Analysis of Recreational Carrying Capacity of Urban Parks and Urban Forests in DKI Jakarta Province

Reno C. D. Oktavia, Hermanto Siregar, Tutut Sunarminto, Rachmad Hermawan

Abstract


Green Open Space (GOS) in the Capital Special Area (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota/DKI) Jakarta, both in the form of urban park and urban forest has very important function for recreation or any other greening function. In term of recreation &  tourism, one of the most important arrangement aspect in GOS management is the carrying capacity (CC), which is not only important to be acknowledged in order to enforce the aspects of sustainability, but also important to be managed well to reach customer satisfaction aspects. Therefore, by using purposive sampling methode there have been done a series of research about the carrying capacity of three GOS, namely urban park (Taman) Suropati (well established area), urban forest-park (Taman Hutan Kota/THK) Honda-Tebet (established area), and THK Penjaringan (less established area); specifically related to physical carrying capacity aspect and psychologycal carrying capacity aspect. Primary data retrieval is done by direct measuring of recreational space usage (for the physical CC/PCC) and by spreading the closed-ended questionnaires instrument (for the psychology CC/CFp) that data adopted the  One Score One Indicator Criteria Scoring System. The result of study shows that at the three GOS’s the CFp take an important role to reduce the PCC significantly range from 78% up to 92% to become its real  carrying capacity (RCC).


Keywords


carrying capacity; green open space; urban forest; urban park.

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