The Islamicity of Lanao Sultanate, Philippines in the 17th Century as a State

Sohayle M. Hadji Abdul Racman

Abstract


The Pat a Pangampong sa Ranao or Lanao Sultanate in the Philippines was founded in the early 17th century after its leaders seceded from the Magindanao Sultanate. The Lanao Sultanate had the traditional laws i.e. the taritib and igma or the Adat Laws, and Shari’ah (Islamic laws). The political structure of Lanao Sultanate consists of council of elders, house of board of advisers, house of bais (ladies), imāms (prayer leaders), kalis (judges), gurus (teachers), askars (army), pananalsilas (genealogy experts), defence units headed by a radia-laut (naval and war commander), and the forty-three sultans who ruled the pagawidan (supported) states and pagawid (supporting) states. The supported states had fifteen sultans who were the executive bodies of the fifteen royal houses of the Lanao Sultanate. The pagawid (supporting) states had twenty-eight governors called m’babaya ko taritib who were also the legislative bodies of the four states of Lanao: Bayabao, Masiu, Unayan, and Baloi. The Islamicity of the Lanao Sultanate in the 17th century as an Islamic state is not represented in literature. This explains why there is a huge research gap on this study. This paper will explore in-depth the Islamicity of Lanao Sultanate in the 17th century using the functions and the characteristics of an Islamic state as parameters according to contemporary Muslim scholars.


Keywords


Islamicity; Lanao; Sultanate.

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References


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Sohayle M. Hadji Abdul Racman. “The Political Legitimacy of the Lanao Sultanate in the 17th Century with Special Reference to the Political Thought of al-Māwardī.” Ph.D. thesis, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam, 2018. See in appendix A of the thesis. Transcription of my interview with Sultan Monsing Macabando at Ranao Radio Broadcasting and TV (RRTTV) System Corp., SMA Bldg., Kotha Pangarungan, Nurhaya Village, Marawi City. On February 15, 2017. Broadcasted at RRTV System from Feb. 16 to 30, 2017. Uploaded in the Youtube by Somayah Magarang on March, 5 2017. Access on Youtube: Sohayle H. Abdulracman. RRBTV System Corp. owner: Bombit Adiong, the Governor of Lanao del Sur.

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