Knowledge, Attitudes and Socio-Cultural Practices that Influence the Control of Cervical Cancer among Women in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Georgine Kemboi, John Obiri, Charles Mutai

Abstract


Cancer is now recognized globally as one of the leading non-communicable diseases. Each year about half a million women develop invasive cancer of the uterine cervix, with more than 80% occurring in low-income countries. This study assessed Knowledge, Attitudes and Socio- cultural Practices that influence the control of cervical cancer among women in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. A house hold survey was conducted among women of reproductive age (18-49 years) in Uasin Gishu County. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire, interview schedules and focus group discussions. SPSS statistical software was used to generate statistical parameters like mean, standard deviation, etc. The X2 test was used as a test of significance and multiple logistic regression analysis with odds ratio at 95% confidence interval was utilized. Majority 91.4% (n=363) had heard about cervical cancer with the main source of information being from the media 38.2% (n=136).

 Although majority 73% (n=229) were able to identify how cervical cancer is transmitted, only 24% (n=86) correctly identified HPV as the causative agent of cervical cancer. Vaginal bleeding was identified 40.5% (n=162) as the common sign and symptom of cervical cancer. 83.3% (n=280) reported that anyone who had ever had sexual contact qualified to be screened. Though majority 83.7% (n=304) indicated willingness to go for cervical cancer screening, actual practice was low at 35.5%. Though there was adequate knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer, the same did not translate into practice. This was attributed to the general negative attitude towards cervical cancer control interventions.


Keywords


Cervical cancer; knowledge, attitude; socio-cultural practices.

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References


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