Sanskrit Sahitya main Saundarya Prasadhan (Shree Valmiki Se Shriharsh Paryant)

Dr. (Mrs.) PRATIBHA SRIVASTAVA (pratyukovid@gmail.com)
SANSKRIT, MAHATMA JYOTIBA PHULE ROHILKHAND UNIVERSITY, BAREILLY, UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA
August, 2008
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Dr. (Mrs.) Pratibha Srivastava has completed her graduation and post-graduation from renowned University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India with securing the highest marks in her subject in the university. She has also Bachelor degree of Education. In addition, she has awarded by prestigious "Sanskrit Kovid" and "Sanskrit Bharti" by Akhil Bhartiya Sanskrit Pracharini Samiti, New Delhi for her outstanding contribution of Sanskrit literature. She is the life member of Bhandarkar Oriental Research, Pune including various reputed professional societies. Now, she has been serving the nationa as Assistant Teacher in Pre Higher Secondary Education, District Board, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India since December, 2005. She is also actively engage in many social as well as environmental activities throuhg District Environmental Centre, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
 

Abstract

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izk;% lkfgR; rFkk yksd thou nksuksa esa gh lkSUn;Z dh ppkZ gksrh gSA thou ds izR;sd dk;Z esa lkSUn;Z dh vis{kk dh tkrh gSA thou ds izR;sd {ks= esa lkSUn;Z cks/k tkxzr djus dk mins'k fn;k tkrk gSA izR;ssd izLrqfr fdaok thou dh lexz vfHkO;fDr esa lkSUn;Z dk /;ku fn;k tkrk gSA euq"; gh ugha vfirq bZ'oj ds 'khy] LoHkko rFkk lkSUn;Z dk fu:i.k fd;k tkrk gSA lkfgR;kuq'khyu esa lkfgfR;d lkSUn;Z ij cy fn;k tkrk gSA bruk gh ugha] lalkj dk dksbZ Hkh inkFkZ lkSUn;Z psruk dh ifjf/k ls ckgj ugha gSA lkSUn;Z vuqHkwfr dk ,d psru i{k gSA og lR; ls lEi`Dr gSA f'koRo ls vuqizkf.kr gSA rHkh rks lR;a f'koa lqUnje~ dh leosr dYiuk dh x;h gSA leLr lkSUn;Z dk ;fn ,dLFk n`f"V ls fopkj fd;k tk; rks mlds nks Hksn gSa& igyk oLrqxr nwljk vkRexr gSA
