The Effect of Residential Characteristics and Use of Firewood on the Incidence of Acute Respiratory Infections in Children Under Five (Study in The Area of Ndao Islands, Rote Ndao Regency)

  • Yandri Sepeh University of Nusa Cendana, Adisucipto Penfui, Kupang 85228, Indonesia
  • Jacob M. Ratu University of Nusa Cendana, Adisucipto Penfui, Kupang 85228, Indonesia
  • Ketut M. Kuswara University of Nusa Cendana, Adisucipto Penfui, Kupang 85228, Indonesia
  • Pius Werawan University of Nusa Cendana, Adisucipto Penfui, Kupang 85228, Indonesia
  • Imelda F. E. Manurung University of Nusa Cendana, Adisucipto Penfui, Kupang 85228, Indonesia
Keywords: Acute Respiratory Infection, Children under five, Occupancy Characteristics


The Ndao Islands are remote islands in the Rote Ndao Regency area. The people of the Ndao and Nuse Islands have a distinctive culture in cooking, where most people still live simply by living in houses with roofs of leaves or thatched, houses that are also built with boards or coconut fronds,and also the house that still uses earthen floors and cement floors.Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is still a major health problem in the world. This disease is the main cause of infectious disease morbidity and mortality worldwide with an incidence of 18.8 billion cases and the number of deaths of 4 million people each year.This research was conducted to determine the determinant factors for the incidence of acute respiratory infection in children under five in the Ndao Islands region of Rote Ndao Regency.This type of research is an analytic survey research with a cross sectional design. This research was conducted in the area of the Ndao Islands, Ndao Nuse sub-district, Rote Ndao regency. A total of 118 children under five and their mothers who have met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were determined proportionally to the random sampling. The independent variables studied were the characteristics of the dwelling including the type of floor, the type of wall, the type of roof, and the use of firewood.Data analysis used simple logistic regression test. The results of the analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between the use of firewood (p = 0.011; OR = 9.18) and the type of floor (p = 0.009; OR = 10.44) with the incidence of acute respiratory infection, while and there was no significant relationship between types of roofs. (p = 0.898; OR = 0.898), and the type of wall (p = 0.307; OR = 3.116) with the incidence of acute respiratory infection. From this study it can be concluded that the use of firewood and the type of floor has an effect on the incidence of acute respiratory infection among children under five in the Ndao Islands area.


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