Effectiveness of Variable Size of Composite Activated Carbon Sugar Palm Bunches (Arenga Pinnata) and Extract of Iron Sand on Adsorption of Motor Vehicle Exhaust Gas (CO, CO2, HC)

  • Nilam Anindytha Department of Physics Education, University of Halu Oleo, Street H.E.A Mokodompit, Kendari, 93231, Indonesia
  • Ferlyasari Ferlyasari Department of Physics Education, University of Halu Oleo, Street H.E.A Mokodompit, Kendari, 93231, Indonesia
  • Adam Maulana Department of Physics Education, University of Halu Oleo, Street H.E.A Mokodompit, Kendari, 93231, Indonesia
  • Vivi Hastuti Rufa Mongkito Department of Physics Education, University of Halu Oleo, Street H.E.A Mokodompit, Kendari, 93231, Indonesia
  • Suritno Fayanto Department of Master in Physics Education, University of Ahmad Dahlan, Street Pramuka, Yogyakarta, 55161, Indonesia
Keywords: Activated carbon, sugar palm bunches waste, iron sand, adsorption, motor vehicle exhaust gas.

Abstract

This analysis aims to define the effectiveness of grain size variations of the composites of activated carbon from aren bunches (Arenga pinnata) and iron sand to analyze the levels of absorption of motor vehicle exhaust gas (CO, CO2, HC). Samples of sugar palm bunches wereobtained in Lalodati Village, Kendari City while iron samples obtained in Bubu Village, District, North Kambowa Buton Regency. Samples of sugar palm bunches and iron sand were washed and dried in the sun for 5 days. Waste bunches samples sugar palm is then carbonated with a temperature of  250 - 4000C for 8 hours. Then for the iron sand extraction process is carried out using magnets.After that, carbon samples of sugar palm bunches and iron sand were mashed with a mortar and sieved with a grain size of 60 mesh, 80 mesh, 100 mesh, and 200 mesh. Samples Carbon of palm bunch waste were activated using temperature at 700 ° C for 30 minutes. Then, activated carbon samples of sugar palm bunches and iron sand waste homogenized with a ratio of  3:2 hours using a homogenizer for 8 hours After that, composite samples that have been homogeneous compacted on a pipe measuring 8 cm, with a pressure of 10 Newton. Samples are then inserted into the adsorption tube and analyzed using Anycar Autocheck Gas and Smoke (AAGS) analyzer. The results obtained showed that the activated carbon composite and iron sand extract had an influence on variations in grain size, where composite with grain size 100 mesh and 200 mesh are more effective in absorbing exhaust gas vehicle than composites measuring 60 mesh and 80 mesh.

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Published
2019-07-24
Section
Articles