vkRexr lkSUn;Z rks vuqHkoxE; gSA og vuqHkwfr dk fo"k; gSA oLrqxr lkSUn;Z p{kqfjfUnz; xzkgSA izFke n`"V~;k fdlh oLrq dk ck:i n`f"Vxr gksrk gS vkSj og lgt gh fpUr dks vkdf"kZr djrk gSA vr% ekuo ek= vius dks rFkk vius lEidZ esa vkus okyh oLrqvksa dks lqUnj cukus dk fujUrj iz;kl djrk gSSA oLrqr% ;g lkSUn;Z cks/k ekuo ds mn~Hko dky ls gh pyk vk jgk gSA ;ks rks lkSUn;Z dk {ks= cgqr gh O;kid gS D;ksafd d.k&d.k esa lkSUn;Z rRo ifjO;kIr gSA 'kks/k ijd vuqlU/kku dks n`f"V ls laLd`r&lkfgR; esa lkSUn;Z&izlk/ku fo"k; dk p;u fd;kA laLd`r&lkfgR; esa dh dksbZ lhek ugha gSA vr% fo"k; dks vkfndfo okYehfd ls ysdj Jhg"kZ rd fu/kkZfjr fd;k x;k gSA vuqla/kku dk;Z dh c)rk ,oa lkSfo/; dks n`f"V esa j[kdj fo"k; dks eq[; :i ls lkr v/;k;ksa esa foHkDr fd;k x;k gSA oLrqr% fdlh oLrq ;k fo"k; ds lEcU/k esa fcuk mldh mi;ksfxrk] mldk vFkZ] Lo:i tkus gq, mlesa izo`fRr ugha gksrh gSA bl n`f"V ls igys v/;k; esa laLd`r&lkfgR; ds Lo:i dk fogaxkoyksdu izLrqr djus ds lkFk gh vkfndfo okYehfd ls ysdj Jhg"kZ rd ds dfo;ksa dk dky kuqlkj O;fDrRo ,oa drZ`Ro dk foospu vfr laf{kIr :i esa fd;k x;k gSA euq"; ek= dh vyadkj&fiz;&izo`fRr dks /;ku esa j[kdj lcls igys u[k ls f'k[kk rd 'kjhj ds vyadk;Z v-ksa dk lkSUn;Z ijd n`f"V ls vkdkjxr lajpuk dk lkfgR; lEer foospu fd;k x;k gSA okLro esa lkalkfjd izn'kZu ls loZFkk fujis{k _f"k;ksa dks Hkh lkSUn;Z vHkh"V jgk gSA rHkh rks egf"kZ okYehfd tSls _f"k ukjn ls vius dkO; dk uk;d cukus ds fy, ekuoh; xq.kksa ds lkFk gh fiz;n'kZu vFkkZr~ tks ns[kus esa lqUnj gks mldh ftKklk djrs gSaA ukjn b{okdqoa'kksRiUu jke dh ppkZ djrs gSaA fu'p; gh lkSUn;Z thou dk vifjgk;Z fgLlk gSA rHkh rks okYehfd jko.k dh xksn esa NViVkrh gq;h lhrk dks ckny ds e/; esa pedrh gq;h fctyh ls mifer djrs gSaA
'kksd ds {k.k esa Hkh okYehfd lhrk ds lkSUn;Z dk foLej.k ugha dj ikrsA okYehfd ds i'pkr~ jl fl) 'kSyh ds egkdfo dkfynkl vius leLr n`'; ,oa JO; dkO;ksa esa ins&ins lkSUn;Z ds fofo/k i{kksa dk lfUucU/ku fd;k gSA mUgksaus ikoZrh] 'kdqUryk] moZ'kh vkfn dk g`n;kotZd fp=k-u fd;k gSA dkfynkl ds lkSUn;Z fp=.k dh fo'ks"krk ;g gS fd mudk lkSUn;Z o.kZu ekly ugha vfirq equ% 'kqf) ,oa ifo=rk dh Hkwfe ij izfrf"Br gSA dkfynkl ds ckn vy`r 'kSyh dk ;qx izkjEHk gksrk gS ftlds mn~Hkkod Hkkjfo rFkk f'k[kj ij igqpkus okys Jhg"kZ gSa vkSj bu nksukas ds e/;orhZ dfo ek?k gSaA bUgh rhuksa dks c`gR=;h ds vUrxZr v-hdkj fd;k x;k gSA bu rhuksa dfo;ksa us viuh 