Exploring Key Elements of Public Governance
AbstractThe aim of this research is to explore key elements of public governance by reviewing relevant literatures. Public governance literatures propose definitions that emphasize three dimensions as substantive meaning. Firstly, authority refers to who makes decision/policy. Actors of decision/policy making consist of government, private sector, and civil society. Public governance emphasizes: (a) direction measured on the basis of strategic vision, (b) legitimacy and voice measured on the basis of consensus orientation, participation, and inclusiveness. Secondly, decision/policy making refers to how decision/policy is made. Public governance emphasizes performance measured on the basis of responsiveness, effectiveness and efficiency, and professionalism. Thirdly, interaction refers to how relationships among actors are built. Public governance emphasizes: (a) collaboration measured on the basis of partnership and network, (b) accountability measured on the basis of accountability and transparency, (c) fairness measured on the basis of equity and rule of law.
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