Medical Causes and Emergency Basic Care in the Place of Accidents in Road Traffic
Keywords:Accidents, Traffic, Disease, injury, illness, BLS, causes, medical, emergency, care
Road traffic accidents in Kosovo and around the world are taking many lives, causing casualties; injuries, disability, health problem, suffering, economic problems, family problems and death. Medical causes of road traffic accidents are caused; acute illnesses. Chronic, drugs, alcohol and fatigue etc. The Integrated Education Network of the first medical staff education and training is legally obliged to provide medical care at the scene of the accident to ensure and improve the quality of emergency medical care for victims of road traffic accident. The main purpose of this retrospective research is to identify the main causes of health problems that affect road traffic accidents, reducing morbidity, disability and mortality by implementing first aid measures at the scene of the accident. The research material was taken from the medical documentation of injured in road traffic accidents at the UCCK Emergency Clinic for the period January - December 2019. The research samples were the only injured in road traffic accidents. In the research 5254 cases of road traffic accidents were investigated, the research is of retrospective type, where the medical causes in causing traffic accidents were identified. According to the January - December 2019 patient numbers, there were 86,690 cases requiring medical assistance and 5254 of them being injured in road traffic accidents or 6.06. Medical causes of traffic accidents, 904 cases or 17.20% with diabetes, 680 cases or 12.94% with hypertension, 160 cases or 3.04% with visual problems and other cases with numbers the smallest of cases.
Outbreaks with a non-health problem were 3152 cases or 59.99%. finally; Medical Problems Drugs, alcohol can have a direct impact on causing road traffic accidents to a large extent, which need to be timely intervened. The US Integrated Education Network training and training of first medical staff are legally obliged to provide medical care at the scene of the accident to provide and improve the quality of emergency medical care to victims in the event of a road traffic accident.
. Injuries and violence the facts 2014. p 7:14.
. V Rootle, C Stains, C Brennan, N Haworth, J Ozone-Smith, “Suicide and natural deaths in road traffic - review”. Monash University Accident Research Centre, 2003 Report No. 216.
. Archive emergency clinic University Clinical Center Kosovo, 2019
. World Health Organization. Violence and Injury Prevention. Global status report on road safety. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland. 2009 2017 December.
. NHTSA. (2008, October) National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation .SAS Analytical User’s Manual. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
. Dobbs, B. M. (2005, September). Medical Conditions and Driving: A Review of the Literature. DOT HS 809 690. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
. World Health Organization. Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability. Global status report on road safety 2013: Supporting a decade of action. Geneva; 2013.
. Senra Moniz C, Alves Serra F, Costa Ferreira R, Vasconcelos C, Machado Saraiva A. [Diabetes and driving: evidence and recommendations]. Acta Med Port 2013. Jul-Aug;26(4):426-442.
. Brož J, Kriváňová LS, Fedáková Z, Petrosyan L, Kvapil M, Polák J. [Motor vehicle driving and diabetes mellitus - medical aspects]. VnitrLek 2016. Mar;62(3):213-235.
. Geneva: Global Road Safety Partnership; 2007. [Last cited on 2012 April 18]. Drinking and Driving: A road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners.
. NHTSA. (2008, July). National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey Report to Congress. DOT HS 811 059. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
. Gjerde H, Christophersen AS, Normann PT, Mørland J. Toxicological investigations of drivers killed in road traffic accidents in Norway during 2006-2008. Forensic SciInt 2011. Oct;212(1-3):100-106.
. Nnamdi N. Improving Care & Response in Nigeria. J Emerg Med Serv. Epub 2017 May 31.
. Malik, F.A Qasab, R.A., Ali, A., Ali, S.,Zahoor, U.Z., Jan, U.,(2016) “Pavement Marking as a means of Traffic Control Device Issue. 12, December – 2016.
. for an Urban Intersection as per Indian Practice” , International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) Volume. 5 ,
. Rudisill TM, Zhu M, Davidov D, Leann Long D, Sambamoorthi U, Abate M, et al. Medication use and the risk of motor vehicle collision in West Virginia drivers 65 years of age and older: a case-crossover study. BMC Res Notes 2016.
. Bhattacharjee M. 33.3% Decline in road accidents till March: National Centre for Statistics and Information, Royal Omani Polices 2018. Muscat Daily 2018. Satake M. Pharmacists’ advice about driving for diabeticpatients. YakugakuZasshi 2017;137(3):322-334.
. Rainio J, Sulander P, Hantula L, Nuutinen J, Karkola K. Diseases and motor vehicle fatalities in Finland in 2001 and 2002. Traffic InjPrev 2007. Sep;8(3):319-326.
. Ojomoyela R, Ogundipe S, Obinna C. How 6 Ekiti doctors died, survivor recounts; 2016. Vanguard News. 2017. Available from: 2016 www. vanguardngr.com/2016/04/6-ekiti-doctors-died-survivor-recounts/. Accessed May 3, 2017.
. National Coalition on Health Care [homepage]. Available at: https:// nchc.org. Accessed September 19, 2008.
. Annual Accident Report 2018 - European Commission Road traffic accidents in the Member States of the European Union 2016.
. Gururaj G, Sateesh V L, Rayan AB, Roy AC, Amarnath, Ashok J, et al. Bengaluru Injury surveillance collaborators group. National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Publication No. 68, Bengaluru. 2008.
. No authors listed. Emergency medical services in Hong Kong. Available at: http://www.bowincars.org/mediawiki-1.6.12/extensions/Fetch. php?topic=Emergency_medical_services_in_Hong_Kong. Accessed April 25, 2018.
. National Emergency Department Inventories. Emergency Medical Network; 2017. Available from: www.emnet-nedi.org. Accessed January 29, 2019.
How to Cite
Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the following terms.