Assessment of Energy Culture at a University and a Paper Mill for Energy Saving Opportunities

  • Akter Sevena Institute of Energy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Tanvir Hassan Institute of Energy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md. Shafiqul Islam Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mahera Afroz Institute of Energy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nasif Shams Institute of Energy, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Keywords: Energy Use Pattern, Gender, Age, Education, Attitude, Management Strategy, Material Culture


This work was intended to examine the existing energy culture in a university and in a paper mill of Bangladesh. 75 participants from a public university and 50 participants from a paper mill were surveyed to collect data using a three-segment questionnaire on energy consumption, conservation behavior, and general technical aspects. Responses were analyzed based on gender, age, and education to identify the artifacts that affect and impact the energy use pattern of two organizations. The possibilities of energy conservation through change in organizational norms like attitude, energy management strategy, material culture, and energy practices were assessed for both the commercial and industrial institutions. Key findings showed that the impacts of socio-demographic and psychological factors are found influential on the daily energy saving attitudes. The study also finds that energy conservation behaviors and tendency of reporting on energy wastages among the employees were influenced by the gender, age, and education of the respondents for both the university and the paper mill. For the university case, the analyses of the several statements reveal that women participants hold more positive attitude for saving energy than men. Expressions from the respondents of the university and industry on moral obligation for sensible energy consumption, habitual facts and efficacy are often influenced by education, age, and work experiences. This work suggests for the potential energy saving opportunities by changing behaviors through awareness and material culture through knowledge.


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