The Growth of Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Ratoon System at Various Times Flooding Rice Stump from Conventional Cultivation and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)

Fefriyanti DS, Fatardho Zudri, Auzar Syarif, Aswaldi Anwar

Abstract


The research was carried out in the UPT of the experimental garden of the Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University, in the form of using bucket media at an altitude of 350 MDPL from February to September 2017. The aim was to find out the best interaction when the flooding of conventional rice stumps and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) was conducted. get good cultivation for the ratoon system and know the best flooding time for the growth of rice plants. To get good cultivation results for the ratoon system and find out the best flooding time for improving the ratoon system rice production. This study uses two-factor completely randomized design (CRD) of 3 replications. The first factor is the stump of cultivation (the origin of conventional cultivation stumps and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)) and the second factor is the time to start flooding stump  of  3 DAH (Day After Harvest), 6 DAH, 9 DAH, and 12 DAH. The data obtained were analyzed by variance with the F test and if the calculated F was large from the F table, it was continued with a 5% Honest Real Difference test. The results of observations that have been made, there is no interaction of conventional cutivation stumps and SRI method with various time flooding of the ratoon system rice growth.


Keywords


Ratoon; Conventional; System of Rice Intensification; Flooding.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. De Datta, S. K, Bernasor.. Agronomy Principles and Practice of Rice Rationing. In WH Smith, V. kumble, EP Cervantes. Rice Ratooning. IRRI, los Banos, Philippines. 1988. Pp 163-176

. De Datta, SK. Principles And Practices Of Rice production. 1981. Jhon Wiley And Sons. New York. Pp 297-299.

. Krishnamurthy, K. Rice Ratooning an Alternative to Double Cropping in Tropical Asia. In WH Smith, V. kumble, EP Cervantes. Rice Ratooning. IRRI, los Banos, Philippines. 1988. Pp 3-16.

. Dong, H., Chen, Q., Wang, W., Peng, S., Huang, J., Cui, K., & Nie, L. The Growth and Yield of a Wet-Seeded Rice System in Central China. Field Crops Research, 208, Pp 55–59. January. 2017.

. Lita, TN, Soekartomo, S., & Guritno, B. Pengaruh perbedaan sistem tanam terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman padi ( Oryza sativa L) di lahan sawah. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, Vol 1 N0. 4, 361–368. September. 2013.

. Eagle, AJ, Bird, JA, Hill, JE, Horwath, WR, & van Kessel, C. Nitrogen Dynamics and Fertilizer Use Efficiency in Rice following Straw Incorporation and Winter Flooding. Agronomy Journal, Vol. 93, 1346. Nov-Des 2001.

. Gardner, FP, RB, Pearce, and RL Mitchell. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya (Translate Indonesian). Translation: Herawati Susilo, UI- Press, Jakarta. 1991.

. Sitompul, SM and B. Guritno. Analisis Pertumbuhan Tanaman. Yogyakarta. UGM Press. 1995.

. Mollard, FPO, Striker, GG, Ploschuk, EL, & Insausti, P. Subtle topographical differences along with a flood problem promote different plant strategies among Paspalum listed in species and populations. Austral Ecology, Vol. 35 No. 2, Pp189–196. April 2010.

. Qaisrani, M.M, M.S Mirza, A. Zaheer and K.A. Malik. Isolation and identi fi cation by 16S rRNA sequence analysis of Achromobacter, Azospirillum and Rhodococcus strains from the rhizosphere of maize and screening for the bene fi cial effect on plant growth. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 51, Issue 134. Pp 91–99. March 2014.

. Setiawan, A., Tyasmoro, SY, & Nugroho, A. Intermittent Irrigation and Height on Growth and Yield Ratoon Rice (Oryza sativa L.) AGRIVITA, Vol. 36 No. 1, Pp 72–80. February. 2014.

. Susilawati, Sapta Purwoko, B., Aswidinnoor, H., Edi Santosa. Tingkat Produksi Ratun berdasarkan Tinggi Pemotongan Batang Padi Sawah Saat Panen. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, Vol. 40 No.1, Pp 1–7. January. 2012.

. Susilawati. Agronomi Ratun Genotipe-Genotipe Padi Potensial Untuk Lahan Pasang Surut. Disertation Doktoral. Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor, Indonesia. 2011.

. Vergara, BS, FSS Lopez and JS Chauhan, Morphology and Physiology of Ratoon Rice. In WH Smith, V. kumble, EP Cervantes. Rice Ratooning. IRRI, los Banos, Philippines. Pp: 13-14. 1988.

. Yoshida, S. Fundamental Of Rice Crop Science. IRRI. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.1981. Pp 84-90.

. Weiss, M., Baret, F., Smith, GJ, Jonckheere, I., & Coppin, P. Review of methods for in situ leaf area index (LAI) determination. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Volume 121 Issue 1-2. Pp 37–53. January. 2004.

. Hidayati, N., Triadiati, & Anas, I. Photosynthesis and Transparency of Rice Cultivation Under the System of Rice Intensification and the Effects on Growth and Yield. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, Volume 23 Issue 2. Pp 67–72. 2016.

. Jackson, MB, & Colmer, TD. Response and Adaptation by Plants to Flood Stress. Annals of Botany, Volume 96 Issue 4, 501–505. September 2005.

. Jena KK, Hardy B, editors. 2012. Advances in temperate rice research. Los Baños (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. 105 p.

. Kim JK, Vergara BS. Morpho-Anatomical Characteristics of Different Panicles in Low and High Tillering Rices. Korean Journal of Crop Science, Volume 36 Issue 6, Pp 568-575. December 1991.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).