'kSyh ds vuq:i vius ik=ksa ds lkSUn;Z dk izHkwr lkSUn;Zijd fp=k-u fd;k gSA ;ksa rks vf/kdrj lkSUn;Z ds dsUnz fcUnq ukjh jgh gS] fdUrq iq#"k ik=ksa dk Hkh lkSUn;Ziw.kZ fp=.k izkpq;sZ.k gqvk gSA Hkkjfo ds vtqZu] ek?k ds ukjn ,oa Jhd`".k] Jhg"kZ ds uy lqUnjrk ls ifjiw.kZ gSaA bl lUnHkZ esa mYys[kuh; ;g gS fd mDr rhuksa dfo;ksa us o.kZuh; izl- ,oa ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vuqlkj gh mudk lkSUn;Z o.kZu fd;k gSA vtqZu ohj ds :i esa lkSUn;kZ/k;d rksa ls ley`-r gSa rks ek?k ds ukjn eqfutuksfpr vkHkw"k.kksa ls foHkwf"kr gSaA nwljh vksj Jhg"kZ ds uy jktlh izlk/kuksa ls lqlfTtr gSaA
nwljs v/;k; esa oLrqxr ,oa vkRexr lkSUn;Z ds bu nks i{kksa dk Hkh foospu fd;k x;k gSA oLrqxr esa ckvkdkj&izdkj dkO; dh n`f"V ls vy-kj ,oa in'k;k rFkk vkRexr esa O;fDr vFkok oLrq ds vkUrfjd xq.kksa ,oa dkO; dh n`f"V ls jl ,oa /ofu dk lkSUn;Zijd foe'kZ fd;k x;k gSA blh v/;k; esa lkSUn;Z izlk/kuksa dh vko';drk ,oa mi;ksfxrk dk Hkh fpUru fd;k x;k gSA okLro esa fcuk fdlh oLrq dh mi;ksfxrk dk fopkj fd;s mlesa izxk<+ izo`fRr ugha gksrh gSA bl n`f"V ls mi;ksfxrk dk Hkh leqfpr leh{k.k fd;k x;k gSA bl fcUnq ds vuq'khyu ds volj ij ;g ik;k x;k gS fd lkSUn;Z dh mi;ksfxrk dsoy bfUnz;&rks"k ds fy, gh ugha cfYd vkuUn dh ijkHkwfe ij igqpus ds fy, Hkh vko';d gSA cklkSUn;Z vUr% lkSUn;Z ds izfr vkSRlqD; mRiUu djrk gSA lkSUn;Z vkpj.k dh ifo=rk ds izfr Hkh vkd`"V djrk gSA
rhljs v/;k; esa lkSUn;Z izlk/kuksa dk oxhZdj.k fd;k x;k gSA bl oxhZdj.k ds rhu izeq[k fcUnq gSa&ifj/kku] vkHkw"k.k vkSj izlk/kuA ifj/kku ds vUrxZr vkJeksfpr oL=kas dk fu:i.k fd;k x;k gSA buesa js'keh] lwrh] h izeq[k gSaA buds vfrfjDr laU;kfl;ksa rFkk czg~epkfj;ksa ds fy, oYdy] e`xpeZ vkfn dk o.kZu fd;k x;k gSA oLrqr% oL= lkSUn;Z ds ewy vk/kkj gSaA oL=ksa ds fcuk vkHkw"k.kxr vy j.k vFkZghu gks tkrs gsSaA oL=ksa dk Hkh i`Fkd&i`Fkd vkSfpR; gS D;ksafd ;s oL= Hkh vkJeksfpr lk/kuk esa lk/kd vFkok ck/kd curs gSaA lk/kukjr lk/kd ds fy, jktlh oL= Hkksx o`fo/kZd fl) gksrs gSa tcfd jktdk;Z esa yxs gq, O;fDr ds fy, oYdy vFkok U;wuoL= ck/kd vFkok migklkLin gks tkrs gSaA
