The Effectiveness of Relaxation Techniques to Decrease The Anxiety of Diabetes Mellitus Elderly Patients

  • Anugrasia Auliani Master Program in Psychology Profession, Psychology Faculty, Ahmad Dahlan University Yogyakarta, (55166), Indonesia
  • Mutingatu Sholichah Master Program in Psychology Profession, Psychology Faculty, Ahmad Dahlan University Yogyakarta, (55166), Indonesia
Keywords: Relaxation, anxiety, elderly, diabetes mellitus

Abstract

This research aims to know the effectiveness of relaxation therapy in decreasing anxiety level of diabetes mellitus elderly patients. The research participants were seven elderly patients who obtained anxiety scale score in medium category and high category. The research design used small N sample experiment, ABA design. The instrument used was Depression Anxiety Stress (DASS) scale. The result The result of quantitative analysis used non-parametric statistics Wilcoxon and inspection visual graphic showing the existence of significant difference score between before and after with Z = ­-2,371 and p =0,018(p<0,05), the existence of significant difference score before and after relaxation treatment with Z = ­-2,371 dan p =0,018(p<0,05), and the existence of significant difference score between before and after following the training with Z = ­-2,371 and p =0,018(p<0,05). Qualitative analysis was conducted by analyzing observation and interview data. The results obtained show that relaxation technique can decrease the anxiety level of each participant.

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Published
2020-10-16
Section
Articles