Participatory Approach to Optimizing Cabbage Fertilization System for Improved Yield, Quality and Shelf Life

  • Antonio L. Acedo Jr Vegetable Crops Section, Crop Production and Management Division, Institute of Crop Science, College of Agriculture and Food Science, University of the Philippines Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines
  • Marilou M. Benitez Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Food Science, Visayas State University, Leyte, Philippines
Keywords: Brassica oleraceae var, capitata, crop productivity, plant nutrition, participatory research

Abstract

Cabbage fertilization system was optimized following the participatory approach by factoring in farmers’ practices, conducting optimization trials on farmers’ field, and employing farmer-researcher co-management of on-farm trials. Five different rates of fertilizer application were documented in the survey of farmers in a vegetable-growing area in Central Philippines. They served as basis for the fertilizer treatments (2 organic fertilizer levels using chicken dung or CD and 5 inorganic fertilizer levels using complete fertilizer 14-14-14 and urea 46-0-0) tested in on-farm trials in the dry season (December to May) and wet season (June to November). Other cultural practices were those employed by farmers with some good practices introduced. Optimum fertilization rate was 2.3 tons CD/ha + 112-47-47 (336 kg 14-14-14 and 141 kg 46-0-0 per hectare) for both dry and wet season crops, giving yields of 29.5 and 10.7 tons/ha, respectively, with net profit-cost ratio of 4.41 and 2.14, respectively, or more than 2-3 times higher than that of unfertilized crops. In addition, the heads produced were flatter and more compact and had longer shelf life due to lower weight loss and trimming loss, particularly for dry-season crop, compared to other fertilizer treatments. The participatory approach equipped farmers with first-hand knowledge and skills on how to improve existing cultural practices to generate high quality yields and farm profits.

References

. C. Beecher, “Cancer preventive properties of Brassica oleracea: A review”, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, pp. 1166–1170, 1994.

. D.O. Kim, D.D. Padilla, O.I. Fl-Zakour, “Griffiths avonoids and antioxidant capacity of various cabbage genotypes at juvenile stage’, Journal of Food Science, vol. 69, pp. 685-689, 2004.

. C.F. Hsieh, H.C. Fang, K. Nan, K. N. Hsu, “Effect of continuous use of organic manures on the growth and yield of vegetable soybean and cabbage”, Bulletin of Taichung District Agriculture Improvement Station (Japan), vol. 46, pp. 110, 1995.

. K. Kaur, K. K. Kapoor, A. P. Gupta, “Impact of organic manures with and without mineral fertilizers on soil chemical and biological properties under tropical conditions”, Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, vol. 168, 2005, pp. 117-122.

. K.R. Sanderson and J.A. Ivany, “Cole crop yield response to reduced nitrogen rates”, Canadian Journal of Plant Science, vol. 79, pp. 149-151, 1999.

. P.P. Mahendaran, N. Kumar, “Effect of organic manures on cabbage cv. Hero (Brassica orelacea var. capitata L.)”, South Indian Horticulture, vol. 45, pp. 240-243, 1997.

. V.S. Yadav, B.D. Yadav, Y.K. Sharma, “Effect of NICAST (organic manure) in comparison to recommended doses of manure and fertilizers in cabbage”, South Indian Horticulture, vol. 49, pp. 157-159, 2001.

. M.M. Tahat, K.M. Alananbeh, Y.A. Othman, D.I. Leskovar, “Soil health and sustainable agriculture”, Sustainability, vol. 12, pp. 4859, 2020, doi:10.3390/su12124859.

. E.I. Moyin-Jesu, “Use of different organic fertilizers on soil fertility improvement, growth and head yield parameters of cabbage (Brassica oleraceae L.)”, International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, vol. 4, pp. 291-298, 2015.

. R. Chatterjee, J.C. Jana, P.K. Paul, “Enhancement of head yield and quality of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) by combining different sources of nutrients”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 82, pp. 324-328, 2012.

