Impact of Government Policy on Advantages and Competitiveness of Corn (Case Study in Tigo Nagari District, Pasaman District West Sumatera Province)

Zulfauzan Zulfauzan, Rahmat Syahni Z, Mahdi Mahdi

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the level of private and social benefits of corn farming, the competitiveness of corn through comparative and competitive advantages and the impact of government policies on the benefits and competitiveness of corn commodities in Pasaman Regency. This study uses a quantitative survey method that uses questionnaires and interviews. The sampling method is simple random sampling with a sample of 40 respondents. Data analysis method used is Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) and sensitivity analysis. The results showed that the advantages of corn commodities per ha per season were seen from the value of private profits of Rp. 6,937,437 and social profit value Rp 8,947,076, which shows that corn farming is profitable, then corn commodity in Tigo Nagari District Pasaman District has competitive advantages and comparative advantages (PCR = 0.53 and DRC = 0.47), the impact of policy on inputs, so as to reduce costs farming (NPCI = 0.73). However, the output price received by farmers is still lower than the shadow price (NPCO = 0.87). The output policy cannot protect local farmers, and this policy on corn farming is not effective (EPC = 0.88).


Keywords


Competitiveness; Profit; Policy Analysis Matrix; Corn Farming.

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References


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