Factors Associated with Cervical Cancer at the Regional Public Hospital Dok II Jayapura in 2021
Keywords:Cervical cancer, family history of cancer
Background Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops from the cervix, which is cylindrical in shape, protrudes, and is connected to the vagina via the external uterine os. Cervical cancer is the most common in developing countries, ranks 10th in developed countries, and ranks 5th globally. According to Anatomical Pathology data from 2010, cervical cancer ranks second out of the top ten cancers in Indonesia, with a 12.7 percent incidence. According to preliminary data from Dok II Hospital, there were 11 cases (10.4 percent) of cervical cancer or the third order among 105 cancer patients studied. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors for cervical cancer at the Regional General Hospital Dok II Jayapura in 2021. Methods: This study was conducted at the Regional General Hospital Dok II Jayapura using a quantitative method and a Case Control design. A total of 105 cases, 11 cases, and 94 controls were used in the study. Result: According to the findings of this study, age at first birth (p = 0.008); OR: 0.14 (0.03 – 0.55) had a significant relationship with the incidence of cervical cancer in women at Regional General Hospital Dok II Jayapura. Meanwhile, maternal age variable (p = 0.3) OR: 2.5; 95 percent CI (0.5-10.2), Age of Menarche (p = 0.72); OR: 0.14 (0.38-5.24) and Family History of Cancer (p = 0.7); OR: 1.3 (0.3-4.7) have no significant relationship with the incidence of cervical cancer in women in Regional General Hospital Dok II Jayapura in 2021.
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