The Importance of Prenatal Stress on the Development of ADHD in Children Literature Review 2019


  • Dr. Tamar Kacharava PhD Student, G. Chubinashvili street 15, Tbilisi 0164, Georgia
  • Ketevan Nemsadze MD, Full Prof. N. Nikoladze street 3, Tbilisi 0108, Georgia


Prenatal stress, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Vitamin D, Prenatal testosterone, Etiological factors


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects children and often persists into adulthood. Research suggests that there is a link between maternal stress levels and the development of this condition.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 6.1 million children living in the United States in 2016 had received a diagnosis of ADHD. The symptoms of ADHD can vary from person to person, but they typically include difficulties with concentrating, paying attention, and controlling impulses.It is not clear what causes ADHD, but scientists believe that genetics, certain environmental factors, and brain changes may play a role in its development. Researchers have also investigated the role of nutrients, such as vitamin D and hormone, such as prenatal testosterone.  In this article, wewill reviewed the latest  literature assessing the relationship between prenatal exposure to psychosocial stress during pregnancy and to the risk of developing behavioral problems related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Childhood.


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How to Cite

Kacharava, D. T. ., & Nemsadze, K. (2019). The Importance of Prenatal Stress on the Development of ADHD in Children Literature Review 2019. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 48(2), 105–115. Retrieved from