The Effectiveness of Relaxation Techniques to Decrease The Anxiety of Diabetes Mellitus Elderly Patients
AbstractThis research aims to know the effectiveness of relaxation therapy in decreasing anxiety level of diabetes mellitus elderly patients. The research participants were seven elderly patients who obtained anxiety scale score in medium category and high category. The research design used small N sample experiment, ABA design. The instrument used was Depression Anxiety Stress (DASS) scale. The result The result of quantitative analysis used non-parametric statistics Wilcoxon and inspection visual graphic showing the existence of significant difference score between before and after with Z = -2,371 and p =0,018(p<0,05), the existence of significant difference score before and after relaxation treatment with Z = -2,371 dan p =0,018(p<0,05), and the existence of significant difference score between before and after following the training with Z = -2,371 and p =0,018(p<0,05). Qualitative analysis was conducted by analyzing observation and interview data. The results obtained show that relaxation technique can decrease the anxiety level of each participant.
. Hasdiabetes mellitus on adults and children with herbal remedies. Yogyakarta: Nuhdianah, H. R. (2012). Recognizing a Medika.
. ADA (American Diabetes Association)., 2010. Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care Vol.33: S62-9.
. Ernawati. (2013). The management of integrated diabetes mellitus nursing through the implementation of self care orem nursing theory. Jakarta : Mitra Wacana Media
. Ambarwati, W. (2008). The correlation between social support perception and anxiety level on diabetes mellitus patients. Surabaya. Research Bulletin of RSU Dr. Soetomo, Volume 10.
. Corwin, E. J. (2009). Pocket Book of Pathophysiology. Jakarta: EGC, 807
. Farida, K & Hartono, Y. (2010). Teaching Book of Mental Nursing. Jakarta : Salemba Medika
. Novitasari, R. (2012). Diabetes Mellitus Completed with DM Gymnastics. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.
. Kazdin, A. E. (2001). Behavior Modification in Applied Settings. New York: Wadsworth.
. Henrink, (1980). The Psychotherapy Handbook. New American Library. US
. Davis, M., Eshelman, E. R., & McKay, M. (1988). The Relaxation & Stress Reduction Workbook. Translated by Hamid & Keliat in 1995. Jakarta: Publisher of Medical Books EGC
. Greenberg, D. (2002). Comprehensive Stress Management, 8th edition. McGraw-Hill. New York.
. Nijboer, C., Tempelaar, R., Sanderman, R., Triemstra, M., Spruijt, R. J., & Van Den Bos, G. A. (1998). Cancer and caregiving: the impact on the caregiver's health. Psycho‐Oncology: Journal of the Psychological, Social and Behavioral Dimensions of Cancer, 7(1), 3-13
. Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behaviour research and therapy, 33(3), 335-343.
. Barlow, D.H. and Hersen, M. (1984) Single-Case Experimental Designs: Strategies for Studying Behavior Change. 2nd Edition, Pergamon Press, New York.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.
- It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.
- Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author
- Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.
- If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.
- The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.