An Overview of Integrated Health-Nutrition Service and Characteristics of Volunteer Health Workers: A Study in West Java, Indonesia
AbstractBackground: The stunting problem is still a concern and priority for WHO and countries in the world, including Indonesia. The Integrated Health-Nutrition Service in Indonesia (called Posyandu) is the closest unit to reach the community through nutrition education and health services. This study aims to analyze volunteer health workers’ characteristics and obtain an overview of Posyandu services during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study was conducted in Cirebon Regency, West Java, Indonesia. The study design used was cross-sectional. The respondents were selected purposively. The collected data includes the age, education level, working period, incentive received, participation in nutrition training, the procedure of Posyandu during the pandemic, nutritional knowledge and attitude, food habits, and household food security. The study results showed that most of the volunteer health workers aged 26-35 years with educational level from primary to high school graduates. The mean of working period was four years and receiving incentive US$2/month. In addition, most of the Posyandu were not in operation due to the Covid-19 pandemic conditions. Nutritional knowledge and attitudes of volunteer health workers were mostly high. More than half of the volunteer health workers’ households were food insecure. Conclusion: the educational levels and nutritional knowledge of Posyandu’s volunteer health workers were high, but their food security were still low. During the Covid-19 pandemic, Posyandu was not in operation. Alternative solutions to support household food security could be through utilizing the home garden for plant crops.
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