Assessment of the Quality of Water Discharges from a Desalination Plant: Case of Honaine Station (Western Algeria)

Mohamed Samir Mehtougui, Ahmed Kerfouf, Safia Ardjoum, Farouk Mehtougui

Abstract


Around the Mediterranean coast, 79% of the production of fresh water is assured by reverse osmosis (SWRO). T many desalination plants have emerged in Algeria, who chose the desalination of sea water as solution to solve the problems of drinking water shortage. The deficit in drinking water was important in western Algeria, which explains the high number of stations: Macta, Bousfer, Bouzedjar, Chatt el Hillal, Honaine et Ghazaouet. A number which the authorities aims to increase, but much of questions are currently posed on the impact of these installations on the environment.  It is in this context that a study has been carried out to determine the quality of the water discharges at sea, resulting from the desalination process. The principal environmental impact associated the processes of desalination comes from the production of the brine (salt concentrations betwin 36750 mg/l and 37800 mg/l). The other environmental impacts are: discharges associated like water coming from cleaning with the filter, harmful effects sound, the emission of gas, or problems of landscape degradation.

Keywords


desalination; sea water; fresh water; reverse osmosis; environmental impacts; brine; Honaine; station; Western Algeria.

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References


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