Improving Students' Mathematical Reasoning Ability Through Problem Posing Approaches at SMPN 19 Banda Aceh

Ainal Mardiah, M. Ikhsan, Marwan Marwan


One tendency that causes students to fail to solve every mathematical problem that demands analysis is caused by students not using good reasoning in solving problems given. The application of the problem posing approach to junior high school students is one solution to overcome this problem. This research was conducted as an effort to improve mathematical reasoning abilities, activities, and student responses to learning using the problem posing approach. This research is a Classroom Action Research which was conducted for four meetings and consisted of two cycles with the research subject being seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 19 Banda Aceh. Data collection was carried out using a test of mathematical reasoning ability, student activity observation sheet, and questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results showed that students' mathematical reasoning abilities could be improved through a problem posing approach. This is shown by the students' mathematical reasoning ability which has increased, namely in the 50% I-cycle, complete and become 95.83% in the second cycle. The expected student activity in learning using the problem posing approach is also active and students' responses to learning using the problem posing approach in class VII of SMPN 19 Banda Aceh are very positive.


Problem Posing Approach; Student Activities; Mathematical Reasoning Ability; Student Response.

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