oL=ksa dk vkHkw"k.kksa ls vkSj vkHkw"k.kksa dk oL=ksa ls xgjk lEcU/k gSA oL=ksa ds fcuk vkHkw"k.k lkSUn;kZ/kk;d ugha gks ldrs gSaA fcuk vkHkw"k.kksa ds oL= Hkh lkSUn;Zo/kZu ugha dj ldrsA vr% bl v/;k; esa f'kjksHkw"k.k] d.kkZHkw"k.k] d.BkHkw"k.k] gLrkHkj.k vkfn dk lkfgR; lEer foospu fd;k x;k gSA lkSUn;Z izlk/kuksa esa oL=] vkHkw"k.kksa ds vfrfjDr laLd`r lkfgR; esa vU;kU; nzO;ksa dk Hkh mYys[k feyrk gS tks pw.kZ vFkok ysi ds :i esa crk;s x;s gSaA laLdr&lkfgR; esa ftu nzO;ksa dh ppkZ dh x;h gS os 'kq) izkd`frd gSaA vkt dy dh Hkkfr os jklk;fud ugha gSaA lkfgR;ksiof.kZr bu izlk/ku nzO;ksa esa vks"k/kh; xq.k fo|eku gSa tks O;fDr ds izd`fr&uSdV~; dk ls-r nsrs gSaA fu'p; gh izd`fr dk izR;sd inkFkZ lexz ekuo thou dk vkHkw"k.k gS ;gh dkj.k gS fd Hkkjrh; laLd`fr o`{kkfn ds lao/kZu ij cy nsrh gSA
ifj/kku dk ifjx.ku Hkh lkSUn;Z ds gh vUrxZr fd;k tkrk gSA blesa iq#"kksa vkSj ukfj;ksa ds vyx&vyx ifj/kku gksrs gSaA ;ksa rks v/kksoL= vkSj oZoL= LFkwy :i ls nks izdkj ds gSaA bl lUnHkZ esa ,d ckr ;g /;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd vkJe ds vuqdwy Hkh ifj/kku /kkj.k fd;s tkrs gSaA czkjh] laU;klh rFkk x`gLFk ds oL=ksa esa vUrj gksrk gSA laU;kfl;ksa ds oL= o`{kksa dh Nkyksa] iRrksa vkfn ls fufeZr gksrs FksA okLro esa ijekFkZ lk/kuk dh n`f"V ls HkkSfrd lq[k&lk/ku xkS.k gksrs gSaA muls Hkksx o`fRr c<+rh gSA lk/kuk esa f'kfFkyrk vkrh gSA vr% vkjkenk;d ifj/kkuksa dh otZuk dh x;h gSA lk/kq&laU;kfl;ksa ds vfrfjDr ifj/kkuksa esa js'ke vFkok lwr ls cus gq, oL=ksa ds iz;ksx dk laLd`r&lkfgR; esa o.kZu feyrk gSA L=h ,oa iq#"k ds os'k esa fHkUurk gksrh gSA fL=;k Lruka'kqd /kkj.k djrh gSaA oZ oL= ds :i esa Lru&izns'k dks lkyadkj vko`Rr djus ds fy, bl oL= dk iz;ksx jgk gS tks vc Hkh izpfyr gSA Lruka'kqd ds fy, dwikZld] dqd vkfn 'kCn dk mYys[k izkIr gksrk gSA ukjh txr~ ds v/kksoL=ksa esa eq[; :i ls p.Mkrd dk mYys[k feyrk gS tks dfV&izns'k ls ikn&i;ZUr gksrk gSA blds vfrfjDr mRrjh; dk Hkh izpqj&iz;ksxksYys[k feyrk gSA mRrjh; dk rkRi;Z nqi rFkk izPNn~iV gksrk gSA ;s leLr ifj/kku ;Fkksfpr :i ls /kkj.k fd;s tkus ij 'kjhj dks lqUnj cukrs gSaA iq#"k ifj/kku esa m".kh"k ;k os"Vu 'kCn dk iz;ksx izkIr gksrk gSA m".kh"k dk rkRi;Z lkQk Fkk ixM+h gksrk gSA ;g flj ij /kkj.k fd;k tkus okyk izkphu dky dk izeq[k ifj/kku gSA ;|fi orZeku esa bldk izpyu ux.; gSA iq#"k oL=ksa esa js'keh oL=ksa dk vf/kd iz;skx feyrk gS vkSj mlesa Hkh v/kksoL= vkSj