The Comparison of Sensorimotor Integration Effects towards the Change in Standing Balance Level Between Hemiparesis Post Non-Hemorrhagic and Hemorrhagic Stroke Patients

Djohan Aras, Jumraini Tammasse, Nur Annisa Talib, Farahdina Bachtiar

Abstract


Stroke is a brain functional disorder both focal and global acute, this is a sudden, progressive, and rapid illness by dint of the inhibition of bloodstream to the brain due to either the hemorrhage/hemorrhagic stroke or the blockage/non-hemorrhagic stroke with symptoms and signs corresponding to the affected part of the brain. The sensorimotor exercise is an activity involving sensory and motor coordination aimed at enhancing the sensorimotor ability which consists of such as visual, tactile, proprioceptive, vestibular, auditory and kinesthetics/motor movement capabilities to achieve a directed, purposeful and functioning motion. The research employed experimental research methods with two group pre-test and post-test. There were two groups of patients in this research namely Non-Hemorrhagic stroke Patients and Hemorrhagic stroke patients. The sample was determined by Slovin formula which amounts to 20 people. Each group amounted to 10 people by utilizing purposive sampling as the sample selection technique. The result of the paired sample t-test shows that p = 0,000 for each NHS group and HS group. The value is smaller than α = 0.05, which means there is a noticeable effect of sensorimotor integration to the changes in standing balance level in hemiparesis post NHS and HS patients. Then, the outcome of an independent sample t-test indicates that the value p = 0,023 (p <0,05).

It signifies that there is an obvious distinction from the provision of sensorimotor integration toward the alteration in standing balance level to hemiparesis post NHS and HS patients i.e. the NHS group given sensorimotor integration is more effective than the HS group.


Keywords


Standing Balance Disorder; Non-Hemorrhagic Stroke; Hemorrhagic Stroke; Sensorimotor Integration; Berg Balance Scale (BBS)

Full Text:

PDF

References


. Sofwan, R., Stroke dan rehabilitasi pasca stroke. 2013: Bhuana Ilmu Populer.

. Agustina, L., Hubungan antara Kadar Low Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) dengan Kejadian Gangguan Kognitif Pada Penderita Pasca Stroke Iskemik. 2011, Diponegoro University.

. Kulshreshtha, A., et al., Stroke in South Asia: a systematic review of epidemiologic literature from 1980 to 2010. Neuroepidemiology, 2012. 38(3): p. 123-129.

. Thomson, D., . Stroke dan Pencegahannya. Jakarta: Arcan. 2010.

. Irfan, M. and J. Susanti, Pengaruh Penerapan Motor Relearning Programme (MRP) Terhadap Peningkatan Keseimbangan Berdiri Pada Pasien Stroke Hemiplegi. 2010, Jakarta: Universitas Indonusa Esa Unggul. http://ejurnal. esaunggul. ac. id/index. p hp/Fisio/article/view/612/574 (Diakses pada 19 Februari 2016 pukul 20: 07).

. Setiawan, Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) Materi Kuliah Fisioterapi Neuromuskular. . Surakarta: Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan UMS. 2011.

. Pudjiastuti, S.S. and B. Utomo, Fisioterapi pada lansia. Jakarta: EGC, 2003.

. Martika, T. and S. Subagya, pengaruh latihan sensorimotor terhadap kemampuan menulis anak tunagrahita ringan kelas iii semester genap di slb cg yppcg surakarta tahun ajaran 2012/2013. Jurnal Rehabilitasi dan Remediasi, 2014. 23(1).

. Junaidi, Stroke Wasapadai Ancamannya. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi., 2011.

. Wardhana, W.A., Strategi mengatasi & bangkit dari stroke. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Pustaka Pelajar, 2011.

. Wijaya, Pengaruh Pemberian Sensomotorik Integrasi terhadap Perubahan Keseimbangan pada Hemiparese Post Stroke. . Skripsi, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar., 2015.

. Jang, S.H. and J.-H. Lee, Impact of sensory integration training on balance among stroke patients: Sensory integration training on balance among stroke patients. Open Medicine, 2016. 11(1): p. 330-335.

. Doyle, S., et al., Interventions for sensory impairment in the upper limb after stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2010. 2010(6): p. CD006331-1-CD006331-60.

. Go, E.-J. and S.-H. Lee, Effect of sensorimotor stimulation on chronic stroke patients’ upper extremity function: a preliminary study. Journal of physical therapy science, 2016. 28(12): p. 3350-3353.

. Widjaja, H., I. Putra, and A. Nuartina, Neurorestorasi Pasca-stroke: Harapan Baru Penderita Stroke. CDK-227, 2015. 42(4): p. 257-261.

. Perna, R. and J. Temple, Rehabilitation outcomes: ischemic versus hemorrhagic strokes. Behavioural Neurology, 2015. 2015.

. Chiu, D., et al., Comparison of outcomes after intracerebral hemorrhage and ischemic stroke. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 2010. 19(3): p. 225-229.

. Priguna, S., Neurologi klinis dalam praktek umum. 2011, Edisi ke-3. PT. Dian Rakyat.

. Irfan, M., Fisioterapi bagi insan stroke. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, 2010.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).