Robust Geographically and Temporally Weighted Regression Using S-estimator in Criminal Case in East Java Province

  • Zikalta Putra Department of Statistics, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Hari Wijayanto Department of Statistics, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Nur Aidi Department of Statistics, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: GWR, GTWR, S-estimator, RMSE, MAD, crime rate

Abstract

Geographically weighted regression (GWR) is a model that can be used for data with spatial varying. Geographically and Temporally Weighted Regression (GTWR) is a development of the GWR model for data spatial and temporal varying. Parameter estimation in GTWR model uses weighted least square method which is very sensitive to outliers data. The outlier caused bias in parameter estimation, so it must be handled by robust GTWR (RGTWR). In this research, S-estimator was used to handle outliers and estimate an RGTWR. Both GTWR and RGTWR is used to build model crime rate in East Java 2011-2015.  The Crime rate is used as a response variable and the percentage of poor people, population density, and human development index are used as explanatory variables. The best model in this research is RGTWR using S-estimator. RGTWR using S-estimator has a coefficient of determination equal to 98,2  meanwhile RMSE equal to 33.941 and MAD equal to 4.994.

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Published
2019-09-16
Section
Articles