Risk Factors of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the Working Area of Kotaraja Public Health Center of Jayapura City, Papua Province

Anneke Yacob, AL Rantetampang AL Rantetampang, Yermia Msen, Yacob Ruru

Abstract


Background: Tuberculosis is still a major problem in the health of the Indonesian people. Pulmonary tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The main symptom is coughing for 3 weeks or more. It is estimated that the number of Tuberculosis patients in Indonesia is around 10% of the total number of Tuberculosis patients in the world. Indonesia is ranked second after India with the highest incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the world.

Research Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Kotaraja Public Health Center of Jayapura City, Papua Province.

Research method: The research method used in this study was observational analytic with a case control study approach. A sample of 66 people consisted of 22 people with a diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis as a case and 44 people who were not sick with pulmonary tuberculosis as a control. The study was conducted in October 2018. Statistical tests used in this study were univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. Data obtained using questionnaires and interviews.

Results: Bivariate analysis showed several risk factors affecting the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Kotaraja Public Health Center of Jayapura City were age (p = 0.040; OR = 0.175; 95% CI = 0.036-0,848), occupation (p = 0.012; OR = 0.214; 95% CI = 0.070-0,688), history of pulmonary TB in the family (p = 0,000; OR = 13,571; 95% CI = 3,438-53,568), smoking habits (p = 0,008; OR = 4,911; 95% CI = 1,628–14,817), and alcohol drinking habits (p = 0,001; OR = 7,268; 95% CI = 2,328–22,805), while gender (p = 0.136; OR = 0.396; 95% CI = 0.139-1129), education level (p = 1,000; OR = 0.908; 95% CI = 0.315-2619), knowledge (p = 0.057; OR = 0.267 ); 95% CI = 0.078-0,917), and history of DM (p = 0.869; OR = 0.476; 95% CI = 0.050-4.536) were not influencing to the incidence of pulmonary Tuberculosis. The dominant risk factors were the history TB in the family, smoking habits, alcohol drinking habits, occupation, and age.


Keywords


Pulmonary Tuberculosis; Public Health Center; Case Control.

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