mRrjh;A v/kksoL= ds :i esa /kksrh rFkk jh oL= ds :i esa mRrjh; oL= gksrk FkkA bl v/;k; esa fofHkUu oxksZ ds L=h&iq#"kksa ds ifj/kkuksa dk foospu fd;k x;k gSA fHk{kq&fHk{kqf.k;ksa ds ifj/kkuksa esa vUrokZld ,oa la?kkVh vkfn dk ukeksYys[k feyrk gS vfHklkfjdkvksa ds ifj/kkuksa dk Hkh fo"k; lhek ds vUrxZr vuqlU/kku fd;k x;k gSA laLd`r&lkfgR; esa vfHklkfjdk ukf;dkvksa dh Hkh os'kHkw"kk dk mYys[k izkIr gksrk gSA vfHklkfjdkvksa ds fy, lw{e oL=ksa ds izpyu dk o.kZu feyrk gSA oLrqr% laLd`r&lkfgR; dh lokZf/kd fo'ks"krk ;g gS fd blesa vkSfpR; dk fuokZg cM+h lw{erk ,oa ltxrk ls fd;k x;k gSA vr% LokHkkfod gS fd o.;Z ik=ksa dk Hkh mudh Hkwfedk ds vuq:i muds ifj/kku] 'khy] lnkpkj dk Hkh vkSfpR; iw.kZ izLrqrhdj.k fd;k x;k gSA laLd`r dfo;ksa us 'kkfUr ds volj ij ftruk ifj/kkuksa dk /;ku fn;k gS mruk gh ;q) dh fLFkfr esa Hkh os'k&lkSUn;Z ds izfr ltxrk fn[kk;h gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd iSny ,oa v'okjksgh lSfudksa dh lkt&lTtk dh vksj /;ku fn;k gSA ;ks)kvksa ds fy, ,sls ifj/kkuksa dk mYys[k fd;k x;k gS ftuls lSfudksa esa LQwfrZ ,oa lqj{kk Hkh cuh jgsA fu'p; gh oL=ksa dk izHkko O;fDr ds dk;Z ,oa O;kikj ij iM+rk gSA lSfudksa ds fy, okjck.k ,oa f'kjL=k.k tSls oL=ksa ds iz;ksx feyrs gSa tks mldh lqj{kk ds fy, vko';d gSA tgk fofo/k uk;d&ukf;dkvksa] nsoh&nsorkvksa ds oL=kHkw"k.kksa dk fpUru fd;k x;k gS ogha oU;&tkfr;ksa ds Hkh ifj/kku dk leqfpr o.kZu fd;k x;k gSA mDr lHkh fo"k;ksa dh ppkZ 'kks/k&izcU/k ds prqFkZ v/;k; esa dh x;h gSA ;gk oL=ksa ds lkFk gh ikn=k.k ;k mikug~ ij Hkh fopkj fd;k x;k gSA
'kks/k&izcU/k ds ikposa v/;k; esa vkHkw"k.kksa ij fopkj fd;k x;k gSA okLro esa vkHkw"k.k fdlh Hkh oLrq vFkok O;fDr ds fy, 'kksHkko/kZd miknku gksrs gSaA izd`r&'kks/k izcU/k esa ekuo lkSUn;Z dk foospu vHkh"V gSA vr% mlds fofHkUu v-ksa ds fy, i`Fkd&i`Fkd vkHkw"k.kksa dk fo/kku fd;k x;k gSA buesa flj ls iSj rd izpfyr vkHkw"k.kksa dh ppkZ dh x;h gSA laLd`r okM~-e; esa f'kjksHkw"k.k ds :i esa eqdqV] pwMkef.k] fdjhV] f'k[kkef.k vkfn dk mYys[k feyrk gSA ;|fi eqdqV jktkvksa dk f'kjksHkw"k.k gS] fdUrq ;g le`f) dk Hkh ifjpk;d gSA lkSUn;Z dh nf"V ls yykV ij fryd /kkj.k djuk Hkh vfHk"V gksrk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd tks ftrus leFkZoku~ gSa os mrus gh mRd`"V vkHkw"k.k /kkj.k djrs gSaA dLrwjh dk fryd Hkxoku~ fo".kq ds yykV dk lkSUn;Zo/kZu djrk gSA fryd dks eLrdkHkj.k ds :i esa izkeq[;su Lohdkj fd;k gSA leLr vkHkj.kksa esa fryd gh ,d ,slk vkHkj.k gS tks /kkrq fufeZr ugha gSA oLrqr% laLdr&lkfgR; esa vkHkj.kksa dk lEcU/k dsoy cklkSUn;Z ls ugha gS] vfirq os vkUrfjd psruk dks tkxzr djus okys gksrs gSaA fryd tgk lkSUn;Z c<+krk gS ogha og eLrd dks 'khryrk Hkh iznku djrk gSA d.kkZHkw"k.kksa esa dq.My eq[; gSA ;ksa rks cukoV ds vk/kkj ij rkyi=] rkyhiqV] rkV-pvkfn vusd uke feyrs gSaA ukd esa /kkj.k fd;s tkus okys vkHkw"k.k dk uke uklkef.k feyrk gS tks {ks=h; Hkk"kk esa vk/kqfud dhy bl uke ls vfHkfgr dh tkrh gSA d.B esa /kkj.k fd;s tkus okys vkHkw"k.kksa dks d.BkHkj.k dgk x;k gSA lkfgR; esa d.BkHkj.k ds fy, gkj] eqDrkgkj] yEcgkj] eqDrkoyh] jRukoyh vkfn vusd uke izkIr gq, gSaA ;s lHkh gkj nks rjg ds gSaA ,d vf/kd yEck vkSj nwljk de yEckA ftuesa gkj vkSj yEcgkj ;s o{kLFky rd yVdrs jgrs gSa] fdUrq eqDrkoyh ,oa jRukoyh vkfn gkj ;s fdfr~ de yEcs rFkk bu gkjksa esa eksfr;k ,oa jRu laxzfFkr gksrs gSaA gLrkHkj.k ds vUrxZr oy;] d-.k] dVd] ds;wj] v-n] vq-yh;d dk o.kZu fd;k x;k gSA buesa oy;] d-.k rFkk vq-yh;d L=h ,oa iq#"k nksuksa ds }kjk /kkj.k fd;s tkrs gSa tcfd ds;wjkfn izk;% iq#"kksa }kjk gh /kkj.k fd;s x;s gSaA oy; vkfn Lo.kZ fufeZr gksrs FksA vq-yh;d /kkj.k djus okys jktk nq";Ur rFkk egkjkuh /kkfj.kh blds Li"V izek.k gSaA
dfV vkHkw"k.k ds :i esa es[kyk] jluk] dkh] fdf-.kh dk mYys[k lkfgR; esa feyrk gSA ;s lHkh dfV vkHkw"k.k e/kqj /ofu djus okys gksrs gSaA blesa j'kuk] dkh] fdf-.kh ;s lHkh e/kqj /ofu djus okyh y?kq fdf-f.k;ksa ls ;qDr gksrh gSA iknkHkw"k.k ds vUrxZr uwiqj dh foospuk dh x;h gS tks jRutfVr ,oa e/kqj /ofu ls ;qDr gSA blds vuUrj iq"IkkHkj.k ij ppkZ dh x;h gSA ;s iq"ikHkj.k] d.kkZHkkw"k.k] dfV vkHkw"k.k rFkk ckyksa dks ltkus ds fy, iz;qDr gksrs FksA blds vfrfjDr ;s lHkh vkHkw"k.k /kkj.k djuk rks izlUurk ,oa lq[kn fLFkfr ds |ksrd gSa fdUrq thou esa dqN ,sls Hkh {k.k vkrs gSa tc O;fDr fujk'kk ,oa nq%[k dk vuqHko djrk gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa [kku&iku tc vPNk ugha yxrk rks vkHkw"k.k fiz;rk dgk jgsxh\ vr% ,slh vusd fLFkfr;k gSa tc O;fDr vius vkHkw"k.kksa dk Lor% ifjR;kx dj nsrk gS mu fo'ks"k fLFkfr;ksa ij Hkh foLr`r ppkZ dh x;h gSA