. M.A. Islam, G. Ferdous, A. Akter, M.M. Hossain, D. Nandwani, “Effect of organic, inorganic fertilizers and plant spacing on the growth and yield of cabbage”, Agriculture, vol. 31, 2017, doi:10.3390/agriculture70400312017

. J. Gonsalves, T. Becker, A. Braun, D. Campilan, H. De Chavez, E. Fajber, M. Kapiriri, J. Rivaca-Caminade, R. Vernooy, Participatory Research and Development for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management: A Sourcebook, vol. 1, Laguna, Philippines: Understanding Participatory Research and Development. International Potato Center-Users’ Perspectives With Agricultural Research and Development, and Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre, 2005.

. J.S. Caldwell, “Evolution of concepts and approaches of systems-oriented, farmer participatory agricultural research”. in Agricultural Technology Research for Sustainable Development in Developing Regions: Proceedings of the 7th JIRCAS international Symposium, 1-2 Nov. 2000, M. Yajima and K. Tsurumi, Eds.,Tsukuba, Japan: JIRCAS, 2001, pp. 63-74.

. M. Pimbert, Participatory research and on-farm management of agricultural biodiversity in Europe, London: International Institute for Environment and Development, 2011.

. A.L. Acedo Jr., M.M. Benitez, Optimization of fertilization systems to improve yield, quality and postharvest characteristics of major vegetables in the Visayas, Project Completion Report, Leyte, Philippines: Visayas State University, 2019.

. T.J. Radovich, M.D. Kleinhenz, “Rapid estimation of cabbage head volume across a population varying in head shape: A test of two geometric formulae”, HortTechnology, vol. 14, pp. 388-391, 2004.

. K.A. Gomez, A.A. Gomez, Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research, 2nd ed., New York: John Willy and Sons, 1984.

. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Plant nutrition for food security: A guide for integrated nutrient management, Rome: FAO, 2006.

. J. Hagin, B. Tucker, Fertilization of dryland and irrigated soils, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1982, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-68327-5.

. K.C. Sharma, “Influence of integrated nutrient management on yield and economics in broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) plant under cold temperate conditions”, Vegetable Science, vol. 27, pp. 62-63, 2000.

. S.M. Westerveld, M.R. McDonald, A.W. McKeown, C.D. Scott-Dupree, “Optimum nitrogen fertilization of summer cabbage in Ontario”, Acta Horticulturae, no. 627, pp. 211-215, 2003.

. Z. Kedino, S.P. Kanaujia, V.B. Singh, P.K. Singh, “Effect of organic manures and biofertilizers on growth, yield and quality of cabbage under foot hill condition of Nagaland”, Environment Ecology, vol. 27, pp. 1127-1129, 2009.

. M.C. Sarkar, “Growth, yield and profitability of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as influenced by applied nitrogen and plant spacing”, Agriculturists, vol. 13, pp. 35-45, 2015.

. J.M. Swaider, G.W. Ware, ‘Cole crops’, in Producing vegetable crops, G.W. Ware and J. P. McCollum Eds., Danville, USA: Interstate Publishing, Danville, 2002, pp. 267–292.

. M.D. Kleinhenz, A. Wszelaki, ”Yield and relationship among head traits in cabbage as influenced by planting date and cultivar. I. Fresh market”, HortScience, vol. 38, pp. 1349-1354, 2003.

. M.Y. Sarker, F. Begum, M.K. Hasan, S.M. Raquibullah, M.A. Kader, “Effect of different sources of nutrients and mulching on growth and yield contributing of cabbage”, Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 175-179, 2003.

. Philippine Statistical Authority, Updated Production Costs and Returns of Selected Agricultural Commodities 2016-2018, Manila, Philippines, 2019.

. Philippine Statistical Authority, Updated production costs and returns of selected agricultural commodities, palay and corn. 2017-2019. Manila, Philippines, 2020.

Published
2021-08-07
Section
Articles