Identifying Pastoral Range for Goats as Local Feed Resources in Selayar, Indonesia

Nusra Azis, Jasmal A. Syamsu, Sjamsuddin Rasjid, Lellah Rahim

Abstract


Basically, livestock development is intended to utilize and manage natural resources such as land, feed, and the other factors. The aim of this study was to identify the potential of pastoral range as local feed resources for goats. This study was conducted in Selayar Regency, Indonesia during a period of one year; from July 2015 to June 2016. Data was classified into two; primary data and secondary data. Primary data was obtained using survey methods through direct interview to the farmers as respondents with the help of a questionnaire. Number of respondents interviewing in the present study was at least 10% of the total farmers at each location and they were randomly chosen. In addition, primary data was also collected by direct observation. Focus group discussion was performed to the farmers that related to their land, number of animals, and the characteristic of the farmers. Secondary data was obtained from related institutions as well as other supporting data such as study reports and references that related in this study. The results of this study showed that the pasture in Selayar Island is still natural, whereas in the pastoral range, the proportion of grass is relatively low in comparison to legume and other plants (11% vs. 24% and 65%). This condition is in line with the goats’ raising management by the farmers; whereas raising management of the goats were mainly free in the day-time and return back to the house or simply tied at around the owner’s house (68.8%). Nevertheless, chance to improve the pastoral range especially the quality and quantity of forage production are still possible as well as chance to increase the population of goats.

It can be concluded that the pastoral range for goats as local feed resources in Selayar Island is still sufficient enough for current population of goats. Since the pastoral ranges in this region are still natural, it is a great potential for improving the botanical composition in the future that are suitable for goats feeding. This suggests that this region has possibility to develop and increase the population of goats in the future.


Keywords


Pastoral range; Grass; Legume; Plant.

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