Adebola Afolayan Shekinah Hospital, Smith Street, Alagbaka, Akure, 340282, Nigeria.
  • Gabriel Alugba Pentacare Hospital, Moronranti Tolani Street, Off Umaru Audi Road, Kwara, 240103, Nigeria.
  • Abdulhakim Sambo Federal Medical Center, Murtala Muhammad Way, Jibiya bypass, Katsina, 80010, Nigeria
  • Nkechinyere Okafor Essen Healthcare, 2015 Grandcourse Bronx, New York, 10453, USA
  • Sawai Rathore Dr Sapurnanand Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, 342003, India
  • Rihanat Ayantayo Nigeria Police Medical Center, Adekunle Ajasin Road, 340283, Nigeria.
Keywords: Approved vaccines, Vaccines currently in use, countries and the vaccine they are using, vaccines for emergency use, covid-19, coronavirus, SARS-COV-2

Abstract

The push for vaccine approval during the heat of the Covid-19 Pandemic was unusual, in the world of vaccines. Countries also had to ensure the various vaccines that have been approved for use were safe and acceptable by the populace. This review aimed to provide the most recent insight into the current vaccines that have been approved for use and what countries over the world are using to vaccinate their teeming population. A search was done on 5 August 2021 on peer-reviewed English literature, indexed in PubMed, Medline, and other relevant sources, online. Results from 23 peer-reviewed English surveyed studies formed the basis of the final Covid-19 vaccines and what countries around the world are currently using. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine had the highest number of reviews (74%) followed by Moderna (60%), while Covaxin and CasinoBio had the smallest published studies at 10% each.  A total number of 11 vaccines were found to have been approved for use, from studies.  The kingdom of Bahrain had the highest number of vaccines approved for use (6/11, 54%) while China had 5, (5/11, 45%) followed by the UK, with 4 vaccines currently approved for use (4/11, 36%). Countries like Puerto Rico, have no vaccine approved for use, others such as Tanzania, Burundi, and Eritrea are yet to receive vaccines. South Africa is the only country in Africa that is currently participating in vaccine trials. This could act as a harbinger to vaccine approval and use in many African countries. More vaccine-based trials and studies are needed mostly in Sub-Saharan African countries, North and South America.

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Published
2021-09-13
Section
Articles