Factors Affecting to Demotivation of Teachers and Their Work Productivity at Secondary Schools


  • Mirali Mammadzada Riga, 1019, Latvia


Demotivation factors, Teachers Efficiency, Teachers Productivity, Demotivation


Individual and organizational performance is crucially dependent on staff or members' motivation. A very competent and well-trained team member can not work efficiently until they are motivated to do so. Research into teacher motivation is restricted both globally. Rises in student enrollment, attendance statistics, and delivery of noon meals do not reflect the accurate image of our country's school system's condition. High dropout rates from secondary to higher-level education, the blame for that lies with the educators, who are demotivated and disheartened due to lack of parental collaboration and administrative inequality. The study investigates the productivity deviations based on demotivating factors for teachers at secondary schools. Demotivational factors such as personal variables, parental collaboration, administration, infrastructure, student performance, and behavior impact teachers' efficiency at secondary schools. To meet study objectives, secondary data (structured interviews, questionnaire, profile form) were collected from the literature review of both kinds, qualitative and quantitative, to evaluate the effects of such demotivational factors on teachers' performance. Descriptive data from the case studies analyzed and its relatedness is being compared with the prominent motivational theories. It's been concluded that parental collaboration, school administration, and infrastructure affect a lot more significant than the personal attributes and profile form. Studies elaborated that the primary cause of teachers' demotivation is parents and administration. These demotivating variables reduce the average success of the instructor, which also influences the student scoring. It is advocated for parents and administrators to provide educators with a productive workforce in which they can deal with their challenges.  


. D. Gullatt and R. Bennett, "Motivational strategies useful in enhancing teacher performance," NASSP Practitioner, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 1-6, 1995.

. C. M. Jackson, "Assisting Marginal Teachers: A Training Model," Principal, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 28-29, 1997.

. Z. Dörnyei and E. Ushioda, "Teaching and researching: Motivation," 2013.

. E. Ushioda and Z. Dörnyei, Teaching and researching: Motivation. Pearson Education, 2011.

. E. Strachan, "An application of Herzberg's motivator-hygiene theory to teacher job satisfaction," University of Ottawa (Canada), 1975.

. J. Coolahan, "Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers: Country Background report for Ireland," 2003.

. I. Koomson, B. Afful, and R. A. Villano, "Relationship between Financial Stress, Moonlighting and Teacher Attrition," Koomson, I., Afful, B. & Villano, RA (2017). Relationship between Financial Stress, Moonlighting and Teacher Attrition. NESRA Working Paper (nesra/wp/17/005), 2017.


. M. Hirpassa, "A Study on Causes of Teacher Turnover in Oromia Government Secondary Schools," Unpublished Master’s Thesis), Addis Ababa University, College of Education, pp. 76-113, 2006.

. S. Hean and R. Garrett, "Sources of job satisfaction in science secondary school teachers in Chile," Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 363-379, 2001.

. R. Ingersoll, "Teacher turnover, teacher shortages, and the organization of schools," 2001.

. F. Herzberg, B. Mausnes, R. O. Peterson, and D. F. Capwell, "Job attitudes; review of research and opinion," 1957.

. J. S. Adams, "Towards an understanding of inequity," The journal of abnormal and social psychology, vol. 67, no. 5, p. 422, 1963.

. M. H. Minda, "A study on the magnitude and causes of turnover among academic staffs of Ethiopian Higher Institutions: evidence from Ambo University," Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 285-293, 2015.

. R.-D. Chang, K.-T. Wunn, and Y.-C. Tseng, "A study of the relationships between career orientation, achievement motivation, job satisfaction, and intention to stay for auditors," Journal of Business and Economics Research, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 48-70, 2011.

. S. M. Abd-El-Fattah, "Longitudinal Effects of Pay Increase on Teachers' Job Satisfaction: A Motivational Perspective," Journal of International Social Research, vol. 3, no. 10, 2010.

. N. S. J. R. Royston and I. i. M. Education, "The Relationship between Collegiate Band Members' Preferences of Teacher Interpersonal Behavior and Perceived Self-Efficacy," vol. 11, no. 1, p. n1, 2013.

. A. Habibi, M. Sofwan, and A. J. I. J. o. E. T. Mukminin, "English teaching implementation in Indonesian pesantrens: teachers’ demotivation factors," vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 199-213, 2016.

. D. Clements-Croome and Y. J. C. t. p. w. Kaluarachchi, "Assessment and measurement of productivity," vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 129-166, 2000.

. B. Khumalo and A. J. M. J. o. S. S. Mji, "Exploring educators’ perceptions of the impact of poor infrastructure on learning and teaching in rural South African schools," vol. 5, no. 20, pp. 1521-1521, 2014.

. D. M. Hervie and E. C. J. J. o. H. R. M. Winful, "Enhancing teachers’ performance through training and development in Ghana education service (A case study of Ebenezer senior high school)," vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-8, 2018.

. P. E. Spector, Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes, and consequences. Sage, 1997.

. R. Hoppock, "Job satisfaction," 1935.


