Risk Factors of Childbirth Complication at Koya Barat Public Health Center, Jayapura City

  • Theresia Patipeme Postgraduate Master Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University
  • Hasmi Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura Papua, Indonesia, 99351
  • Semuel Piter Irab Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura Papua, Indonesia, 99351
  • Yacob Ruru Department of Satistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Cenderawasih University
Keywords: Childbirth, Complication, Risk Factors

Abstract

Background: Labor complications are a sign of danger that occurs in a pregnant woman at the time of delivery. The incidence of childbirth complications needs to have a good health protection to save the health status of mothers and children according to the standard of delivery assistance that is covered by health workers. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors for childbirth complications in mothers who gave birth at the Koya Barat Health Center. Methods: This research is a type of analytical survey research with a cross sectional approach using secondary data from the 2020 Maternal and Child Health Report (KIA). The population of this study was all mothers giving birth at the Koya Barat Puskesmas from January to December 2020, totaling 261 mothers giving birth. The sampling technique used in this study was total sampling. The data were processed using analysis, Frequency Distribution, Chi-square, Prevalence Ratio Test, Logistic Regression. Results: The results of the bivariate analysis found that variables age (p < 0.01; RP=1.862; 95%CI: 1.432-2.423), parity (p = 0.045; RP=1.385; 95%CI: 1.043-1.841), and Hb level (p = 0.024; RP=1.422; 95%CI: 1.059-1.908) has a significant relationship with the childbirth complication at Koya Barat Public Health Center. Meanwhile, education (p = 0.095; RP=1.306; 95%CI: 0.984-1.733) has no significant relationship with the childbirth complication at Koya Barat Public Health Center. Based on the results of multiple logistic regression analysis, the most dominant risk factors for childbirth complication at Koya Barat Public Health Center is age (p < 0.01; OR = 3.507; 95%CI: 1.922 – 6.401).

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Published
2021-03-06
Section
Articles