Roles of Local Governance Institutions and Promotion of Urban Agriculture Practices in Western Kenya

  • Isaac Otieno Dawo Maseno University, Private Bag, Maseno, Kenya
  • George Mark Onyango Maseno University, Private Bag, Maseno, Kenya
  • Francis Ang’awa Okere Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology (JOOUST), P. O. Box Bondo, Kenya
Keywords: Urban Agriculture, Role of Government Institutions, economic influence, Social influence, Environmental influence

Abstract

The role of local government institution and especially institutional structures and political culture often shape government performance including livelihood supporting activities such as Urban Agriculture (UA). The changing population pattern orchestrated by the spread of urbanization has resulted into a rise in poverty and food demand, necessitating UA. However, there seem to be limited documentation with regard to how local governance institutions influence and promote UA practices. The purpose of the study was to assess how roles of local governance institutions influence promotion of urban agriculture practices in Western Kenya. The specific objectives were to investigate the influence of economic, social and environmental roles of institutions, and the relationship between county government institutions roles and urban agriculture practice. Cross sectional survey design was adopted on a target population of 440 urban farmers (Eldoret: N=137; Kakamega: N=145; Kisumu: N=158) identified through the assistance of County Agricultural officers in the three towns. A sample size of 205 respondents (Eldoret=63; Kakamega=68; Kisumu=74) was obtained using stratified technique. Questionnaire and Key Informant interviews were used for data collection. Inferential statistics using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used in data analysis. Results showed that the department of agriculture, livestock and fisheries was the most important institution on promotion of urban agriculture in Kisumu (40.0%), Kakamega (42.2%) and Eldoret (64.8%). There was there was a moderate positive correlation (n=205; r =.532; p <.05) between role of county government institutions and UA practices which was statistically significant.

References

. World Food Programme (WFP, 2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2012: Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition. FAO, Rome.

. UN-HABITAT, United Nations Human Settlements Department. (2016a). Draft outcome document for adoption in Quito, October 2016. Paper presented at the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development, 17-20 October, Quito, Ecuador.

. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (UN-DESA, 2015). World population prospects: the 2015 revision, key findings and advance tables. New York: UN-DESA, Population Division.

. Orsini, F., Kahane, R., Nono-Womdim, R., and Gianquinto, G. (2013). Urban agriculture in the developing world: a review. Agronomy for sustainable development, 33:695-720.

. Clos, J. (2016). Principles of planned urbanization. http://unhabitat.org/principles-of-planned-urbanization-dr- joan- clos-executive-director-un-habitat-2/ Date of Access: 25 Apr. 2019. [Podcast]

. Sanyé-Mengual, E. (2015). COST Action Urban Agriculture Europe: Freelance STSM: Stakeholders’ acceptance, governance and power relations in innovative forms of urban agriculture. Agron Sustain Dev., 35:1477– 1488.

. Mougeot, L. J. A. (2006). Growing better cities: Urban agriculture for sustainable development. Ottawa.

. Piorr, A, Zasada, I, Doernberg, A, Zoll, F and Ramme, W (2018). Research for AGRI Committee – Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture in the EU. European Parliament, Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, Brussels

. Barthel, S., Folke, C. & Colding, J. (2010). Social–ecological memory in urban gardens—Retaining the capacity for management of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change, 20 (2), 255-265.

. Leys, A. J. & Vanclay, J. K. (2011). Social learning: A knowledge and capacity building approach for adaptive co-management of contested landscapes. Land use policy, 28 (3), 574-584.

. Arowolo, D. (2008). Local government administration and the challenges of rural development in Nigeria. http: /www.articlesbase.com/leadershiparticles.html.

. Mgbenka, R.N., Mbah, E.N. and Ezeano, C.I. (2015). The Role of Local Government Council in Agricultural Transformation in Nigeria: Need for Review of Policy. Agricultural Engineering Research Journal, 5(2): 27-32.

. Corfee-Morlot, J., Cochran, I., Hallegatte, S., and Teasdale, P.J. (2011). Multilevel risk governance and urban adaptation policy. Climatic Change 104 (1), 169-197.

. Halloran, A and Magid, J. (2013). The role of local government in promoting sustainable urban agriculture in Dar es Salaam and Copenhagen. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 113,2, 121-132.

. Curry, N., Reed, M., Keech, D., Maye, D. and Kirwan, J. (2014). Urban agriculture and the policies of the European Union: the need for renewal. Spanish Journal of Rural Development, V (Special 1), 91-106.

. Schmidt, S., Magigi, W. and Godfrey, B. (2014). The organization of urban agriculture: Farmer associations and urbanization in Tanzania. Journal of Cities (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2014.05.013

. Mwangi, K.W. (2015). Factors influencing urban agricultural practices in Kenya: a case of Nairobi County, Kenya. Unpublished research project submitted to the University of Nairobi.

. Creswell, J.W. Plano, C. V. and Clark, L. (2011). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. (2nd edition) London : Sage

. Creswell J.W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods approach. London : Sage

. Saunders, M., P. Lewis, & Thornhill, A. (2007). Research Methods for Business Students (5th ed.). Harlow: Prentice Hall.

Published
2020-02-12
Section
Articles