. E. N. Mwangi, "A survey of factors that influence the attitudes of survivors of downsizing towards management and job security in the banking sector," 2002.

. R. Prouska, A. G. Psychogios, and Y. J. P. R. Rexhepi, "Rewarding employees in turbulent economies for improved organisational performance," 2016.

. N. S. Hafiza, S. S. Shah, H. Jamsheed, and K. J. B. I. J. Zaman, "Relationship between rewards and employee’s motivation in the non-profit organizations of Pakistan," vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 327-334, 2011.

. A. Pollard and A. Gore, "System and method for rewarding employees of an organisation," ed: Google Patents, 2010.

. R. J. O. D. S. Levačić, "Teacher incentives and performance: An application of principal–agent theory," vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 33-46, 2009.

. B. O. Wasiu, A. A. J. K. C. o. t. A. J. o. B. Adebajo, and M. Review, "Reward system and employees performance in lagos state (a study of selected public secondary schools)," vol. 3, no. 8, p. 14, 2014.

. K. Koutrouba, E. Antonopoulou, G. Tsitsas, and E. J. S. P. I. Zenakou, "An investigation of Greek teachers' views on parental involvement in education," vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 311-328, 2009.

. M. D. Chester and B. Q. J. A. E. R. J. Beaudin, "Efficacy beliefs of newly hired teachers in urban schools," vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 233-257, 1996.

. J. S. Coleman, Parental involvement in education. US Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement …, 1991.

. B. Williams, J. Williams, and A. Ullman, "Parental involvement in education," 2002.

. J. J. I. j. o. e. d. Mooij, "Primary education, teachers’ professionalism and social class about motivation and demotivation of government school teachers in India," vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 508-523, 2008.

. A. Kainuwa, N. B. M. Yusuf, and r. publications, "Influence of socio-economic and educational background of parents on their children’s education in Nigeria," International journal of scientific, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 1-8, 2013.

. T. J. J. o. e. a. Sergiovanni, "Factors which affect satisfaction and dissatisfaction of teachers," 1967.

. R. M. Klassen and C. J. J. B. E. R. J. Anderson, "How times change: secondary teachers' job satisfaction and dissatisfaction in 1962 and 2007," vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 745-759, 2009.

. C. I. Okeke and P. N. J. J. o. T. E. f. S. Mtyuda, "Teacher job dissatisfaction: Implications for teacher sustainability and social transformation," vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 54-68, 2017.

. S. R. J. J. o. P. E. i. E. Painter, "Principals’ perceptions of barriers to teacher dismissal," vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 253-264, 2000.

. R. R. Alonso, I. R. Plaza, and C. H. J. D. E. R. Orfali, "Barriers in teacher perception about the use of technology for evaluation in Higher Education," no. 35, pp. 170-185, 2019.

. C. K. Blackwell, A. R. Lauricella, E. Wartella, M. Robb, R. J. C. Schomburg, and Education, "Adoption and use of technology in early education: The interplay of extrinsic barriers and teacher attitudes," vol. 69, pp. 310-319, 2013.

. W. M. J. C. Barnard and y. s. review, "Parent involvement in elementary school and educational attainment," vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 39-62, 2004.

. M. Gangl, "Scar effects of unemployment: An assessment of institutional complementarities," American Sociological Review, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 986-1013, 2006.

. P. Boxer, S. E. Goldstein, T. DeLorenzo, S. Savoy, and I. J. J. o. a. Mercado, "Educational aspiration–expectation discrepancies: Relation to socioeconomic and academic risk-related factors," vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 609-617, 2011.

. H. M. A. Arifin, H. M. , " The Influence of Competence, Motivation, and Organisational Culture to High School Teacher Job Satisfaction and Performance. International Education Studies, 8(1), 38-45.," (2015).

. H. Normianti, Aslamiah, A., & Suhaimi, S. , "Relationship of transformational leaders of principal, teacher motivation, teacher organization commitments with performance of primary school teachers in Labuan Amas Selatan, Indonesia. European Journal of Education Studies.," (2019).

. G. I. Earthman and L. K. J. J. o. E. A. Lemasters, "Teacher attitudes about classroom conditions," 2009.

. D. Goldhaber, M. DeArmond, and S. J. I. R. DeBurgomaster, "Teacher attitudes about compensation reform: Implications for reform implementation," vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 441-463, 2011.

. L. Marlow, "Teacher Job Satisfaction," 1996.

. J. Higton, S. Leonardi, A. Choudhoury, N. Richards, D. Owen, and N. Sofroniou, "Teacher workload survey 2016," 2017.

. M. Johnstone, "Time and Tasks: Teacher Workload and Stress. Spotlights 44," 1993.

. B. G. J. T. E. Cook and S. Education, "Inclusive attitudes, strengths, and weaknesses of pre-service general educators enrolled in a curriculum infusion teacher preparation program," vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 262-277, 2002.




How to Cite

Mammadzada, M. . (2021). Factors Affecting to Demotivation of Teachers and Their Work Productivity at Secondary Schools. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 56(1), 373–385. Retrieved from https://gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/12372