The Frequency of Dyslipidemia in Young Overweight and Obese Students (Age 10-16 Years) in Schools of Swat, Pakistan

  • Fawad Ali Khan Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan
  • Huma Shafiq Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, 23200, Pakistan
  • Seyyedha Abbas Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan
  • Suhail Razak Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11362, KSA
Keywords: Pediatric, obesity, dyslipidemia, Lipid profile

Abstract

Obesity is a multifaceted disease caused by hormonal imbalance. There is a significant increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity across the globe. The study was conducted to estimate the frequency of Pediatric dyslipidemia. The Prevalence of obesity was determined by serum lipid concentrations of students in Private Schools of Swat. The cross-sectional analytical study enrolled 1374 Students, both boys (870) and girls (504). Detailed history of the students were recorded through a survey, which included student’s sociodemographic and clinical variables. BMI of students were calculated by the formula BMI=weight/height (kg/m2). The analysis of the data was done through SPSS Version 22. The students enrolled in this study were grouped on gender basis i.e, male (68) and female (31). The Prevalance of dyslipidemia was measured to be 42.4%. Significant association was found between the rate of dyslipidemia and BMI (59.5% in obese and 40.5% in overweight). No significant gender differences were found in serum lipid levels. The rate of dyslipidemia was measured to be a slightly increased in boys as compared to girls but not statistically significant.

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Published
2021-08-02
Section
Articles