Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Factors influencing adoption of New Castle Disease Vaccine in Kakamega County in Kenya

victor ngaira muhumbwa, Kios David K, Ochieng V. Ouko


Kenya has approximately 28 million poultry of which 22 million (76%) are indigenous chicken kept on free-range system by small-scale farmers in rural and peri-urban areas. Poultry production requires low initial capital and maintenance costs; however, predation and disease hinders this potential from full exploitation by 50-74% and 36-50% respectively. New castle disease (NCD) is the major cause of mortality in indigenous chicken flock. In Western Kenya, vaccination using heat labile live vaccines has been in use for its control. Due to high costs incurred in handling the vaccines, only large-scale commercial farms have the capacity to meet the demand. This leaves out the small-scale indigenous chicken farmers who produce over 70% of meat and 50% of eggs consumed in Kenya. This study was undertaken in January 2011 with the main objective being to determine mortality due to NCD and the factors influencing the adoption of its vaccine. Descriptive survey using questionnaire was used and forty respondents were involved the study. Only 35% of the respondent in the study area had adopted the vaccination and out of all the chicks hutched, only 45% survived to maturity. The loss due to predation and diseases were 45% and 55% respectively. The factors that influenced adoption were effectiveness, ease of availability, lack of any other option and affordability of vaccine at 34.6%, 26.9%, 23.1% and 15.4% respectively.


New castle disease , Poultry, Vaccine

Full Text:



Aboul-lla S.S. Women of the developing countries and their role in poultry development. Proceedings of the 19th worlds Poultry Congress, 20sth - 24 September 1992, Amsterdam: Netherlands.Vol.2 pp 697-700. 1992

Anon. Poultry Production. Annual Report 1999, KARI.

Anon. Uganda Journal of Agricultural science, Vol.12 (2):pg31-35. 2006.

Bradley, F.A.A Historical review of womens contribution to Poultry production and implications for poultry development policy. Proceeding of the 19th World Poultry Congress, 20-24 September 1992, Amsterdam: The Netherlands.Vol.2pp663-696.1992.

District Veterinary Office, Monthly reports of 2010 :( Unpublished)

Gillespie, J.R. Animal Science.pg836.Delmas Publishers: London .2004.

Government of Kenya: Ministry of Livestock Development.2004: Author

Mukisira and Okitoi, L. Improved Management of Indigenous Chicken. Farmer's Journal. The Regional Magazine in Modern Farmer Pg 5-11. 2000

Ndegwa, J.M.and Kimani, C.W., Rural Poultry production in Kenya: Reseach and development strategies.

Proceedings of fifth KARI scientific conference.Nairobi: Kenya. 1996.

Okitoi L .O Improvement of Indigenous Poultry production in Western Kenya.2000.

Okitoi L.O and Mukisira, E. A. Improved management of Indigenous chicken KARI Technical Note No. 8.


Ondwasy H.O .N Enkari J, Ligono W. and Nelima K.Improved Management Packages For Indegenous Chicken in Ileho and Lubao Sublocation Kakamega District .FARMESA CONFRENCE April, 2000.

Ondwasy H.O.Stop New Castle Disease, A new castle disease vaccination leaflet supported and funded by GoK and Government of The Netherlands Produced by KARI and DEVCOM.1998.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).