"k"B v/;k; esa `-kj izlk/ku ij fopkj fd;k x;k gSA bl v/;k; esa `-kj&izlk/ku nks Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr gS 1- Luku rFkk vuqysiu 2- ds'k&iz'kk/kuA ekuo `-kj izseh gksrk gSA mls lkSUn;Z cks/k Hkh jgrk gSA vr% og Lo;a dks ukuk izdkj ds lkSUn;Z izlk/kuksa }kjk lqlfTtr djds lekt ds lEeq[k mifLFkr djrk gSA blls tgk mldks vkfRed izlUurk gksrh gS] ogha lEidZ esa vk;s gq, dks Hkh vkuUn feyrk gSA ;gh fpkg~yknu gh mls `-kj djus ds fy, izsfjr djrk gSA 'kjhj dks tgk vusd izdkj dh J`-kj&izlk/ku lkexzh ls lqlfTtr fd;k tkrk gS ogha loZizFke 'kjhj dh LoPNrk vko';d gksrh gSA blds fy, Luku vko';d gSA vusd izdkj ds nzO;ksa ls ty dks lqxfU/kr djus dh Hkh vko';drk gksrh gS D;ksafd LoPN 'kjhj ds vHkko esa fd;k x;k vy-j.k vFkZghu gksrk gS vkSj vyadfj".kq Lo;a Hkh migkl dk ik= gks tkrk gSA laLd`r&lkfgR; esa 'kjhj dks LoPN ,oa lqxfU/kr djus ds fy, vusd izdkj ds inkFkZ of.kZr gSaA ftuesa pUnu] vxq#] fiz;q- dkyh;d] dslj] dqq-e] diwZj] dLrwjh] m'khj] dey ,oa dnEc vkfn iq"iksa dk ijkx izeq[k gSaA bu lHkh lqxfU/kr inkFkksZa ij foLr`r ppkZ "k"B v/;k; ds vUrxZr dh x;h gSA
lkSUn;Z dh n `f"V ls tgk ,d vksj 'kjhj dks LoPN j[kus] mls lqokflr djus dh vko';drk gS ogha ds'k&izlk/ku dk Hkh vR;f/kd egRo gSA ds'k dk 'kjhj ij 'kh"kZLFk LFkku gksrk gSA vr% lkSUn;Z dh n`f"V ls mudk ds'kksa dk izlk/ku djuk Hkh vkd"kZd O;fDrRo ds fy;s loZFkk visf{kr gksrk gSA izkd`frd :i ls rks ds'k dkys j- ds gksrs gSa] fdUrq mudks dksey rFkk fLuX/k cukus ds fy;s fofo/k nzO;ksa dh vko';drk iM+rh gSA vr% ds'k&foU;kl ,oa izlk/ku dh n`f"V ls dfo;ksa us vusd izdkj ds izlk/kuksa dk o.kZu fd;k gSA blesa d`".kkxq# ds /kwe ls ds'kksa dks dkyk fd;k tkrk Fkk rFkk dLrwjh] pUnu ,oa diZwj vkfn ls ds'kksa dks eqyk;e ,oa pednkj cuk;k tkrk FkkA blds vfrfjDr ds'kksa dk foU;kl Hkh L=h ,oa iq#"k nksuksa vyx&vyx rs gSa pkgs mudk izHkko jklk;fud inkFkksZa dh vis{kk fdfr~ de gksA
bl izdkj 'kks/k izcU/k ds mDr v/;k;ksa ds vUrxZr vkus okyh fo"k;oLrq ij foLr`r ppkZ dh xbZ gS vkSj 'kks/k dks ekSfydrk iznku djus dk ltx iz;kl fd;k x;k gSA vk'kk gS fd ;g 'kks/k&txr~ dks fdfr~ ykHk vo'; iznku djsxkA

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