The The Participatory Action Research in Community-Based Learning Process of Indigenous People : A Case Study of World Heritage and Nearby Communities in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Thailand
Keywords:Community-based learning process, Indigenous People, world heritage, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
This research had the objective to study the potential and learning process of Participatory Action Research in Community-Based Learning Process of Indigenous People : A Case Study of World Heritage and Nearby Communities in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. The population used in the study were indigenous people in the area
specific sampling according to the advice of community leaders and people in the study area of world heritage and nearby communities in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya in the number of 20 people by using. The tool used in the research were interview form, non-participatory observation form and assessment form of community-based learning process and the data were analyzed according to qualitative the research result as follows.
In Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, there were communities with unique culture consisting of 2 groups including 1. Indigenous people living in world heritage area, the historical Nakhon of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya has Indigenous people that tourists were very interested. They were important food and goods of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya such as boat noodles and Roti 2. Indigenous people in surrounding communities and adjacent areas of the historical Nakhon of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya had specific expertise according to the type of Indigenous people. They had experience passing on from generations to generations. They had public mind to allow outsiders to study closely such as fish weaving, carving, hammock weaving, peacock fan, Huntra candy, Mon brick, Lan leave hat, ancient pottery and boat noodles. These two Indigenous groups of people had the same objective which was to pass on to the next generation.
The community-based learning process of indigenous people, a case study of world heritage and nearby communities in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya was important in driving the Indigenous people to remain and to be sustainable along with the leadership indigenous people which was the ability of Indigenous people that must use participatory process with every party to drive themselves to the society and cooperate with society that is called 4 Reconstruction (4R).
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