|Gloria Faith kyohairwe (firstname.lastname@example.org)|
|Sociology and Anthropology, Makerere University|
The main objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of NAADS on rural development in Uganda. The study provided a comparative study of Ntungamo and Mukono districts using both the qualitative and quantitative approach.
A sample of 100 respondents was selected. The study found that NAADs has not ful-filled its ideal objectives. There were still wide differences between women and men as re-gards access and control over productive resources.
Smallholder subsistence agriculture in Uganda remains dominated by institutional market failures even under the NAADS programme. Agricultural markets remained low and under-developed. There were weak linkages between producers and consumers of agricultural prod-ucts which led to poor and low agricultural prices and exploitation by middlemen hence li-mited credit. On one hand, farmers were unable to get the market value of their produce or even failed to sell what they produced. On the other hand, some traders looked for what to buy in vain. This was one of the biggest challenges in Uganda’s agriculture.
The very poor were actively excluded from the programme hence reduced access to livelihood resources. Although most farmers were aware of NAADS, its utilization was still low among the farmers. The key challenges faced by farmers ranged from social, economic, political and cultural. In the midst of challenges, farmers devised coping mechanisms to counter the challenges.
The study concluded and recommended that to promote sustainable rural develop-ment, there must be radical improvements in people’s attitudes, in programme implementation and outlook on socio- economic activities and quality of human development. It’s only then, that there can be rapid change from the present subsistence farming to levels of com-mercialisation. To that end, the local people must be empowered to become key players in education, acquisition of information that is necessary for better farming methods, thereby promoting true rural development and economic transformation.