Species and Structure Compopsition of Nature Disturbed Forest Stand in Papandayan Mountain, West Java Indonesia

Dadan Mulyana, Cecep Kusmana, Sri Wilarso Budi R, Basuki Wasis

Abstract


Papandayan mountain  is one nature reserve in Garut, West Java province, Indonesia's forest ecosystems disturbed. Form of disturbance to the ecosystem is the eruption of the Papandayan mountain  in 2002 (natural) and disruption due to encroachment and illegal logging (anthropogenic). The purpose of this study was to assess the species composition and structure of forest stands disturbed, either by natural or anthropogenic. Determining the location of the observations done by using purposive sampling method, ie on undisturbed forest sites. Analysis of the data used is the analysis of vegetation to find a picture on the species composition and structure of forest stands.  The results showed that the diversity and richness of the forest site types disturbed by anthropogenic higher than the undisturbed forest sites by nature. The dominant type in the affected areas and in areas disturbed eruption illegal logging is Distylium stellare, whereas the encroachment area is Castanopsis javanica. Canopy stratification patterns in all forest areas are disturbed stratum B (20-30 m) and stratum C (4-20 m). Stand structure for all areas of undisturbed forest in the form the letter "J" upside indicating guarantee for forest succession  towards forest conditions as before.

 


Keywords


disturbed forest; nature reserve papandayan; species composition; stand structure.

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